Author Archives: Aye Win

Message from His Excellency U Htin Kyaw, President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, to the United Nations on its 72nd Anniversary

Message from His Excellency U Htin Kyaw, President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, to the United Nations on its 72nd Anniversary

(Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar, 24 October 2017)


Global New Light of Myanmar


On this auspicious occasion of the 72nd Anniversary of the United Nations Day, I have the great pleasure to congratulate the United Nations and offer our best wishes for the Organization’s continued success in striving towards world’s peace and equitable and sustainable development for all.

The United Nations was established in 1945 with the aims of maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, and creating a free, just and democratic society. The Organization should always be mindful of these noble aims and focus on cooperation and consultations in resolving the world’s conflicts in a peaceful way.

The world today is significantly different from the time when the United Nations was founded over seven decades ago. However, the fundamental principles of the United Nations Charter remain valid today serving as a useful guidelines for all member States in promoting world peace and stability. Yet, the United Nations is in need of speedy reform to reflect the changing circumstances and to make the Organization more effective.

Ever since becoming a member state of the UN, Myanmar places cooperation with the United Nations as a corner stone of its foreign policy. The Government of Myanmar takes this opportunity to reaffirm its faith in the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. Myanmar will continue to work together with United Nations in its national endeavors, especially for uplifting of socio-economic development of its people.

The theme of 72nd Anniversary of the United Nations Day is “Focusing on people – Striving for peace and a decent life for all on a sustainable planet”. The theme gives us a further impetus to our efforts for ongoing processes of peace and reconciliation, democratization, promotion and protection of human rights and economic development. I hope that in accordance with the theme, the United Nations will be able to enhance its support to the peoples of the Member States in their nation building and development efforts in line with the host country’s priorities, adhering to their basic principles and code of ethics.

As an expression of its commitment to sustainable conservation of environment, Myanmar has recently deposited with the UN Secretary-General the Instrument of Ratification of the Paris Agreement to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the Instrument of Accession to the Doha Amendment to the Kyoto Protocol. Moreover, Myanmar has also ratified the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR) on 6 October 2017 reflecting its strong commitment to promoting and protecting of human rights and respecting fundamental rights of an individual.

Myanmar is working together with UN agencies, International Organizations, Non-governmental Organizations, and individuals for the implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals.

As a fledgling democracy, Myanmar is still confronting with so many challenges. But, the government is resolute to make every efforts to successfully overcome those challenges with the active participation of our peoples and the continued support of its friends around the world.

We welcome the celebration of the 72nd Anniversary of the United Nations Day with our earnest hope for the Organization to help create a peaceful, harmonious, just and prosperous world for all.

Statement by Adama Dieng, United Nations Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide and Ivan Simonovic, United Nations Special Adviser on the Responsibility to Protect, on the situation in northern Rakhine state, Myanmar

Statement by Adama Dieng, United Nations Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide and Ivan Simonovic, United Nations Special Adviser on the Responsibility to Protect, on the situation in northern Rakhine state, Myanmar

The United Nations Special Adviser on the Prevention of Genocide, Adama Dieng, and the Special Adviser of the Responsibility to Protect, Ivan Simonovic, call on the Government of Myanmar to take immediate action to stop and address the commission of atrocity crimes that are reportedly taking place in northern Rakhine state.

The Special Advisers have been following the situation in northern Rakhine state for several years and have warned that there was a risk that atrocity crimes could be committed there. Risk factors they identified included very deeply rooted and long-standing discriminatory practices and policies against the Rohingya Muslims population, a failure to stop acts of violence against that group and a failure to put in place conditions that would support the peaceful coexistence of different communities in Rakhine state. “Despite warnings issued by us and by many other officials, the Government of Myanmar has failed to meet its obligations under international law and primary responsibility to protect the Rohingya population from atrocity crimes. The international community has equally failed its responsibilities in this regard”, the Special Advisers stated.

The Special Advisers welcomed recommendations presented by United Nations Security Council Members during an Arria formula meeting on Myanmar on 13 October and urged for an immediate end to the violence in northern Rakhine state, full humanitarian access and the safe, dignified and voluntary return of refugees to their homes. In addition, they highlighted the importance of allowing the Human Rights Council independent international fact-finding mission to access northern Rakhine state to ascertain the veracity of the facts

A recent report by the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights describes vicious, well-organised, coordinated and systematic attacks by Myanmar security forces, often in concert with armed Rakhine Buddhist individuals against thousands of civilian Rohingya, committed with an intent to drive that population out of Myanmar and prevent them from returning to their homes. These acts are reported to be in response to attacks by militants on 25 August 2017 against Myanmar police posts and a regimental headquarters. United Nations sources indicate that more than 530,000 Rohingya have fled to Bangladesh since then. A few thousand Buddhist and Hindu civilians are also reported to be displaced while fleeing attacks by militants. “Once again, our failure to stop atrocity crimes makes us complicit. When will we live up to our countless promises of ‘never again’?” the Special Advisers asked. They emphasized that those implicated in the commission of atrocity crimes must be held accountable, whatever their status.

