Author Archives: Aye Win

Myanmar New Year Message by Renata Dessallien, UN Resident Coordinator

Myanmar New Year Message by Renata Dessallien, UN Resident Coordinator

(As broadcast on Skynet TV)

မဂၤလာပါရွင္ Mingalarbar Shin and warm greetings on this very special occasion. Thingyan is a special time for reflection, for meditation, and it’s also a time for joy and celebration. We reflect in order to improve ourselves, to improve our frame of mind, and our actions moving forward. And we celebrate to spread joy and enthusiasm and loving kindness to everyone around us.

The government of Myanmar has just reflected, on its first year in office and it has drawn lessons from that experience and re-committed itself to the will of the people, moving forward. And United Nations system is similarly reflecting, learning lessons and re-committing itself to the will of the people of Myanmar. Myanmar is a very special country.  On the one hand, history has not always been kind to Myanmar. And even today, many people still have very difficult lives because poverty still persists and inequality persists and even violent conflict erupts sometimes on the border regions of Myanmar.

But on the other hand, Myanmar is the country of great treasures and I’m not only speaking about material treasures. Treasures such as the very rich natural resources that Myanmar enjoys. But I am also thinking about human treasures and spiritual treasures. And here for me, I feel the one of the most precious treasures of Myanmar lies in the heart of the Myanmar people.

And I am speaking about the Myanmar spirit of generosity, the Myanmar spirit of oneness and solidarity with people who are suffering. And the spirit of loving kindness. This special quality of Myanmar, this treasure, has placed Myanmar at the very top of the list of countries for giving in the world. Myanmar is No 1, among all countries in the world for giving. And its not just giving for friends and inner circle of family and friends, its giving for everyone.

I was here in the year 2015, during the very massive floods in Myanmar where 12 out of the 14 states and regions were affected by the floods. And everyone came out to help whether they was young people, old people, whether it is rich or poor, girls or boys, everyone came out to pitch in and to try to help. It was on a very very inspiring moment where this Myanmar spirit of generosity flourished and it was at that time I felt very strongly that the future of this country is very bright.

We all know that Myanmar is in a process of nation building, great progress has been made and much remains to be accomplished. And its my hope and my prayer that as the people of this country and the government move forward and take this big nation-building steps for peace, for development, for democracy, for human rights, justice and equality for all. That the spirit of generosity and loving kindness will influence the process, so everyone will feel included, everyone will feel respected and everyone will feel valued because I believe in this way, a very great future is guarantee for this great country. And on this Thingyan I wish everyone very happy, joyful festivities.

Happy New Year Myanmar, Congratulations, Myanmar.  Kyay Zuu Tin Bar Deh!

ျမန္မာႏိုုင္ငံဆိုုင္ရာ ကုုလသမဂၢဌာေန ညိွႏိွုင္းေရးမွူး Renata Dessallien ၏ ျမန္မာႏွစ္သစ္ကူးသ၀ဏ္လႊာ

ျမန္မာႏိုုင္ငံဆိုုင္ရာ ကုုလသမဂၢဌာေန ညိွႏိွုင္းေရးမွူး Renata Dessallien ၏ ျမန္မာႏွစ္သစ္ကူးသ၀ဏ္လႊာ

(Skynet TV မွတဆင့္ထုတ္လႊင့္သည္။)

မဂၤလာပါရွင္

အခုလို ထူးျခားတဲ့ အခ်ိန္အခါသမယမွာ ေႏြးေထြးစြာ ႏႈတ္ခြန္းဆက္သပါတယ္။ သၾကၤန္ကာလကေတာ့ပစၥဳပန္ အေျခအေနေတြသံုးသပ္ဖို႔၊တရားအားထုတ္ဖို႔၊ ေပ်ာ္ပြဲရႊင္ပြဲ က်င္းပဖို႔ အခ်ိန္အခါပါ။ ဒီလိုသံုးသပ္တာကၽြန္မတို႔ရဲ႕ ကိုယ္နဲ႔စိတ္ ေရွ႕ဆက္လုပ္ေဆာင္မဲ့ လုပ္ငန္းေဆာင္တာေတြကို ပိုျပီးတိုးတက္ေကာင္းမြန္ေစ ပါတယ္။ ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္မႈေတြ၊ စိတ္အားထက္သန္မႈေတြနဲ႔ ေမတၲာတရားေတြကို လူတိုင္းစီကို မွ်ေဝျပီး ဆင္ႏႊဲက်င္းပတဲ့ အခ်ိန္လဲျဖစ္ပါတယ္။

ျမန္မာအစိုးရအေနနဲ႔ သူတို႔တာဝန္ထမ္းေဆာင္တဲ့ ပထမႏွစ္မွာ အေတြ႕အၾကံဳေတြျပန္လည္သံုးသပ္ျပီး သင္ခန္းစာမ်ား မွတ္ယူျခင္းျဖင့္ လူထုရဲ႕ဆႏၵကိုေဖၚေဆာင္ရန္ျပန္လည္ ကတိက၀တ္ျပဳျပီး ေရွ႔သို့ခ်ီလ်က္ရွိပါသည္။ အလားတူ ကမာၻ႕ကုလသမဂၢအေနနဲ႔လည္း သင္ခန္းစာမွတ္္ယူသံုးသပ္ျပီး ျမန္မာျပည္သူလူထုရဲဆႏၵေဖၚေဆာင္ႏိုင္ရန္ ၾကိဳးပမ္းေနပါတယ္။ တစ္ဖက္မွာ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဟာ အရမ္းကိုထူးျခားတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံျဖစ္ျပီး၊ သမိုင္းေၾကာင္းမွာ အျမဲတမ္းလြယ္ကူခဲ့တာေတာ့ မဟုတ္ပါဘူး။ ဒီေန႔အခ်ိန္အခါမွာ ျမန္မာျပည္သူအမ်ား ခက္ခက္ခဲခဲ ရင္ဆိုင္ေနရတဲ့ ဆင္းရဲခ်ိဳ႕တဲ့မႈေတြ ရိွေနရသလို၊ တစ္ျပိဳင္ထဲမွာပဲ နယ္စပ္ေဒသလို ေနရာေတြမွာျပင္းထန္တဲ့ပဋိပကၡ  ေတြရိွ ပါတယ္။

