Press Release: UNODC‐supported Alternative Development Coffee from Myanmar launched in French Parliament

Paris (France), 22 March 2019 – In a pivotal moment for Myanmar’s burgeoning specialty coffee industry, the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and French coffee company Malongo today launched a new line of high‐quality coffee, Shan Mountain Coffee, in the French Parliament.

The first tasting and presentation of Shan Mountain Coffee took place at the Presidential Hall of the Parliament in presence of the President of the National Assembly Richard Ferrand and dozens of other prominent guests. At the same time, the sales of Shan Mountain Coffee opened in Malongo stores in Paris and Nice.
The Shan Mountain Coffee is ethically sourced in conflict‐ridden Shan State in eastern Myanmar. Shan State produces nearly 90 per cent of opium cultivated in Myanmar, the second largest opium exporter in the world (after Afghanistan).

The Shan Mountain Coffee is grown by a UNODC‐supported Green Gold Cooperative formed by almost 1,000 farmers in Shan State who used to cultivate opium poppy. The strategic partnership between Malongo, the Green Gold Cooperative and UNODC is a key to bringing peace, prosperity and environmental sustainability to Shan State which is one of the top opium poppy cultivation areas in the world.

“UNODC is proud to have been part of this exciting initiative that developed a brand new premium coffee product as a means for reducing opium production in Myanmar,” said Troels Vester, UNODC Country Manager in Myanmar. “Judging by its success here in French Parliament, the Shan Mountain Coffee is now set to make it in France and encourage others in Myanmar to switch from opium to growing alternatives crops.”

The emergence of Myanmar as a coffee producer is supported by UNODC’s Alternative Development Programme, co‐financed by two main donors, Finland and Germany, and with the additional support of Switzerland, that is giving resources directly to the Cooperative.

The programme’s objective to develop sustainable livelihood alternatives for opium growing communities has enabled participating farmers to independently cultivate, refine and commercialize high quality coffee that can be exported to one of the most competitive international markets. The establishment of the farmer‐run Green Gold Cooperative ensures that these farmers will indeed see the fruits of their labour for many years to come.

“In Shan State, this programme has not only provided livelihoods and increased confidence in governance, but also promoted environmental sustainability, land tenure rights, and contributed to creating an enabling environment for peace,” said Miwa Kato, Director of Operations for UNODC. “The partnership between the Malongo Coffee company and the Green Gold Cooperative in Myanmar demonstrates how both public and private interests can merge to benefit small farmer communities,” she added.

“Malongo is a private company, our involvement in such a project is not about charity or helping coffee producers, it is about business. But we want to set up another kind of business where the added value is shared between the actors of the supply chain, where producers can live with dignity from their work, where consumers are faithful and satisfied with the quality,” said Jean‐Pierre Blanc, Director General of Malongo Coffee Company.

Green Gold began the partnership with Malongo to bring to market alternative
development coffee in 2017. Under this long‐term (five year) partnership agreement,
Malongo will buy up to 600 tonnes of coffee per year from more than one thousand
beneficiary farmers.

Farmers cultivating illicit drug crops are usually unable to obtain sufficient income from legal activities and are among the most marginalized in society, with profits fueling protracted armed conflict in Myanmar’s peripheral regions. Alternative development has been one of the most successful approaches to providing these farmers with more stable, sustainable livelihoods.

Nang San Hlaing is a beneficiary farmer from Taung Nauk village in Southern Shan State. Reflecting on her area’s transition from conflict to peace, she illustrated the impact of alternative development in creating an environment of peace: “After we joined the UNODC coffee programme in 2015, Myanmar soldiers and ethnic armed groups make fewer visits to our village. We enjoy a more peaceful life now and would like to thank UNODC for working in our village and helping poor farmers to plant coffee for a sustainable income.”

Women play a crucial role in this programme participating as farmers, village level
committee members and representatives in the governing bodies of Green Gold. Although there have been important advances, women still face challenges as farmers and community leaders, role models and mothers. Nang Lone, ethnic Shan woman from Taunt Lan village (Loilem township) expresses her feelings related to her participation in the programme: “People may think differently about my role in my family, however I must step up for my children’s future. And for my community.”