During the discussions at the Security Council, the Special Advisers were encouraged by what seems to be a consensus among the membership of the Council and the Government of Myanmar to implement the recommendations of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State, headed by Kofi Annan. They acknowledged as positive the appointment by the Myanmar Government of a ministerial committee to follow up on these recommendations. However, the Special Advisers noted, “True commitment will come with implementation. Any further delay in implementing the recommendations of the Advisory Commission, including on issues of citizenship, will mean further violence and destabilization for the region.” They also urged the international community to support the Myanmar Government in this regard.

Finally, the Special Advisors urged the Government of Myanmar to work towards a national identity in which all populations of Myanmar, including those that identify themselves as Rohingya, feel part of. “Peace and development in Myanmar will only come with unity and peaceful coexistence of all populations”, the Special Advisers concluded.

Note: the expression “atrocity crimes” is used by the Special Advisers to refer to three crimes under international law: genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes.

For media queries please contact:

Claudia Diaz, Office on Genocide Prevention and the Responsibility to Protect
Phone: +1 917-367-2061; Email:

Visit of the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs to Myanmar

Note to correspondents:

Visit of the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs to Myanmar

United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman visited Myanmar from October 13 to October 17 at the invitation of the Government.  In Yangon and Nay Pyi Taw, he met with State Counsellor Daw Aung San Suu Kyi and Tatmadaw Commander-in-Chief Senior General Min Aung Hlaing, among other officials, as well as with representatives of Myanmar’s civil society. He attended the ceremony commemorating the signing of Myanmar’s historic National Ceasefire Agreement and met with the signatory ethnic organizations.  He also met with the resident diplomatic community and representatives of international NGOs.

Most of Under-Secretary-General Feltman’s discussions focused on the situation in Rakhine State and the plight of the hundreds of thousands of refugees who have fled to Bangladesh in the aftermath of the 25 August attacks on security positions and subsequent military action. He reiterated Secretary-General Antonio Guterres’ call that humanitarian actors be given full and unhindered access to northern Rakhine State and that refugees be allowed voluntary, safe and dignified return to their place of origin.

Acknowledging the announcements by the Government of Myanmar, including the State Counsellor’s address to the nation on 12 October, regarding the establishment of programs and policies to address the humanitarian concerns in Rakhine and the return of refugees from Bangladesh, the Under-Secretary-General encouraged the authorities to utilize the capacities, best practices, and extensive experience of the United Nations to help assure that stated intentions could be implemented in a timely and effective manner.

In northern Rakhine, the Under-Secretary-General viewed dozens of burned and destroyed villages by air and visited several communities affected by the recent violence. He also visited internally displaced persons’ camps outside Sittwe, set up in 2012. He witnessed how, in addition to the documented endemic discrimination against the Rohingya population, socio-economic challenges adversely affect all communities.  Mr. Feltman noted the Government’s endorsement of the recommendations of the final report of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State and urged their comprehensive implementation, which the United Nations can help support if so requested.

In discussions with Tatmadaw officials, the Under-Secretary-General noted that, in the UN’s experience, successful counter-terrorism efforts do not rely exclusively on security measures.  He urged the Tatmadaw to support the full implementation of the Advisory Commission’s recommendations and credible investigations into allegations of human rights abuses by security officials in Rakhine.  He underscored the importance of accountability and non-discriminatory rule of law and public safety as part of the comprehensive approach needed to address the fears and distrust among communities in Rakhine.

The United Nations is committed to supporting Myanmar and Bangladesh in their efforts to find a sustainable solution to the plight of the refugees and people affected by the recent violence and mass displacement. Returning to New York, Mr. Feltman will report to the Secretary-General as the United Nations continues to respond to the humanitarian and human rights crisis and positions itself to work with Myanmar to help relieve the suffering of the Rohingya population and address the grievances and needs of Rakhine and other ethnic groups.