တျခားတစ္ဖက္ကိုၾကည့္ရင္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဟာ အရမ္းထူးျခားေကာင္းမြန္တဲ့ အဖိုးတန္ရတနာေတြရိွတဲ့ ႏိုင္ငံပါ။ ရုပ္ဝတၳဳရတနာေတြကိုပဲ ကၽြန္မေျပာေနတာ မဟုတ္ပါဘူး။ အဖိုးထိုက္ရတနာဆိုတာ ျမန္မာျပည္ပိုင္ ေပါၾကြယ္ဝတဲ့ သဘာဝ သယံဇာတေတြရိွသလို၊ လူသားအရင္းအျမစ္နဲ႔ စိတ္ပိုင္းဆိုင္ရာ ရတနာေတြ ရိွေနတာပါ။ ျမန္မာျပည္သူေတြရဲ႕ ႏွလံုးသာထဲမွ ကိန္းေအာင္းေနတဲ့ အဖိုးတန္ဆံုးရတနာတစ္ခုကို ကၽြန္မခံစားေနရပါတယ္။

၂၀၁၅ ခုႏွစ္ထဲမွာ ျမန္မာတစ္ႏိုင္ငံလံုးရဲ႕ တိုင္းနဲ႕ျပည္နယ္ ၁၄ ခုမွာ ၁၂ ခုေလာက္ ေရးလႊမ္မိုးမႈဒဏ္ကို ဆိုးဆိုးဝါးဝါးခံစားခဲ့ရခ်ိန္ ကၽြန္မရိွေနပါတယ္။ အဲ့ဒီ့အခ်ိန္မွာ လူၾကီးလူငယ္၊ ဆင္းရဲခ်မ္းသာ၊ က်ားမမေရြး လူတိုင္းေရွ႕ထြက္လာျပီး ဒုကၡေရာက္ေနသူေတြကို ကူညီဖို႔ၾကိဳးစားအားထုတ္ လာၾကပါတယ္။ အဲ့ဒီ့အခ်ိန္ဟာ အရမ္းအရမ္းကို စိတ္အားတက္ၾကြေစတဲ့ အခ်ိန္ျဖစ္သလို ျမန္မာလူမ်ိဳးရဲ႕ ေပးကမ္းလွဴဒါန္း ရက္ေရာတတ္တဲ့ စိတ္ေနစိတ္ထားကို ျမင္ေတြ႕ခဲ့ရျပီး၊ သည္တိုင္းျပည္ရဲ႕ အနာဂတ္ဟာ အင္မတန္ေတာက္ေျပာင္ေနမယ္ဆိုတာကို ကၽြန္မ ခိုင္ခုိင္မာမာခံစားခဲ့ရပါတယ္။

၂၀၁၅ ခုႏွစ္ထဲမွာ ျမန္မာတစ္ႏိုင္ငံလံုးရဲ႕ တိုင္းနဲ႕ျပည္နယ္ ၁၄ ခုမွာ ၁၂ ခုေလာက္ ေရးလႊမ္မိုးမႈဒဏ္ကို ဆိုးဆိုးဝါးဝါးခံစားခဲ့ရခ်ိန္ ကၽြန္မရိွေနပါတယ္။ အဲ့ဒီ့အခ်ိန္မွာ လူၾကီးလူငယ္၊ ဆင္းရဲခ်မ္းသာ၊ က်ားမမေရြး လူတိုင္းေရွ႕ထြက္လာျပီး ဒုကၡေရာက္ေနသူေတြကို ကူညီဖို႔ၾကိဳးစားအားထုတ္ လာၾကပါတယ္။ အဲ့ဒီ့အခ်ိန္ဟာ အရမ္းအရမ္းကို စိတ္အားတက္ၾကြေစတဲ့ အခ်ိန္ျဖစ္သလို ျမန္မာလူမ်ိဳးရဲ႕ ေပးကမ္းလွဴဒါန္း ရက္ေရာတတ္တဲ့ စိတ္ေနစိတ္ထားကို ျမင္ေတြ႕ခဲ့ရျပီး၊ သည္တိုင္းျပည္ရဲ႕ အနာဂတ္ဟာ အင္မတန္ေတာက္ေျပာင္ေနမယ္ဆိုတာကို ကၽြန္မ ခိုင္ခုိင္မာမာခံစားခဲ့ရပါတယ္။

အားလံုးသိၾကတဲ့ အတိုင္းပါပဲ အခုဆိုရင္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဟာ တိုင္းျပည္ကို ပိုေကာင္းမြန္ေအာင္ တည္ေဆာက္ေနတဲ့ အခ်ိန္ျဖစ္ျပီး၊ ထူးျခားတိုးတက္မႈေတြ ေဖာ္ေဆာင္ခဲ့ျပီးသလို္ ဆက္လက္လုပ္ေဆာင္စရာေတြ က်န္ေနပါေသးတယ္။ ကၽြန္မရဲ႕ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ဆုေတာင္းတာကေတာ့ ျပည္သူနဲ႔အစိုးရအေနရဲ႕ ႏိုင္ငံအတြက္ ေရွ႕ဆက္ေဆာင္ရြက္မႈေတြမွာ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး၊ ဖြံ႕ျဖိဳးတိုးတက္မႈ၊ ဒီမိုကေရစီအေရး၊ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရး၊ တရားမွ်တမႈနဲ႔ လူတိုင္းတန္းတူညီမွ်ျဖစ္ေရးေတြပါ။ ဒီလို ရက္ေရာေပးကမ္းမႈနဲ႔ ခ်စ္ျခင္းေမတၱာရိွမႈေတြဟာ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္တေလွ်ာက္ လႊမ္းျခံဳျပီး၊ လူတိုင္းပါဝင္ႏိုင္မႈ၊ ေလးစားမႈနဲ႔ တန္ဖိုးထားခံရမႈေတြကို ျဖစ္ေစမွာပါ။ ဒီလမ္းေၾကာင္းနဲ႔သာ ထူးျခားလွတဲ့ ျမန္မာျပည္ရဲ႕ အရမ္းေကာင္းမြန္တဲ့ အနာဂတ္ကို က်ိန္းေသရရိွႏိုင္မယ္လို႔ ကၽြန္မယံုၾကည္ပါတယ္။ ေနာက္ျပီး အခုလို သၾကၤန္အခ်ိန္အခါသမယဟာ တစ္ဦးတစ္ေယာက္စီတိုင္းအတြက္ ေပ်ာ္ရႊင္စရာ ပြဲေတာ္ျဖစ္ပါေစလို႔ ဆုေတာင္းေပးပါတယ္။

ႏွစ္သစ္ မဂၤလာပါ ျမန္မာျပည္။

ဂုဏ္ယူပါတယ္ ျမန္မာျပည္။

ေက်းဇူးတင္ပါတယ္။

Myanmar attains medium human development status

Myanmar attains medium human development status

Ye Khaung Nyunt, Global New Light of Myanmar

In a 2016 report on Human Development of the United Nations, Myanmar’s Human Development Index has moved up to rank 145 out of 188 countries, attaining medium human development status. The report was released by the UN Development Program yesterday at U Thant Hall in UNDP’s office, with representative Miss Renata Dessallien and financial consultant Thomas Caren speaking at the press conference.