For further information, please contact:

Troels Vester
Country Manager

UNODC Myanmar Office

troels.vester@unodc.org
 

Shan Mountain Coffee on display at a Malongo Store in Paris. Photo credit: UNODC


Speaker of the French Parliament Richard Ferrand attending the launch of Shan Mountain Coffee in French National Assembly in Paris. Photo credit: UNODC

UNODC မွ ေထာက္ပံ့ကူညီသည့္ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံ၏  အစားထိုးဖြံ႕ျဖိဳးေရးလုပ္ငန္းထုတ္ကုန္ ေကာ္ဖီကို ျပင္သစ္နိုင္ငံ ပါလီမန္တြင္ စတင္မိတ္ဆက္

ပဲရစ္ ( ျပင္သစ္နိုင္ငံ)၊ ၂၂ မတ္လ ၂၀၁၉ – ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံ၏ အရွိန္အဟုန္ ျမင့္မားစြာ ၾကီးထြားလာေသာ ေကာ္ဖီ ကုန္ထုတ္လုပ္ငန္း၏ အေရးၾကီးေသာအေရြ႕တစ္ခုတြင္ UNODC နွင့္ ျပင္သစ္ေကာ္ဖီကုမၸဏီ (Malongo)တို႔ပူးေပါင္း၍ ရွမ္းေတာင္တန္းေဒသထြက္ အရည္အေသြးျမင့္ ေကာ္ဖီအမွတ္တံဆိပ္ အသစ္တစ္ခုကို ယေန႔ ျပင္သစ္ ပါလီမန္တြင္ စတင္မိတ္ဆက္ခဲ့ပါသည္။

ပထမဆံုးေသာ ရွမ္းေတာင္တန္းေဒသထြက္ ေကာ္ဖီ အရသာ ျမည္းစမ္းျခင္းနွင့္ အစီရင္ခံ တင္ျပျခင္းကို ပါလီမန္ရွိ သမၼတ ခန္းမေဆာင္တြင္ က်င္းပခဲ့ျပီး President of the National Assembly Richard Ferrand နွင့္ အျခား ထင္ရွားသည့္ ဧည့္သည္ေတာ္ ဆယ့္နွစ္ေယာက္တက္ေရာက္ခဲ့ပါသည္။ တစ္ခ်ိန္တည္းမွာပင္ ရွမ္းေတာင္တန္းေဒသထြက္ ေကာ္ဖီ ဖြင့္လွစ္ေရာင္းခ်ျခင္းကို  ပဲရစ္ျမိဳ႕ နွင့္ နိုက္စ္ျမိဳ႕ ရွိ Malongo အေရာင္းဆိုင္မ်ားတြင္ ျပဳလုပ္ခဲ့ပါသည္။

ရွမ္းေတာင္တန္းေဒသထြက္ ေကာ္ဖီသည္ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံ အေရွ႕ပိုင္းရွိ ပဋိပကၡမ်ား လႊမ္းမိုးခဲ့ေသာ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္၏ ေဒသထြက္ အရင္းအျမစ္တစ္ခုျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ကမၻာ့ ဘိန္းထုတ္လုပ္ေရာင္းခ်မႈ အမ်ားဆံုး နိုင္ငံစာရင္းတြင္ အာဖဂန္နစ္စတန္နိုင္ငံျပီးလွ်င္ ဒုတိယေျမာက္ အမ်ားဆံုးျဖစ္ေသာ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံ၏ ၉၀ % ေသာ ဘိန္းကို ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္မွ ထြက္ရွိပါသည္။