Yangon/New York, 17 October 2017



Visit by Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman to Myanmar

Note to correspondents:

Visit by Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman to Myanmar

United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs Jeffrey Feltman will visit Myanmar from 13 to 17 October. Following the Secretary-General’s repeated calls for an end the military operations and violence in northern Rakhine state; unfettered access for humanitarian support; and the safe, voluntary, dignified and sustainable return of refugees to their areas of origin, Mr. Feltman will be undertaking consultations with a view to addressing these urgent issues in close cooperation with Myanmar. His discussions will also focus on building a constructive partnership between Myanmar and the United Nations to tackle the underlying issues impacting all communities in the affected areas.

New York, 11 October 2017

Statement of the Office of the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Myanmar

Statement of the Office of the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Myanmar

11 October 2017

The UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator Renata Lok-Dessallien announced today that she will be completing her assignment after nearly four years in Myanmar.

The Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator will use her remaining time until the end of the month to further the UN system’s efforts to promote peace and security, human rights, as well as humanitarian and development assistance for all people in Myanmar. She will continue to urge for the end of violence in the northern townships of Rakhine State, to allow full access for humanitarian aid, and to ensure the safe, dignified and sustainable return of refugees and IDPs to their places of origin.

The Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator expresses her gratitude to the Government and the people of Myanmar for the opportunity to serve in the country. She thanks her UN colleagues and partners for their exceptional commitment to promoting UN principles. She also appreciates the Secretary-General’s confidence in the UN team in Myanmar.

The departure of the Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator is a part of a succession process announced in the spring of this year. Renata Lok-Dessallien will be taking on another assignment at headquarters.

Media contact: Stanislav Saling, the Office of the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Myanmar, or +95-942 651 9871


Statement following government-organized visit to northern Rakhine

Statement following government-organized visit to northern Rakhine

2 October 2017

The UN appreciates the Government of Myanmar’s invitation to participate in the visit to northern Rakhine organized by national authorities for diplomatic community and the UN.

This was a positive step and such visits, under appropriate conditions, could help in our efforts to explore potential areas where the UN could cooperate with the Myanmar authorities in alleviating the dire situation in northern Rakhine.

Three UN representatives participated in the field visit — the UN Resident Coordinator Ms. Renata Lok-Dessallien; the WFP representative and Deputy Humanitarian Coordinator, Mr. Domenico Scalpelli, and senior UNHCR official Ms. Cécile Fradot.

The scale of human suffering is unimaginable and the UN extends its deepest condolences to all those affected.

The UN advocates for the end to the cycle of violence and for establishing law and order and the rule of law; to allow unfettered access for humanitarian support; and to ensure the safe, voluntary, dignified and sustainable return of the refugees to their areas of origin.

The UN used the field visit also to send a signal of hope to the people in the affected areas, as well as to connect with its staff in northern Rakhine.

The UN delegation reiterated the need for a greater access for humanitarian and human rights actors to conduct comprehensive assessments of the situation on the ground in order to address the concerns and needs of all communities in affected areas. The UN called also for access for the media.

Building on this visit, the UN looks forward to strengthening trust and cooperation with all communities and the Myanmar Government. This will be critical in addressing the root causes and setting a sustainable path towards peace and prosperity of all people in Rakhine State, irrespective of ethnicity, religion or citizenship status.

The UN stands ready to provide its full support to the authorities in responding to the humanitarian and human rights crisis in northern Rakhine, as well as the implementation of the recommendations of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine State.

Contact Stanislav Saling from the Office of the UN Resident Coordinator in Myanmar for more information at or +95-942 651 9871.





The United Nations strongly disagrees with allegations against the UN Resident Coordinator in Myanmar, Renata Lok-Dessallien. The Secretary-General has full confidence in the Resident Coordinator and her Team.

The UN has consistently and strongly focused on protection of human rights and inclusive development on behalf of all the people of Myanmar, irrespective of ethnicity, religion or citizenship status. The Resident Coordinator has been a tireless advocate for human rights, conflict prevention, and humanitarian and development assistance in Rakhine State. She has drawn attention to rights abuses and called for credible investigations; advocated against incitement to violence; and supported efforts to promote inter-communal harmony. The UN in Myanmar, led by the Resident Coordinator, works with a wide array of government and non-government partners to help enhance Myanmar’s capacities to tackle root causes of conflict, to strengthen democratic institutions, to expand access to justice and to reduce poverty. Human rights stand at the center of everything the UN does, and this includes the rollout of the Human Right Up Front by her team.