According to the report, Myanmar’s Human Development Index (HDI) for 2016 reached 0.556, an increase from 0.536 in 2014 when it ranked 148 out of 188 countries.

However, Myanmar’s HDI remains below the average for East Asia and Pacific (0.720). It was attributed to the fact that
Myanmar is still performing below the average of Southeast Asia in such areas as maternal health and mortality rate for
children under five years of age. “We are pleased with the government and people of Myanmar for achieving to a medium
level of human development,” it was stated in the 2016 UNDP Report.

“The world is working for easy access to education, health and cleanliness for all with an additional focus on female empowerment and freedom from poverty. This increase in HDI is a sign that the world is heading in the right direction. This is a good predictor for Myanmar’s pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs),” stated Helen Clark of the UNDP Chief Administration Office.
The HDI measures not only economic growth, but also the quality of growth in terms of human development and human wellbeing.

Myanmar’s ability to achieve the SDGs is linked to its continued commitment to improve human development for its people, the report said. Almost 1.5 billion people, between 1990-2015 worldwide, lived in multidimensional poverty-reflecting acute deprivations in health, education and standards of living, according to the report. In the previous 25 years, 1.1 billion of the world’s population have better levels of sanitation and 1.6 billion now have access to clean water. The worldwide mortality rate of
children under 5 in the years between 1990-2016 has decreased by half. The report also stated medical cases concerning HIV,
malaria and tuberculosis has also decreased significantly.

Press Release

 Myanmar Reaches Medium Human Development Status

[Yangon – March 22] Myanmar has moved up the human development index (HDI), attaining Medium Human Development status and ranking 145 out of 188 countries.

Myanmar’s HDI rating was highlighted in the Human Development Report 2016, entitled ‘Human Development for Everyone’, released yesterday by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and launched today in Yangon.

“I congratulate the Government and people of Myanmar for successfully reaching the status of Medium Human Development, according to the HDI.  The HDI measures not only economic growth, but also the quality of growth in terms of human development and human wellbeing. Myanmar’s achievement comes from years of hard work and deserves our sincere admiration. This is a good predictor for Myanmar’s pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs),’’ said Renata Dessallien, the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator and UNDP Resident Representative.

Reaching Medium Human Development status is indeed significant as it documents the progress Myanmar has made in improving human development for its people. However, as the report also shows there is still a gap between Myanmar’s HDI score of 0.556 and the average for East Asia and Pacific (0.720).  For example, in areas such as maternal health and under five mortality, Myanmar is still performing below the average of South-East Asia. Myanmar’s under five mortality per 1,000 births is 53 compared to an average of 27.2, while the country’s maternal mortality per 100,000 births is 186 compared to an average of 110 for South-East Asia.

The report makes it clear that Myanmar’s ability to achieve the SDGs is intricately linked to its continued commitment to improve human development for its people. It clearly illustrates, any advancement depends on concerted efforts by the whole of government, communities and development partners.

“The world has come a long way in rolling back extreme poverty, in improving access to education, health and sanitation, and in expanding possibilities for women and girls. But those gains are a prelude to the next, possibly tougher challenge, to ensure the benefits of global progress reach everyone,” said UNDP Administrator Helen Clark, speaking at the launch of the Report in Stockholm yesterday alongside Swedish Prime Minister Stefan Löfven and the report’s lead author and Director of the Human Development Report Office, Selim Jahan.

The report makes clear that progress in the Asia and Pacific region has not benefited everyone. It shows that the disparities disproportionally impact certain groups particularly women, ethnic minorities and people living in remote areas who suffer deprivations.

Marginalized groups have limited opportunities to influence the institutions and policies that impact on their day to day lives. Changing this is central to breaking the vicious cycle of exclusion and deprivation.

To this end, the report calls for far greater attention to empowering the most marginalized in societies and recognizing the importance of giving a greater voice to the marginalized in decision-making processes.

The report also calls for a more refined analysis to inform actions and shift toward assessing progress in such areas as participation. Data disaggregated for characteristics such as place, gender, socioeconomic status, and ethnicity is vital to identifying who is being left behind, so that corrective policy measures may be taken to bridge the divide and disparity within societies in South-East Asia including Myanmar.

[Ends]

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UNDP Myanmar

Shobhna Decloitre/ Shobhna.decloitre@undp.org; 0925035158

 

ABOUT THIS REPORT: The Human Development Report is an editorially independent publication of the United Nations Development Programme. For free downloads of the 2016 Human Development Report, plus additional reference materials on its indices, please visit: http://hdr.undp.org

 

2016 Human Development Report http://report.hdr.undp.org/

 

Full press package in all UN official languages http://hdr.undp.org/en/2016-report/press

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Launch of the annual UNDP Human Development Report

Launch of the annual UNDP Human Development Report

Renata Lok Dessallien

(UN RC/HC and UNDP Resident Representative, Myanmar)

22 March 2017

Dear Friends from the Media,

Human development is about basic freedoms, freedoms to realize our human potential, our human development.

The human development index measures human progress against a set of representative benchmarks that go beyond mere GDP or other income or monetary measures of well being.

In essence it captures income, health and education dimensions of human wellbeing, reflecting fundamental human capabilities and freedoms needed to make meaningful choices for oneself and one’s families.

The HDI is therefore a richer, more well-rounded, more meaningful measure of human progress than GDP or income alone.

Over the past 25 years, significant progress has been made in improving human development around the world.  The quality of people’s lives overall, on average, have improved markedly:

  • A billion people have escaped from extreme poverty;
  • 1 billion gained access to improved sanitation;
  • More than 2.6 billion gained access to improved drinking water:
  • The global under-five mortality rate more than halved between 1990-2016;
  • The incidence of HIV, malaria and TB declined;
  • And progress was made in other areas as well.

Yet despite this progress, there remain large numbers of people for whom poverty eradication is a distant dream, who continue to suffer very basic deprivations and who face substantial barriers to overcoming them.

The global Human Development Report this year provides insight into how the human development approach can help address the needs to those who have been left be out of mainstream global progress, the marginalized, the most vulnerable, the “have-nots”.  This is in perfect synch with the Sustainable Development Goal lite motif of “leaving no one behind”.

The report discusses a range of policy options that could contribute significantly to achieving the goal of human development for all, and leaving no one behind.

The report also highlights other complementarities between the human development approach and the SDGs.  For example, it stresses that :

– the human development approach is underscored by a clear analytical framework that could enrich the 17 SDGs by providing conceptual clarity;

– The areas of focus of the HD approach and SDGs are very similar;

– The preoccupation with sustainability is central to both HD and the SDGs;

– And, not surprisingly, the policy options for promoting greater HD are closely linked to achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and the 2030 Agenda.

 

Now let me say a few words about Myanmar’s human development progress.

This year’s HDR shows that Myanmar continued to make progress in its HDI score.