ရွမ္းေတာင္တန္းေဒသထြက္ ေကာ္ဖီသည္ UNODC မွ ေထာက္ပံ့ကူညီေပးထားေသာ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ရွိ ေတာင္သူ ၁၀၀၀ ခန္႔ျဖင့္ ဖြဲ႔စည္းထားသည့္ Green Gold သမ၀ါယမအသင္းမွ စိုက္ပ်ိဳး ထုတ္လုပ္ျခင္းျဖစ္ပါသည္။ ထိုေတာင္သူ ၁၀၀၀ခန္႔မွာ လြန္ခဲ့ေသာကာလက ဘိန္းစိုက္ေတာင္သူမ်ား ျဖစ္ခဲ့ၾကသည္။ Green Gold သမ၀ါယမအသင္း၊ Malongo ျပင္သစ္ေကာ္ဖီကုမၸဏီနွင့္ UNODC တို႔ၾကားရွိ မဟာဗ်ဴဟာက်က် ပူးေပါင္းလုပ္ေဆာင္ျခင္းသည္ ကမၻာေပၚရွိ ထိပ္တန္းဘိန္းစိုက္ပ်ိဳးထုတ္လုပ္သည့္ ေနရာမ်ားမွ တစ္ခုျဖစ္ေသာ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ေတာင္ပိုင္းတြင္ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး၊ တိုးတက္ေရးနွင့္ သဘာ၀ပတ္၀န္းက်င္ ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ေစေရးကို ေဖာ္ေဆာင္ရာတြင္ အဓိက ေသာ့ခ်က္တစ္ခုျဖစ္ပါသည္။

“ UNODC အေနနဲ႕ ျပင္သစ္ေစ်းကြက္မွာ အာမခံခ်က္အျပည့္ရွိ ေကာ္ဖီထုတ္ကုန္ အမွတ္တံဆိပ္သစ္တစ္ခု ထုတ္လုပ္နိုင္တဲ့ စိတ္လႈပ္ရွားဖို႔ေကာင္းတဲ့ စြန္႔ဦးတီထြင္လုပ္ငန္းတစ္ခုမွာ တစ္စိတ္တစ္ပိုင္းအေနနဲ႕ ပါ၀င္ေဆာင္ရြက္ခြင့္ရတဲ့အတြက္ မ်ားစြာ ဂုဏ္ယူပါတယ္။ ဒီလုပ္ငန္းကဆိုရင္ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံမွာ ဘိန္းထုတ္လုပ္မႈကို ေလ်ာ့က်ေစပါတယ္။” ဟု ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံ UNODC Country Manager ျဖစ္သူ Mr. Troels Vester မွ ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါသည္။ ဆက္လက္ျပီး

“ျပင္သစ္နိုင္ငံ ပါလီမန္မွာ က်င္းပတဲ့ အရသာျမည္းစမ္းတဲ့ပြဲမွာ ေအာင္ေအာင္ျမင္ျမင္ အကဲျဖတ္ျပီးတဲ့ေနာက္ ရွမ္းေတာင္တန္း ေဒသထြက္ ေကာ္ဖီထုတ္ကုန္ဟာ အခုအခါ ဥေရာပနိုင္ငံထုတ္ေကာ္ဖီအျဖစ္ တံဆိပ္ကပ္နိုင္ျပီျဖစ္တယ္။ ဒါ့ေၾကာင့္ ဘိန္းစိုက္ပ်ိဳးျခင္းမွ အျခားေသာ သီးနွံမ်ား ေျပာင္းလဲစိုက္ပ်ိဳးနိုင္ရန္အတြက္ အျခားေတာင္သူမ်ားကိုလည္း အားက်အတုယူေစနိုင္ျပီ ျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ ” ဟု ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါသည္

ယခုကဲ့သို႔ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံကို ေကာ္ဖီထုတ္လုပ္သည့္ေနရာတစ္ခုအျဖစ္  ဂုဏ္ယူစြာ ျဖစ္ထြန္းလာေစရန္အတြက္ UNODC၏ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ခိုင္ျမဲေသာ အစားထိုးဖြ႔ံျဖိဳးေရး စီမံကိန္းမွေသာ္လည္းေကာင္း  အဓိက အလွဴရွင္ မ်ားျဖစ္ၾကသည့္ ဖင္လန္နွင့္ ဂ်ာမနီအစိုးရ တို႔ကေငြေၾကးအရေသာ္လည္းေကာင္း ဆြစ္ဇာလန္အဖြဲ႔အစည္းမွ သမ၀ါယမအသင္းအား အျခားလိုအပ္သည့္ အရင္းအျမစ္မ်ားျဖင့္ေသာ္လည္းေကာင္း ကူညီေထာက္ပံ့ေပးလ်ွက္ရွိပါသည္။