In the Secretary-General’s address to the Security Council yesterday, he called on the Myanmar authorities to take three immediate steps: to end the military operations; to allow unfettered access for humanitarian support; and to ensure the safe, voluntary, dignified and sustainable return of the refugees to their areas of origin.

Stephane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General

29 September 2017



New York, 28 September 2017

[as delivered]

I welcome this opportunity to brief you on the crisis in Myanmar.

On September 2nd, I wrote to this Council urging concerted efforts to prevent further escalation of the crisis in northern Rakhine state.

I am encouraged that the Council has discussed the situation four times in less than a month.

The reality on the ground demands action — swift action — to protect people, alleviate suffering, prevent further instability, address the root causes of the situation and forge, at long last, a durable solution.

The following briefing is based on our reporting from the ground, and is our best sense of what has happened, what is still happening, and what needs to be done.

The current crisis has steadily deteriorated since the August 25 attacks by the Arakan Rohingya Salvation Army on the Myanmar security forces.  I repeat my condemnation of those attacks today.

Since then, the situation has spiralled into the world’s fastest developing refugee emergency and a humanitarian and human rights nightmare.

I continue to call on the Myanmar authorities to take three immediate steps:

First, to end the military operations;

Second, to allow unfettered access for humanitarian support;

And third, to ensure the safe, voluntary, dignified and sustainable return of the refugees to their areas of origin.

Let me now review what we know about the military operations that have taken place since August 25th.
While there have been competing narratives in a highly complex environment, certain elements are clear.

At least 500,000 civilians have fled their homes and sought safety in Bangladesh.

Although the total number of those displaced is unknown, it is estimated that 94 per cent of them are Rohingya.

The devastating humanitarian situation is not only a breeding ground for radicalization, it also puts vulnerable people – including young children –
at risk of criminal elements including trafficking.

We have received bone-chilling accounts from those who fled — mainly women, children and the elderly.

These testimonies point to excessive violence and serious violations of human rights, including indiscriminate firing of weapons, the presence of landmines and sexual violence.

This is unacceptable and must end immediately.

International human rights law and standards are clear:  any use of force by the authorities must respect Myanmar’s human rights obligations under international law and comply with well-established human rights standards.  Above all, these actions must fully respect the human rights of those affected, regardless of ethnicity or religion.

The use of lethal force, even in situations of emergency, must be commensurate with the threat to the public order and utmost care must be taken to minimize loss of life and injury, especially for unarmed people and communities.

The authorities have claimed that security operations ended on September 5th, following major displacements in northern Rakhine, where Rohingya were the majority.

However, displacement appears to have continued, with reports of the burning of Muslim villages, as well as looting and acts of intimidation.

Myanmar authorities themselves have indicated that at least 176 of 471 Muslim villages in northern Rakhine have been totally abandoned.

In Rathedaung Township, three quarters of the Rohingya population has fled.  Most villages and all three of the former internally displaced persons camps have been burnt to the ground.  Just five isolated Muslim communities remain in Rathedaung.

Elsewhere too, a majority of the abandoned villages were majority Muslim.

There seems to be a deeply disturbing pattern to the violence and ensuing large movements of an ethnic group from their homes.

The failure to address this systematic violence could result in a spill-over into central Rakhine, where an additional 250,000 Muslims could potentially face displacement.  They are outnumbered by Rakhine communities, some of whom have engaged in violent acts of vigilantism against their Muslim neighbours.

The violence in Rakhine – whether by the military or radical elements within communities – must end.

The Myanmar authorities must fulfil their fundamental obligation of ensuring the safety and security of all communities and upholding the rule of law without discrimination.

Let me now turn to the question of humanitarian access.

It is imperative that UN agencies and our non-governmental partners be granted immediate and safe access to all affected communities.

I am deeply concerned by the current climate of antagonism towards the United Nations and non-governmental organizations.  Indeed, this can lead to unacceptable violence, such as the recent attacks against the ICRC by Rakhine villagers in Sittwe.

The Myanmar authorities have said repeatedly in the past few days that “it was not the time”
for unhindered access to resume.

Given the enormous needs, this position is deeply regrettable.  The United Nations and its partners should be allowed to reach the affected areas without delay.

I would also like to address the issue of safe return of refugees to their places of origin.

I ask members of the Security Council to join me in urging that all those who have fled to Bangladesh be able to exercise their right to a safe, voluntary, dignified and sustainable return to their homes.

Myanmar authorities have committed to use the framework established in the 1993 Joint Statement of the Foreign Ministers of Bangladesh and Myanmar to facilitate these returns.