The value of the country’s HDI in this year’s report is 0.556 (2015 data) compared to the previous report when it was 0.552 in (2014 data).

Over the past five years the country’s score grew by 5.7 per cent.

The higher value means that Myanmar is now 145 in the overall ranking out of 188 countries.

The improvement in score and ranking are in themselves very positive news.

However, the higher score also means that Myanmar has moved from the category of Low Human Development to Medium Human Development.

The achievement of reaching Medium Human Development status is significant. It documents the progress Myanmar has made in improving human development for its people.  The Government and people of Myanmar should be applauded for this.

At the same time, we cannot forget that there remains a gap between Myanmar’s HDI score and the average for South-East Asian countries. For example, in areas such as maternal health and under five mortality Myanmar is still performing below the average of South-East Asia.

The legacy of Myanmar’s under-investment in the social sectors will take time to overcome and extra efforts are required for this.

Also, the country is not gaining relative to the regional HDI average and only gaining marginally relative to the global average for developing countries overall. This means that much more needs to be done if the country is to catch up with other countries in the region and around the world.

So, while I wish to warmly congratulate the Government and people of Myanmar for achieving Medium HDI status, I also urge the Government to do more to accelerate human development for all so that people’s wellbeing across the country improves more quickly and, with that, the SDGs journey is accelerated.

This requires a range of policy decisions, budgetary allocations, institutional follow through, and it includes tackling some of the recent economic challenges that have emerged.

All this is more than possible with concerted effort, the active participation of all national actors, and support from development partners.

The United Nations System is supporting the people and Government of Myanmar toward  human development for all and will continue to do so.

Target hate speech and hate crimes, Zeid urges States

Target hate speech and hate crimes, Zeid urges States

Statement by UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein
International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination, 21 March 2017

GENEVA (20 March 2017) – The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is an annual reminder to us all to do more to combat racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia, hate speech and hate crimes.

But 21 March needs to be more than a reminder. People of African descent continue to be victims of racist hate crimes and racism in all areas of life.  Anti-Semitism continues to rear its ugly head from the US to Europe to the Middle East and beyond. Muslim women wearing headscarves face increasing verbal, and even physical, abuse in a number of countries. In Latin America, indigenous peoples continue to endure stigmatization, including in the media.

The dangers of demonising particular groups are evident across the world. Xenophobic riots and violence targeting immigrants have recently flared again in South Africa.  In South Sudan, polarised ethnic identities – stoked by hate speech – have brought the country to the brink of all-out ethnic war. In Myanmar, the Rohingya Muslim community, long denigrated as “illegal immigrants,” have suffered appalling violations.

And across the world, the politics of division and the rhetoric of intolerance are targeting racial, ethnic, linguistic and religious minorities, and migrants and refugees. Words of fear and loathing can, and do, have real consequences.  

UK Government statistics showed a sharp increase in reported hate crime in the weeks following the 23 June 2016 referendum on the UK’s membership of the European Union, in which immigration was a dominant issue.

FBI figures indicated a rise in hate crimes nationwide in 2015, a year when the US presidential election campaign – a campaign that often focused on the supposed threats posed by migrants, Hispanics and Muslims – began in earnest.  Data collected by the Southern Poverty Law Center indicates that migrants, African-Americans were the most affected by hate crimes in the immediate aftermath of the election, although full data for 2016 is not yet available.

In Germany in 2016, there were approximately 10 attacks a day on migrants and refugees, a rise of 42 per cent on 2015. Cases of reported hate crimes increased more than three-fold in Spain from 2012, reaching 1,328 in 2015.  Italy saw reported hate crimes rise from 71 to 555 in 2015; Finland experienced a doubling of reported hate crimes from 2014 to 2015, when 1,704 incidents were reported.

These figures paint a partial picture of the situation in the respective countries but there are many States that do not collect data on racist hate crimes, leaving the true extent of the problem obscured. Tackling racism and xenophobia begins with understanding the scope of the problem. I encourage States to do more to collect disaggregated data, including on the basis of race and ethnicity, so they can monitor trends, understand causes and design and implement targeted action to bring about real change.

This day reminds us that States have no excuse for allowing racism and xenophobia to fester, much less flourish. They have the legal obligation to prohibit and eliminate racial discrimination, to guarantee the right of everyone, no matter their race, colour, national or ethnic origin, to equality before the law.

States should adopt legislation expressly prohibiting racist hate speech, including the dissemination of ideas based on racial superiority or hatred, incitement to racial discrimination, and threats or incitement to violence. It is not an attack on free speech or the silencing of controversial ideas or criticism, but a recognition that the right to freedom of expression carries with it special duties and responsibilities.  

We face a world where discriminatory practices are still widespread. But it is not the time for despair.

Equality bodies and national human rights institutions in many countries work to prevent and combat discrimination. Some law enforcement agencies are incorporating human rights standards into their actions, not just because they are legally obliged to, but because it leads to more effective policing. Similarly, education and healthcare professionals, as well as good employers, are tackling the racial, ethnic and religious prejudices and profiling that exist in their sectors. Progress here needs to continue, including through affirmative action, training and representation of ethnic and racial minorities.

The UN has launched several initiatives to fight racism and xenophobia, including “Together” which promotes respect, safety and dignity for refugees and migrants, “Let’s Fight Racism”, and the International Decade for People of African Descent.

My Office, the UN Human Rights Office, is asking people around the world to “Stand Up for Someone’s Rights Today”.  And, around the world, that is exactly what many people are doing. Taking a stand against discrimination, no matter where it happens.

ENDS

For more information and media requests, please contact Rupert Colville (+41 22 917 9767 / rcolville@ohchr.org) or Ravina Shamdasani (+41 22 917 9169 / rshamdasani@ohchr.org) or Liz Throssell (+41 22 917 9466 / ethrossell@ohchr.org)

*The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination was established in remembrance of the 69 unarmed and peaceful South African protestors who were killed in Sharpeville, South Africa on 21 March 1960—an event which inspired people around the world to act to end the racist apartheid regime.

The UN Human Rights Office is running a global campaign called “Stand Up for Someone’s Rights Today.” The campaign aims to galvanize everyone – private sector, governments, individuals, civil society – to play an active role in standing up to defend the human rights of all, at a time when these hard-won rights and freedoms are facing increasing pressures across the world.  Find out more here: http://www.standup4humanrights.org

Tag and share – Twitter: @UNHumanRights and Facebook: unitednationshumanrights

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein highlights current major human rights issues in more than 40 countries around the world in an address at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, 8 March 2017

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Zeid Ra’ad Al Hussein highlights current major human rights issues in more than 40 countries around the world in an address at the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva, 8 March 2017

Distinguished President of the Human Rights Council, Excellencies, Colleagues and Friends,

“We the peoples, determined to reaffirm faith… in the equal rights of men and women” – taken from the Preamble of the UN Charter. Today we celebrate the courage and strength of women’s movements, all over the world, in pursuit of equality. The rights to education, to work, to the vote – above all, to make their own decisions. Their achievements have been momentous, and the movement is an extraordinary one, as was demonstrated by the marches of the 21st of January. I salute their efforts, especially given the scale of challenges women still face around the world, which I have addressed in a statement I have issued for International Women’s Day. I trust all delegations will give it close attention.