စီမံကိန္း၏ ရည္ရြယ္ခ်က္မွာ ဘိန္းစိုက္ေတာင္သူမ်ားအတြက္ ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ခိုင္ျမဲေသာ အစားထိုး အသက္ေမြး၀မ္းေက်ာင္းလုပ္ငန္းမ်ားဖြံျဖိဳးလာေစရန္အတြက္ ေတာင္သူမ်ားအေနျဖင့္ ေကာ္ဖီ စိုက္ပ်ိဳးျခင္း၊ ျပဳစုပ်ိဳးေထာင္ျခင္းတို႔ကို လြတ္လပ္စြာ လုပ္ေဆာင္နိုင္ေစရန္နွင့္  နိုင္ငံတကာေစ်းကြက္မ်ားတြင္ လူၾကိဳက္အမ်ားဆံုးေသာ ေကာ္ဖီမ်ားထဲမွ တစ္ခုအျဖစ္ ျပည္ပသို႔တင္ပို႔နိုင္ေသာ အရည္အေသြးျမင့္ ေကာ္ဖီထုတ္လုပ္နိုင္ျခင္းျဖင့္ အက်ိဳးအျမတ္ရရွိေစရန္ ျဖစ္သည္။

“ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္မွာေတာ့ ဒီစီမံကိန္းက အသက္ေမြး၀မ္းေက်ာင္း လုပ္ငန္းေတြေပးတယ္။ အစိုးရပိုင္းကိုလည္း ယံုၾကည္မႈတိုးေစတယ္။ ဒါတင္မကပါဘူး သဘာ၀ပတ္၀န္းက်င္ ေရရွည္တည္တံ့ေစျပီး၊ ေျမယာပိုင္ဆိုင္မႈ သက္တမ္း ရပိုင္ခြင့္ စတာေတြကိုလည္း ျမွင့္တင္ေပးပါတယ္။ ျပီးေတာ့ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းတဲ့ ပတ္၀န္းက်င္တစ္ခု ဖန္တီးတဲ့ေနရာမွာလည္း အေထာက္အကူျပဳပါတယ္။” ဟု UNODC မွ Director of Operations ျဖစ္သူ Ms. Miwa Kato မွ ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါသည္။ ထို႔အျပင္ သူမက “Malongo ေကာ္ဖီကုမၸဏီနွင့္ ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံရွိ Green Gold သမ၀ါယမအသင္းတို႔ရဲ႕ နွစ္ဦးနွစ္ဖက္ အက်ိဳးတူ ပူးေပါင္းလုပ္ေဆာင္ျခင္းေၾကာင့္ အမ်ားျပည္သူနွင့္ စီးပြါးေရး လုပ္ငန္းစုမ်ား၏ စိတ္ပါ၀င္စားမႈက ေတာင္သူလယ္သမား အသင္းအဖြဲ႕ငယ္အတြက္ အက်ိဳးေက်းဇူးေတြ ဘယ္ေလာက္ထိ ရရွိနိုင္လဲဆိုတာကိုလည္း ေဖာ္ျပေနပါတယ္။” ဟုထပ္မံ ျဖည့္စြက္ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါသည္။

“Malongo က စီးပြါးေရးလုပ္ငန္းကုမၸဏီတစ္ခုျဖစ္ပါတယ္။ က်ြန္ေတာ္တို႔ ဒီလိုစီမံကိန္းမွာ ပါ၀င္ျခင္းက  ေကာ္ဖီထုတ္လုပ္သူေတြကို ကူညီေပးတဲ့ မြန္ျမတ္တဲ့ အလုပ္တစ္ခုတည္းအေနနဲ႔မဟုတ္ပါဘူး။ ဒါက စီးပြါးေရးတစ္ခုပါ။ ဒါေပမယ့္လည္း က်ြန္ေတာ္တို႔အေနနဲ႕ စီးပြါးေရး ကြင္းဆက္မွာပါ၀င္တဲ့သူေတြအတြက္ အရည္အေသြးျမွင့္ေပးတဲ့ အျခားေသာ စီးပြါးေရး လုပ္ငန္းတစ္ခုကိုလည္း လုပ္ေဆာင္လိုပါတယ္။ ထုတ္လုပ္သူေတြက သူတို႔ရဲ႕အလုပ္မွာ ဂုဏ္သိကၡာရွိရွိ ေနနိုင္တဲ့စီးပြါးေရးမ်ိဳး၊ ၀ယ္ယူသံုးစြဲသူမ်ားမွ ယံုၾကည္စိတ္ခ်ရျပီး အရည္အေသြးနွင့္ ပတ္သက္ျပီးလည္း ေက်နပ္မႈ ရွိေစတဲ့ စီးပြားေရးမ်ိဳး လုပ္ေဆာင္လိုပါတယ္။” ဟု Malongo ေကာ္ဖီကုမၸဏီမွ အေထြအေထြ ညႊန္ၾကားေရးမွဴး Jean-Pierre Blanc မွ ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါသည္။

Green Gold သမ၀ါယမအသင္းသည္ အစားထိုးဖြံ႕ျဖိဳးေရးထုတ္ကုန္ ေကာ္ဖီအျဖစ္ ေစ်းကြက္တြင္း ေရာက္ရွိရန္အတြက္ Malongo ျပင္သစ္ေကာ္ဖီကုမၸဏီနွင့္ ၂၀၁၇ ခုနွစ္တြင္ စတင္ျပီး အက်ိဳးတူ ပူးေပါင္းလုပ္ေဆာင္ခဲ့ပါသည္။  ၅ နွစ္တာ အက်ိဳးတူပူးေပါင္းလုပ္ေဆာင္ျခင္း သေဘာတူညီမႈအရ Malongo သည္ ေကာ္ဖီစိုက္ေတာင္သူတစ္ေထာင္ေက်ာ္ထံမွ တစ္နွစ္လွ်င္ ေကာ္ဖီတန္ေပါင္း ၆၀၀ ထိ၀ယ္ယူသြားမည္ျဖစ္သည္။

တရားမ၀င္သီးနွံမ်ားစိုက္ပ်ိဳးေသာ ေတာင္သူမ်ားမွာ အမ်ားအားျဖင့္ တရား၀င္ လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားမွ ေငြေၾကးလံုလံုေလာက္ေလာက္ရရွိေအာင္ မစြမ္းေဆာင္နိုင္ၾကပါ။ထို႔အျပင္ လူမႈပတ္၀န္းက်င္တြင္လည္း အေရးထားခံရမႈ အနည္းဆံုး ျဖစ္ျပီး ျမန္မာနိုင္ငံ အစြန္အဖ်ားေနရာေဒသမ်ားတြင္ လက္နွက္ကိုင္ပဋိပကၡမ်ားကို ကာလရွည္ၾကာေစရန္ အားေပးသကဲ့သို႔ သက္ေရာက္ေနပါသည္။ အစားထိုး ဖြံ႔ျဖိဳးေရး သည္  ထိုေတာင္သူမ်ားကို ပိုမို တည္တံ့ခိုင္ျမဲေသာ၊ ေရရွည္အသံုးျပဳနိုင္ေသာ အသက္ေမြး၀မ္းေက်ာင္းလုပ္ငန္းမ်ား ေထာက္ပံ့ေပးအပ္ရန္အတြက္ အေအာင္ျမင္ဆံုးေသာ ခ်ဥ္းကပ္မႈတစ္ခု ျဖစ္သည္။

နန္းဆိုင္လွ်န္းသည္ ရွမ္းျပည္နယ္ေတာင္ပိုင္းရွိ ေတာင္ေနာက္ရြာမွ စီမံကိန္း တြင္ပါ၀င္သည့္ ေတာင္သူတစ္ဦးျဖစ္ပါသည္။  သူမ၏ေဒသတြင္ ပဋိပကၡမွ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးသို႔ ကူးေျပာင္းျခင္း ျဖစ္စဥ္တြင္  ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေသာ ပတ္၀န္းက်င္ ဖန္တီးရာ၌ အစားထိုး ဖြံ႔ျဖိဳးေရး၏အက်ိဳးသက္ေရာက္မႈကို သူမက –

“က်ြန္မတို႔ ၂၀၁၅ မွစျပီး UNODC ေကာ္ဖီစိုက္ပ်ိဳးေရး စီမံကိန္းမွာ ၀င္ေရာက္လုပ္ကိုင္ခဲ့တဲ့ေနာက္ တပ္မေတာ္္သားေတြေရာ လူမ်ိဳးစုလက္နွက္ကိုင္အဖြဲ႔ေတြေရာ က်ြန္မတို႔ရြာကို လာတာ နည္းသြားပါတယ္။ အခု က်ြန္မတို႔ဘ၀မွာ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းမႈကို ပျိုပီး ခံစားေနရပါျပီ။ ဒါေၾကာင့္ က်ြန္မတို႔ရြာမွာ စီမံကိန္းလာေရာက္လုပ္ကိုင္ေပးတဲ့ အတြက္နဲ႕ ဆင္းရဲတဲ့ေတာင္သူေတြကို ေရရွည္ခိုင္မာတဲ့ ၀င္ေငြရတဲ့ ေကာ္ဖီစိုက္ပ်ိဳးရာမွာ ကူညီေပးတဲ့အတြက္ က်ြန္မတို႔အေနနဲ႕ UNODC ကို ေက်းဇူးတင္ေၾကာင္း ေျပာလိုပါတယ္” ဟု ေဖာ္ျပခဲ့ပါသည္။

ဤစီမံကိန္းတြင္ အမ်ိဳးသမီးမ်ားသည္  ေတာင္သူမ်ားအေနျဖင့္လည္းေကာင္း၊ ေက်းရြာအဆင့္ ေကာ္မတီ၀င္မ်ားအေနျဖင့္လည္းေကာင္း၊ Green Gold သမ၀ါယမ အသင္း၏ စီမံအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးအဖြဲ႔တြင္ ကိုယ္စားလွယ္မ်ားအျဖစ္လည္းေကာင္း အေရးပါသည့္ အခန္းက႑တြင္ ပါ၀င္လ်ွက္ ရွိပါသည္။ အေရးၾကီးေသာ တိုးတက္မႈမ်ား ရွိေနျပီးျဖစ္ေသာ္လည္း အမ်ိဳးသမီးမ်ားအေနျဖင့္ (ေတာင္သူမ်ား၊ ေက်းရြာျပည္သူလူထုေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ား၊ စံျပအမ်ိဳးသမီးမ်ား၊ မိခင္မ်ား ) အျဖစ္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ရာတြင္ စိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ားစြာကို ရင္ဆိုင္ေနရဆဲျဖစ္ပါသည္။  လြိဳင္လင္ျမိဳ႔နယ္ ေတာက္လန္းေက်းရြာမွ ရွမ္းအမ်ိဳးသမီးတစ္ဦးျဖစ္သူ နန္းလံုက စီမံကိန္းတြင္ ပါ၀င္ေဆာင္ရြက္ျခင္းနွင့္ပတ္သက္ျပီး သူမ၏ ခံစားခ်က္မ်ားကို –

“ လူေတြအေနနဲ႕ က်ြန္မရဲ႕မိသားစုမွာ က်ြန္မရဲ႕ အခန္းက႑နဲ႔ပတ္သက္ျပီး အမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳး ေတြးထင္ေကာင္း ထင္နိုင္ပါတယ္။ သို႔ေသာ္လည္း က်ြန္မကေတာ့ က်ြန္မကေလးေတြရဲ႕ အနာဂတ္အတြက္ ၊ ျပီးေတာ့ က်ြန္မတို႔ ေက်းရြာျပည္သူလူထုရဲ႕ အနာဂတ္အတြက္ ဒီအခြင့္အေရးကို အသံုးခ်ျပီး လုပ္ေဆာင္သြားရမွာပါပဲ ”  ဟု ထုတ္ေဖာ္ ေျပာျပခဲ့ပါသည္။

ထပ္မံလိုအပ္ေသာ သတင္းအခ်က္အလက္မ်ားအတြက္ ေက်းဇူးျပဳေအာက္ပါလိပ္စာကို ဆက္သြယ္နိုင္ပါသည္။

Troels Vester

Country Manager

UNODC Myanmar Office

troels.vester@unodc.org

၂၀၁၉ Reham Al-Farra Memorial Journalism Fellowship ေလွ်ာက္လႊာေခၚယူျခင္း (ေနာက္ဆုံးေလွ်ာက္ရမည့္ရက္ ဧျပီ ၁၅) Applications to 2019 Reham Al-Farra Memorial Journalism Fellowship now open (deadline 15 April)

The Department of Global Communications (DGC) is accepting applications for the 2019 Reham Al-Farra (RAF) Memorial Journalism Fellowship, which will be held at UN Headquarters in New York from 15 September to 5 October 2019.

The Fellowship will bring a select group of young journalists from around the world to United Nations Headquarters to cover the General Assembly, interview senior officials, and attend special briefings and workshops.

The Fellowship is open to full-time journalists between the ages of 22 and 35 from countries with developing and transitioning economies. A full list of eligible countries is available at https://outreach.un.org/raf/eligibility.

The Fellowship covers the cost of roundtrip air travel to New York and provides a daily subsistence allowance.

Applications must be submitted online at https://outreach.un.org/raf/apply.The application deadline is 15 April 2019.

Note to correspondents

The Acting Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator Knut Ostby is deeply concerned about new reports of fighting between the Arakan Army and Myanmar security forces which continue to cause civilian casualties and displacement of communities in Rakhine State.

Mr. Ostby urges all sides of the conflict to ensure the protection of civilians, resolve differences through peaceful means, uphold their responsibilities under International Humanitarian Law and Human Rights Law, including the preservation of sites of cultural heritage.

Mr. Ostby calls for effective humanitarian access to populations in need of aid, particularly the children, women, elderly and other affected people. The United Nations is in contact with the Myanmar authorities and stands ready to continue with the humanitarian support to the affected civilian populations.

 

Yangon, 19 March 2019

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Media contact: Stanislav Saling, Spokesperson, Office of the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Myanmar, stanislav.saling@one.un.org or +95-942 651 9871

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္အတြင္းတြင္ Arakan Army ႏွင့္ ျမန္မာ့လံုျခံဳေရးတပ္ဖြဲ႔မ်ားအၾကား ျဖစ္ပြားလ်က္ရွိေသာ
တိုက္ပြဲမ်ားေၾကာင့္ အရပ္သားမ်ား ေသေၾကထိခိုက္မႈမ်ားႏွင့္ ေဒသခ ံ လူမႈအသိုက္အ၀န္းမ်ား  ေနရပ္ စြန႔ခ္ ြာတိမ္းေရွာင္ေနရမႈမ်ား ဆက္လက္ျဖစ္ေပၚေနသည္ကို ၾကားသိရသည္႔အတြက္ ကုလသမဂၢ ဌာေနညွိႏိႈင္းေရးမွဴးႏွင့္လူသားခ်င္းစာနာမႈဆိုင္ရာညွိႏိႈ္င္းေရးမွဴး (ယာယီ) Mr. Knut Ostby မွ မ်ားစြာစိုးရိမ္မိပါသည္။

ဤပ႗ိပကၡတြင္ ပါ၀င္သူအားလံုးအေနျဖင့္ အရပ္သားမ်ားကို အကာအကြယ္ေပးရန္၊ မတူညီမႈမ်ားကို
ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေသာနည္းလမ္းျဖင့္အေျဖရွာရန္ႏွင့္ ယဥ္ေက်းမႈအေမြအႏွစ္ဆိုင္ရာ အေဆာက္အဦမ်ားႏွင့္
၄င္းတ႔ရို ိွရာအရပ္မ်ားကို ေစာငေ့္ ရာွ က္ထိန္းသိမ္းျခင္းအပါအ၀င ္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာလူသားခ်င္းစာနာမႈဆိုင္ရာဥပေဒႏွင့္လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးဆိုင္ရာဥပေဒပါ မိမိတ႔၏ို တာ၀န၀္ တၲရားမ်ားကို လိုက္နာထိန္းသိမ္းပါရန ္  မစၥတာေအာ႔စ္ဘီမ ွတိုက္တြန္းပါသည္။

အေထာက္အပံ႔လိုအပ္ေနသူအားလံုး အထူးသျဖင့္ ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ား၊ အမ်ိဳးသမီးမ်ား၊ သက္ၾကီးရြယ္အိုမ်ားႏွင့္ အျခားေသာ သက္ေရာက္မႈဒဏ္ခံစားေနရသူမ်ားအားလံုးအေနျဖင့္ ထိေရာက္သည္႔ လူသားခ်င္းစာနာမႈဆိုင္ရာ အကူအညီမ်ား လက္လွမ္းမီရယူႏိုင္ရန္လိုအပ္ပါသည္။ ကုလသမဂၢသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံမွ တာ၀န္ရွိအာဏာပိုင္မ်ား ႏွင့္ ခ်ိတ္ဆက္ကာ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္ ျဖစ္ေပၚလ်က္ရွိေသာ ပ႗ိပကၡအတြက္ လူသားခ်င္းစာနာမႈဆိုင္ရာ ပံ႔ပိုးမႈမ်ား ဆက္လက္ေဆာင္ရြက္ႏိုင္ရန္ အျမဲ အဆင္သင့္ရွိပါသည္။

PRESS RELEASE : UN Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament Holds Seminar on Trade and Trafficking of Illicit Conventional Ammunition

Bangkok, 19 March 2019 – As part of its region-wide initiative to support States with the safe and secure management of conventional ammunition, the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific (UNRCPD) is organizing the Southeast Asia Regional Outreach Seminar on Trade and Trafficking of Illicit Conventional Ammunition, in Bangkok, Thailand, on 20-22 March 2019.

In response to the challenges posed by unsecured or poorly managed national ammunition stockpiles, the Seminar aims to foster regional dialogue between Southeast Asian States on matters of conventional ammunition, and provide a forum to share practices and engage with experts on how to address these challenges. Participants will examine current regional trends of illicit trafficking of ammunition, as well as effective practices and further steps to address related risks and challenges to regional security. It also seeks to strengthen regional cooperation and coordination between national law-enforcement agencies and regional entities dealing with such matters.

Government experts working in the field of ammunition management will engage with representatives from the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA), the UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), UNRCPD, the Ammunition Management Advisory Team (AMAT), and non‑governmental organizations, particularly Non-violence International and the Golden West Humanitarian Foundation, to identify urgent issues pertaining to the accumulation of ammunition surpluses and the means to effectively address this matter in order to reduce the dual risk of unintended explosions and diversion to illicit markets. The presentations and discussions will incorporate a range of perspectives and tools, like the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines and the UN SaferGuard platform, and examine regional trends and implications for safety and security, as well as possible joint responses and synergies between global frameworks and instruments.

The Seminar will further allocate a whole day to support the work of a United Nations group of governmental experts on problems arising from the accumulation of conventional ammunition in surplus, to be convened in 2020 in accordance with UN General Assembly resolution 72/55.

The Seminar contributes to the implementation of the United Nations Secretary General’s Disarmament Agenda, “Securing Our Common Future”, specifically Action 22 on securing excessive and poorly maintained stockpiles. The Seminar will also promote the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly Goal 16 on peace, justice and strong institutions.

The Seminar is made possible with financial support from the Government of Germany.

For further information, please contact Yuriy Kryvonos, