Myanmar attains medium human development status
Ye Khaung Nyunt, Global New Light of Myanmar
In a 2016 report on Human Development of the United Nations, Myanmar’s Human Development Index has moved up to rank 145 out of 188 countries, attaining medium human development status. The report was released by the UN Development Program yesterday at U Thant Hall in UNDP’s office, with representative Miss Renata Dessallien and financial consultant Thomas Caren speaking at the press conference.
According to the report, Myanmar’s Human Development Index (HDI) for 2016 reached 0.556, an increase from 0.536 in 2014 when it ranked 148 out of 188 countries.
However, Myanmar’s HDI remains below the average for East Asia and Pacific (0.720). It was attributed to the fact that
Myanmar is still performing below the average of Southeast Asia in such areas as maternal health and mortality rate for
children under five years of age. “We are pleased with the government and people of Myanmar for achieving to a medium
level of human development,” it was stated in the 2016 UNDP Report.
“The world is working for easy access to education, health and cleanliness for all with an additional focus on female empowerment and freedom from poverty. This increase in HDI is a sign that the world is heading in the right direction. This is a good predictor for Myanmar’s pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs),” stated Helen Clark of the UNDP Chief Administration Office.
The HDI measures not only economic growth, but also the quality of growth in terms of human development and human wellbeing.
Myanmar’s ability to achieve the SDGs is linked to its continued commitment to improve human development for its people, the report said. Almost 1.5 billion people, between 1990-2015 worldwide, lived in multidimensional poverty-reflecting acute deprivations in health, education and standards of living, according to the report. In the previous 25 years, 1.1 billion of the world’s population have better levels of sanitation and 1.6 billion now have access to clean water. The worldwide mortality rate of
children under 5 in the years between 1990-2016 has decreased by half. The report also stated medical cases concerning HIV,
malaria and tuberculosis has also decreased significantly.