Mr President,

I would like to begin my statement by highlighting a number of countries where, despite very different human rights situations, I am happy to commend certain trends.

In The Gambia, I applaud the principled actions of members of ECOWAS in supporting a peaceful conclusion to the Presidential election in December, at a time when so many other world leaders seem determined to remain in power at any cost. After years of repression of civil society, opposition parties and the media, incoming President Adama Barrow has publicly committed to upholding human rights in a broad range of reforms, including his decision for Gambia to remain a party to the International Criminal Court and his commitment to establish a Truth and Reconciliation Commission.


In Uzbekistan, after years of pervasive human rights violations, and under incoming President Mirziyoyev, a series of laws have been drafted and approved in line with recommendations by UN human rights mechanisms. Most recently, in October, a decree on judicial and legal reform laid out conditions for fair trial, due process and judicial independence. Implementation of these laws will be the key to ensuring positive developments for all the people of the country. Among other prisoners who have been released, Muhammad Bekjanov, one of the world’s longest-jailed journalists, was freed two weeks ago after 18 years in prison, many spent in solitary confinement.


I commend Tunisia’s continued efforts to place human rights at the centre of its transition and its exemplary cooperation with my Country Office. Particularly noteworthy is the government’s commitment to draft and push forward progressive laws on racial discrimination and on violence against women, which will mark an important improvement in access to justice for many victims. In a very challenging security situation, Tunisia’s willingness to integrate human rights into counter-terrorism operations demonstrates that the effective cooperation of member states with my Office – including when responding to security threats – is not only possible but beneficial to all.


And in Greece two weeks ago, President Pavlopoulos visited a refugee centre and told children from Iraq, Syria and Afghanistan, “We welcome you. You are a part of us, and you will stay here as long as necessary, until the nightmare of war is over.” In a continent of great wealth which appears determined to return large numbers of migrants, even to conditions which may be very dangerous, that statement – which expresses what should be universal, basic compassion – is all the more remarkable for coming from a country which is suffering economic hardship.


Mr President,


This past year has witnessed considerable bloodshed at the hands of extremist and terrorist groups, and I take this opportunity to once again strongly condemn all such violence, in every instance.


My statement today will not detail the human rights situations in Afghanistan, Colombia, Cyprus, Guatemala, Guinea, Honduras, Libya, Sri Lanka, Syria, Ukraine or Yemen, since the Council will receive specific briefings from my Office during this session and in the High-Level Panel on Syria next week.


As you are aware, my Office has faced difficulty obtaining access to a number of regions. In September, I raised this issue with the Council, highlighting among others Ethiopia, Syria, Turkey’s south-east region, Venezuela, and both sides of the Line of Control, in India-Administered Jammu and Kashmir, and Pakistan-Administered Kashmir. In several areas where we have received indications of severe violations, and where access continues to be refused, my Office has begun remote monitoring, and fact-finding missions to neighbouring countries – reports which we intend to make public, and I will report on this further in June.


Mr President,


Last month I issued a very disturbing report on the alarming scale and severity of operations by the Myanmar security forces against Rohingya men, women and children in Rakhine State. These operations began in October, after a reported attack by armed assailants on three border guard facilities. Myanmar denied access to my Office, so our report stemmed from a mission by my Office to Bangladesh – where some 73,000 Rohingya refugees have fled. It found material evidence and corroborated eyewitness accounts of mass killings, including babies, children and elderly people unable to flee, and the burning of entire villages; shooting; massive detention; systematic rape and sexual violence; and deliberate destruction of food and sources of food. It appears that what has been termed by the security forces a “counter-insurgency operation” is in reality aimed at expelling the Rohingya population from Myanmar altogether,  as the Special Rapporteur has said.


The severity of the reported violations, against a backdrop of severe and longstanding persecution, appears to me to amount to possible commission of crimes against humanity, which warrants the attention of the International Criminal Court. I therefore urge the Council, at minimum, to establish a Commission of Inquiry into the violence against the Rohingya, particularly during security operations since 9 October 2016. I reiterate our standing request to open an OHCHR office in the country.


In the Philippines, over 7000 people have reportedly been killed since the anti-drug campaign was launched by the President last July. I am gravely concerned about this. Statements by the President have appeared to encourage the extrajudicial killings of people suspected of involvement in the drug trade – including his own admission that he personally engaged in killing suspected criminals while Mayor of Davao. This dangerous path may lead to deepening violence, and I call for a prompt, independent and credible investigation into all killings.


The recent arrest of long-standing human rights defender Senator Leila de Lima, who has pursued investigations into extrajudicial killings, gives rise to concerns that people who seek justice will be prosecuted – perhaps even persecuted. Plans for a law to lower the minimum age of criminal responsibility to nine years old also demonstrate stark disregard for the State’s obligations under international law.


In Cambodia, the pre-electoral period has featured a host of charges and threats against members of opposition parties and people exercising freedom of expression. Amendments to the Law on Political Parties, which were recently passed by Parliament without public consultation, permit indefinite de facto suspension of parties without due process, and fall far below human rights standards for freedom of association. The arbitrary pre-trial detention of human rights defenders from the Cambodia Human Rights and Development Association, ADHOC, has now surpassed 10 months, with no trial in sight. Recent crackdowns on drug users and traffickers, and continued roundups of people living or working on the streets, have meant thousands of people are now detained in inadequate conditions, many without benefit of due process. I stress that credible elections must be grounded in guarantees that courts will be independent and impartial, and that the freedoms of expression, peaceful assembly and association will be protected.


The Government of China has stated its intention to play a leadership role in this Council. Thus far China has performed remarkably in lifting hundreds of millions of its people out of poverty in the past 30 years, and in investing in universal health care, quality education and protection of the elderly. China’s stated commitment to the rule of law is also welcome, especially when it is consistent with international human rights standards. This should include respect for the role of human rights defenders. I deplore the intimidation and detention of lawyers and activists who seek the good of their community and nation. I am also disturbed by cases of restrictions on cultural and religious rights, particularly in Xinjiang and Tibet, and I will continue to reach out to China for an effective dialogue on important human rights issues.


I continue to be profoundly alarmed by incoming reports of extremely severe violations being suffered by the people of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. This urgently needs to change. I look forward to studying the report of the Group of Independent Experts. I also welcome the DPRK’s accession to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, and hope it leads to deeper engagement with the mechanisms.