While that may be a useful starting point, it is not sufficient in the present circumstances.
Notably, the framework does not refer to resolving the root cause of displacement.  Moreover, it requires documents that the fleeing Rohingya may not be able to provide.

The United Nations is committed to a plan for voluntary return and calls upon the international community to support such an effort.  This should include development assistance to the villages of those who return home, and the implementation of the Rakhine Advisory Commission recommendations regarding verification and citizenship.

Voluntary repatriation also requires, as a critical first step, the registration of refugees in Bangladesh using internationally accepted standards.

The United Nations is ready to support Myanmar and Bangladesh in all stages of this important process.

Ensuring the safe, voluntary and dignified return of refugees to Rakhine – in line with international refugee law – will require the restoration of mutual trust among the communities.

Improving inter-communal relations is a critical part of a sustainable resolution to the crisis and one of the essential recommendations of the Rakhine Advisory Commission, led by Kofi Annan.

In this highly complex environment, the Myanmar authorities must work to defuse tensions and uphold and protect the rights of all communities, including respect for property rights.

Those who fled should be able to return to their homes in peace – not to yet another cycle of violence.

It will be especially important to avoid re-locating those displaced yet again to camp-like conditions.

In Bangladesh, the United Nations continues to step up our humanitarian response.

The High Commissioner for Refugees visited just days ago.

In the next two weeks, the World Food Programme, the Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the International Organization for Migration and UNICEF will visit the Bangladesh border area.

On October 9th, UNHCR, OCHA and IOM will convene a donor’s conference.

In my meeting last week with Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina, I expressed great appreciation for the care being provided to refugees.  I commend those countries that are supporting Bangladesh in its response.

Let me also stress the need for strengthened cooperation between Myanmar and Bangladesh and I welcome the upcoming high-level visit of Myanmar officials to Bangladesh.

The crisis has generated multiple implications for neighbouring States and the larger region, including the risk of inter-communal strife.

We should not be surprised if decades of discrimination and double standards in treatment of the Rohingya create openings for radicalization.
In moving forward, we need an effective partnership with the Myanmar authorities, especially the military.  All involved should refrain from any actions that could exacerbate the precarious situation on the ground.
I welcome the participation here today of National Security Adviser U Thaung Tun – as well as the Permanent Representative of Bangladesh, Masud Bin Momen.

I appreciate the National Security Adviser’s efforts to engage in dialogue with various stakeholders during the high-level week of the General Assembly.

In addition to discussions with the United Nations Secretariat on future cooperation, the Myanmar delegation has reached out to Bangladesh to revive dialogue.

Myanmar has also engaged the Association of Southeast Asian Nations for desperately needed humanitarian assistance.

I look forward to effective and credible follow-up to the authorities’ stated commitment to greater access, including for the international community, the media and humanitarian actors.

The regional cooperation with Myanmar will also be essential, and the United Nations fully stands behind this.

I welcome the important role played by Foreign Minister Retno [Marsudi] of Indonesia in this respect. She has been advocating for an approach that echoes the three steps I have been emphasizing and is also what many countries have been seeking.

The crisis has underlined an urgent need for a political solution to the root causes of the violence.

The core of the problem is protracted statelessness and its associated discrimination.

The recommendations of the Advisory Commission on Rakhine provide a blueprint for the longer-term future.

The Muslims of Rakhine State should be granted nationality.  The present Myanmar citizenship legislation only allows it partially.  We encourage Myanmar to revise it in line with international standards.

In the interim, an effective verification exercise as previously foreseen should allow those entitled to be granted citizenship according to the present laws.

All others must be able to obtain a legal status that allows them to lead a normal life, including freedom of movement and access to labour markets, education and health services.

I appeal to the leaders of Myanmar, including military leaders, to condemn incitement to racial hatred and violence, and take all measures to defuse tensions between communities.

We have taken good note of declarations by Myanmar authorities that no one is above the law.  There is a clear need to ensure accountability for perpetrators of human rights violations, to curb the current violence and to prevent future abuses.

The United Nations will remain a close partner to Myanmar to address these urgent issues.

We have no agenda other than to help Myanmar advance the well-being of all the country’s people.

We have no interest other than to see all communities enjoying peace, security, prosperity and mutual respect.

And we are committed to nothing less than easing the heart-breaking suffering of so many vulnerable people while forging a lasting solution that affirms shared values, promotes mutual respect and upholds human dignity.

I call on the Security Council to stand united and to support efforts to urgently end this tragedy.

Thank you very much, Mr. President.