Turning to Iran, I deplore the Government’s restrictions on freedom of religion and belief, and the harmful practice of child marriage, which remains legal and pervasive throughout the country. I note, following engagement with the Government, the recent halt of imminent executions of two juveniles, but at least 80 remain on death row. The majority of death sentences are for drug-related offences, which do not meet the threshold of “most serious crimes”. In the past two months, 116 executions have reportedly taken place, and in 2016 over 530 people were reportedly put to death.


Currently, over 80 percent of Member States have ceased putting people to death, either formally or with informal moratoria. Iran is among the four countries responsible for almost 90 percent of the executions carried out around the world; the others are China – where the number of executions is reportedly in the thousands every year; Saudi Arabia; and Pakistan – which in December 2014 stripped back the moratorium previously established, and resumed capital punishment. Bahrain, The Gambia, Indonesia, Jordan and Kuwait have also recently retreated from formal or informal commitments to moratoria on the death penalty. I deeply regret these retrograde trends, and also the stated intention of the Maldives, Papua New Guinea, Turkey and – as we saw yesterday – the Philippines to reinstate capital punishment. On the other hand, Togo, the Dominican Republic and São Tomé and Principe have all ratified and acceded to the Second Optional Protocol of the ICCPR.


Mr President,


In Turkey, bombs and other shocking terrorist attacks against civilians continue to claim lives, which I condemn, and I fully understand the authorities are operating in a challenging environment in many respects. However, I am concerned measures taken under the state of emergency appear to target criticism, not terrorism. The fact that tens of thousands of people have been dismissed, arrested, detained or prosecuted following the attempted coup – including numerous democratically elected representatives, judges and journalists – raises serious alarm about due process guarantees being met. It will be particularly crucial for the credibility of April’s referendum on amending the Constitution that space for open debate, free of intimidation, be guaranteed.


The human rights situation in south-east Turkey remains deeply troubling. Without access to the area, the remote monitoring procedure engaged by my Office has established credible indications of hundreds of deaths, suggesting disproportionate security measures in response to violent attacks. A report detailing this and other indications of serious violations will be released soon.


While recognising the heroic efforts by many actors in the Mediterranean to save lives at sea, I am very concerned at increasing calls within the European Union to establish extraterritorial processing centres or camps in North Africa and elsewhere, and to engage external actors in migration issues, with little regard for human rights. For example, migrants apprehended at sea by the Libyan Coast Guard or similar agencies may be put at risk of further violence. I reiterate the importance of abiding by the principle that people must not be sent back to countries where they may face torture, persecution or threats to their life. Many ordinary people in Europe have welcomed and supported migrants, but political leaders increasingly demonstrate a chilling indifference to their fate. I am particularly disturbed by lurid public narratives which appear deliberately aimed at stirring up public fear and panic, by depicting these vulnerable people as criminal invading hordes.


Last week Hungary’s Prime Minister reportedly declared that “ethnic homogeneity” is key for economic success. No society is homogenous, least of all in Central Europe, and these toxic notions of so-called ethnic purity hark back to an era in which many people suffered atrociously, Hungarians included. Yesterday, the Hungarian Parliament passed a bill requiring all migrants to be transported to an area outside the country’s border fence. All asylum-seekers would be held in detention in this same area for the entire duration of the country’s asylum procedure, which falls far short of international norms. As is also the case in Poland, the Hungarian Government has continued to undermine civil society and judges, and increase government influence over the media. In both countries, legislative changes have curbed the independence of Constitutional Courts.


In other EU Member States, including the United Kingdom and France, judicial institutions traditionally accorded wide respect have been subjected to deep criticism, and in some cases abuse. I am concerned about a future trend in this direction which may compromise their independent functioning.


Turning to the Russian Federation, I am concerned the Federal Law on Combatting Extremist Activity may have been arbitrarily used to curb freedom of expression, including political dissent, as well as freedom of religion, due to a vague and open-ended definition of extremist activity. Harsher penalties for offenses related to extremism have also been introduced. This may have a chilling effect on the functioning of civil society at large. I continue to urge the repeal of the “foreign agents” law, which is damaging to the activities of civil society and, I believe, to society as a whole. I also deplore last month’s legislation to decriminalise violence within the family if it results in “minor harm “. Domestic violence is no different from other forms of violence in requiring appropriate responses from the criminal justice system.


Mr President,


I deplore the violence and destruction in South Sudan, where famine is spreading. As the First Vice President reminded me last week, the country was born out of a desire for human rights – but with people from more tribes, across an increasingly wider swathe of the country, becoming affected by atrocities and engaging in the conflict, that idea has been betrayed. The opposing forces – including the national army – have repeatedly engaged in alleged war crimes, including killings, rape and sexual violence, extortion, disappearances, pillage, and the burning of houses. It is essential to establish adequate accountability for these crimes. I am concerned about heavy-handed repression of freedom of expression, arbitrary arrests, and detention without trial, without access by UNMISS. Threats were issued against civil society representatives who met with the Security Council mission in our Juba premises last September.


My Office recently reported a number of severe human rights violations in the Kasais and Lomani provinces of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. I commend the swift action taken by the Government to begin processes of investigation and accountability in some of the alleged killings attributed to soldiers, and offer the assistance of my Office. In light of recurrent reports of grave violations and the recent discovery of three more mass graves, I urge the Council establish a Commission of Inquiry to look into these allegations. My Office will be closely watching judicial developments in regard to actions by security forces which led to the deaths of more than 100 people in September and December. There has been no meaningful progress in the context of the political agreement of 31 December which resulted from the commendable mediation efforts of the National Council of Bishops.

In Burundi, I am concerned that the democratic space has now been virtually extinguished. Grave human rights violations and abuses by security forces and the Imbonerakure militia continue to be reported, including increasing allegations of enforced disappearances, torture and mass arbitrary arrests. The recent decision to free up to 2,500 detainees is a positive sign, but hundreds of people remain in jail because of their real or perceived opposition to the Government. Following the release of the report by the UN Independent Investigation on Burundi in September 2016, the Government of Burundi suspended its cooperation with my Office in Burundi pending ongoing review of our MOU.

I am deeply troubled by the serious deterioration of the human rights situation in the northern and central regions of Mali, including Mopti and Segou. Extremist groups continue their brutal oppression, including targeted killings and summary executions, sexual violence, and attacks on schools, forcing thousands of people to flee the area. It is essential that counter-terrorism operations conducted by all national and international forces be carried out in accordance with international human rights law and international humanitarian law. Whenever such operations violate human rights, they weaken their support base in the population – and this can only strengthen the extremist groups. Rising attacks against humanitarian convoys and representatives of national and international organisations are also deeply worrying, as they may deprive these regions of essential services. There is a serious need to ensure accountability for these and other human rights violations committed in the area.


Mr President.


In the Occupied Palestinian Territory, after half a century of Israeli occupation, with the degradation of another people which it brings, the accumulation of despair is widespread. Pervasive discrimination deprives Palestinians of their basic rights. I have repeatedly called for an end to the prolonged detention without trial of large numbers of detainees. Despite Security Council resolution 2334, the Israeli government has authorised over 5500 new settlement units in the Occupied Palestinian Territory since the beginning of the year. Last month the Knesset passed a law “legalising” under Israeli law outposts built on land owned by Palestinians. This amounts to the confiscation of private property, and contravenes international law. Israel’s blockade of Gaza, which amounts to collective punishment, continues to deprive people of access to even basic goods and services. And while I repeat my alarm over unguided rockets sporadically fired by Palestinian armed groups from populated areas toward civilian areas in Israel – which are violations of international humanitarian law – I am similarly concerned that Israeli responses often do not meet the principles of distinction, proportionality, and precaution. Such policies cannot lay the ground for the peace and security which all Israelis, and all Palestinians, have a right to expect.


In the State of Palestine, my Office is also concerned that both the Palestinian Authority and the authorities in Gaza have increased use of administrative and arbitrary detention, with increasing allegations of torture and ill-treatment in both the West Bank and Gaza against political opponents, journalists and activists. In Gaza, courts continue to pronounce death sentences, and executions are carried out in violation of Palestinian policy. You will receive a more comprehensive briefing later during this session.

The conflict in Iraq continues to cause large numbers of civilian casualties and deaths. My Office and UNAMI receive daily reports of ISIL atrocities against civilians, including against people attempting to flee from areas under ISIL control. In areas retaken by Government forces from ISIL, at least 20 mass grave sites have been identified since October 2016 and in light of the grave crimes committed in Iraq, including war crimes and crimes against humanity, I urge that all such evidence of potential violations be collected and documented. With regards to the operations conducted in Mosul, the Iraqi Government is making efforts to adhere to the principles of international humanitarian law. I urge the Government to continue to monitor the conduct of Iraqi security forces. It is also essential that the Government amend the Criminal Code to ensure domestic courts have jurisdiction over international crimes. I further encourage extensive dialogue within and between communities to rebuild mutual trust and support national reconciliation. My Office is eager to assist the Government to build national justice institutions which can meet the very challenging issues it faces, including the need to re-establish law enforcement and rule of law in areas recaptured from ISIL.  

In Egypt, civil society, human rights defenders, journalists and media professionals are being methodically silenced by arrests, prosecutions, travel bans, closure orders and severely punitive financial measures. I particularly regret the recent compulsory closure of a centre renowned for its care for victims and survivors of torture and violence. The escalation of violence against military and civilian targets in the Sinai by armed groups affiliated with ISIS, and clashes with security forces, have resulted in hundreds of civilian casualties, and have sparked a worrying displacement from the area. My Office has received reports of alleged enforced disappearances, and torture and ill-treatment of detainees. I urge the authorities to recognise that, as in all countries facing security challenges and violent extremism, depriving people of their rights will not make the State safer, but more unstable.


In Bahrain, the Government has imposed increasing restrictions on civil society and political groups since June 2016, including intimidation, arrests and interrogations, travel bans and closure orders. I repeat that this repression will not eliminate people’s grievances; it will increase them. I am deeply concerned over the increasing levels of human rights violations in the Kingdom. I call on the Government of Bahrain to undertake concrete confidence building measures, including allowing my Office and Special Procedures mandate holders to swiftly conduct visits.


Mr President,


I am increasingly concerned about the extreme polarisation in Venezuela, with continued restrictions on the freedoms of movement, association, expression and peaceful protest. I am also disturbed by the lack of independence of rule of law and national human rights institutions. My Office continues to receive reports of arbitrary detention and intimidation of opposition leaders, and I repeat my calls for the release of all political detainees, many of whom we believe were detained arbitrarily. As the economic and social crisis in Venezuela deepens, we have received reports of a marked increase in Venezuelans arriving in neighbouring countries, and I urge authorities to ensure appropriate support. Shortages of medicine and food across the country, and spiralling prices, are severely affecting economic and social rights. I welcome mediation efforts by the Vatican, and encourage further respect of human rights as a common ground for resuming political dialogue.


In the United States of America, I am concerned by the new Administration’s handling of a number of human rights issues. Greater and more consistent leadership is needed to address the recent surge in discrimination, anti-Semitism, and violence against ethnic and religious minorities. Vilification of entire groups such as Mexicans and Muslims, and false claims that migrants commit more crimes than US citizens, are harmful and fuel xenophobic abuses. I am dismayed at attempts by the President to intimidate or undermine journalists and judges. I am also concerned about new immigration policies that ban admission of people from six predominantly Muslim countries for 90 days, as well as policies which greatly expand the number of migrants at immediate risk of deportation – without regard for years spent in the US or family roots. These threaten to vastly increase use of detention, including of children. Expedited deportations could amount to collective expulsions and refoulement, in breach of international law, if undertaken without due process guarantees, including individual assessment. I am especially disturbed by the potential impact of these changes on children, who face being detained, or may see their families torn apart.


Across many parts of Central and Latin America, people engaged in defending land rights and the environment from extractive industries and development projects face acute danger, including murder and violent attacks. Among them are numerous leaders of indigenous communities, whose civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights continue to be widely abused throughout the region, despite adoption of the American Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples last year. No development projects should be financed without extensive public deliberation and consultation with the directly affected communities that is free from intimidation.


Widespread criminal violence in the region, compounded by shortcomings in the judicial system, and in security operations, have severe and deadly impact in prison administration. In Brazil, gang violence killed more than 100 detainees in a two-week period this January. In Haiti, more than 40 detainees died in the past two months as a result of poor health-care and nutrition. Combatting severe overcrowding and parallel systems of governance within prisons are among key human rights recommendations that need to be urgently addressed.


Mr President,


2017 may be a pivotal year in many respects. Will the vicious attacks by terrorist groups thrust governments deeper into security-heavy responses, further heightening the likelihood of abuses, at the expense of human rights? And will the populists continue to reap the rewards of stoked-up fear and disillusionment?  Together with other authoritarian-minded leaders, will they tip the international system over the edge?  Or will there be enough people who realise clearly and deeply what is at stake – who see the entire rights-based system is under attack – and reverse the centrifugal forces which threaten to break apart international and regional institutions? Will they strengthen the centripetal forces the 2030 Agenda so desperately needs, to put an end to extreme poverty and benefit all societies?


The work in this Council, on this stage, or through the UN, can only be meaningful if it reflects accurately the space beyond it, and then changes those conditions for the better. And out there, 2017 will begin to answer for us the question, so simple, and yet filled with such power and consequence: will we continue to work together to improve the lot of all? Or do we, for various narrower reasons, begin to take leave of the multilateral approach? The question would then seem to be, Mr. President: are we all together – or do we fall together?


I thank you very much.


ENDS


For more information and
media requests, please contact Rupert Colville (+41 22 917 9767 / rcolville@ohchr.org) or Ravina Shamdasani (+41 22 917 9169 / rshamdasani@ohchr.org)

The Secretary-General – Written message on International Women’s Day

The Secretary-General

Written message on International Women’s Day

New York, 8 March 2017

Women’s rights are human rights. But in these troubled times, as our world becomes more unpredictable and chaotic, the rights of women and girls are being reduced, restricted and reversed.

Empowering women and girls is the only way to protect their rights and make sure they can realize their full potential.

Historic imbalances in power relations between men and women, exacerbated by growing inequalities within and between societies and countries, are leading to greater discrimination against women and girls. Around the world, tradition, cultural values and religion are being misused to curtail women’s rights, to entrench sexism and defend misogynistic practices.

Women’s legal rights, which have never been equal to men’s on any continent, are being eroded further. Women’s rights over their own bodies are questioned and undermined.  Women are routinely targeted for intimidation and harassment in cyberspace and in real life. In the worst cases, extremists and terrorists build their ideologies around the subjugation of women and girls and single them out for sexual and gender-based violence, forced marriage and virtual enslavement.

Despite some improvements, leadership positions across the board are still held by men, and the economic gender gap is widening, thanks to outdated attitudes and entrenched male chauvinism. We must change this, by empowering women at all levels, enabling their voices to be heard and giving them control over their own lives and over the future of our world.

Denying the rights of women and girls is not only wrong in itself; it has a serious social and economic impact that holds us all back. Gender equality has a transformative effect that is essential to fully functioning communities, societies and economies.

Women’s access to education and health services has benefits for their families and communities that extend to future generations. An extra year in school can add up to 25 per cent to a girl’s future income.

When women participate fully in the labour force, it creates opportunities and generates growth. Closing the gender gap in employment could add $12 trillion to global GDP by 2025. Increasing the proportion of women in public institutions makes them more representative, increases innovation, improves decision-making and benefits whole societies.

Gender equality is central to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the global plan agreed by leaders of all countries to meet the challenges we face. Sustainable Development Goal 5 calls specifically for gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls, and this is central to the achievement of all the 17 SDGs.

I am committed to increasing women’s participation in our peace and security work. Women negotiators increase the chances of sustainable peace, and women peacekeepers decrease the chances of sexual exploitation and abuse.

Within the UN, I am establishing a clear road map with benchmarks to achieve gender parity across the system, so that our Organization truly represents the people we serve.  Previous targets have not been met. Now we must move from ambition to action.

On International Women’s Day, let us all pledge to do everything we can to overcome entrenched prejudice, support engagement and activism, and promote gender equality and women’s empowerment.

Opium cultivation in Shan State Myanmar is concentrated in areas with poor security, says UNODC

Opium cultivation in Shan State Myanmar is concentrated in areas with poor security, says UNODC

Yangon (Myanmar), 3 March 2017 – Stable governance and good security conditions have a considerable impact on the decision of farmers to cultivate opium poppy, according to a report released today by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) at the National Reconciliation and Peace Centre (NRPC). The report titled “Evidence for Enhancing Resilience to Opium Poppy Cultivation in Shan State – Implications for Alternative Development, Peace and Stability” is the first of its kind dedicated to Shan State, highlighting reasons farmers engage in the opium economy, as well as some implications for Myanmar’s ongoing peace process.  

A total of 591 villages in 39 opium poppy growing townships in Shan State were surveyed for the report, and the findings show that while many factors affect farmers’ decisions regarding whether or not to cultivate opium poppy – including the condition of infrastructure and access to markets for other goods – governance and security considerations are significant factors. On average, fewer opium poppy villages are in areas under government control (76 per cent) than non-opium poppy villages (88 per cent). At the same time, more opium producing villages have the perception of being “unsafe” or “very unsafe” (11 per cent) than in non-opium poppy villages (2 per cent).

The governance and security connection is also found in other parts of the world where illicit crops are cultivated on a large scale, and where isolation, and ethnic and other conflicts impact public safety, the economy and opportunity. In this respect, the ongoing peace process may over time bring improvements to governance and security, which can have a tangible impact on local communities and reduce the need to engage in opium poppy cultivation.

“The connection of conflict and poppy cultivation means that interventions will need to take into account mitigation or resolution. Depending on the context, this may mean that strategies and programmes to help households and communities move away from the opium economy may also need to address some causes and consequences of conflict,” said Mr. Jeremy Douglas, UNODC Regional Representative, Southeast Asia and the Pacific. “This is particularly relevant for the ongoing peace process and cease-fire commitment to stop drug production and trafficking in the conflict areas of Shan State where the majority of opium cultivation takes place”.

“Villages not engaged in opium poppy cultivation typically have better access to government services and perceptions of safety and security,” said Pol. Brigadier General Kyaw Win, Joint Secretary of Central Committee for Drug Abuse Control (CCDAC). “Opium poppy cultivation often happens in villages that are isolated and that cannot get other products to market. We need to expand our work with development partners like UNODC to scale-up sustainable alternative development programmes to reach more communities.”

The report also confirms the importance of opium poppy to the economy of Shan State. About 1 in 10 households in the villages surveyed are directly involved in opium poppy cultivation, with many depending on money earned from poppy for food and basic essentials.

“The report really illustrates the complexity of the challenge”, said Mr. Douglas. “In addition to considering the political and security dimension, well thought out development responses will need to be supported to ensure the move towards alternative livelihoods and the legal economy is sustainable.”

The issue of land title is also significant as farmers that own land were found to be less involved in opium poppy cultivation.  

The report helps establish a unique evidence base to understand the needs of opium poppy and non-opium poppy villages in Shan and Myanmar, and it is expected that it will help as a foundation for national plans and development programmes.

“Further field work is needed to understand what is happening and why, and how we can progress towards sustainable development outside the illegal economy”, said Mr. Troels Vester, UNODC Country Manager in Myanmar. He added, “the data from our village surveys can be used as powerful evidence for analysis, but is also being used as the basis for programmes we are in discussions with the government about scaling up, and can be helpful for other development partners as they consider how to help the country.”

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For further information, please contact:

Mr. Chandu Bhandari
Regional Adviser
UNODC Regional Office for Southeast Asia and the Pacific
chandu.bhandari@unodc.org
Tel: +66 96 602 8361

Ms. Jacqueline Pee Gyaw
UNODC Myanmar
jacqueline.peegyaw@unodc.org
Tel: (+95-1) 9666903, 9660556, 9660538, 9660398 ext: 215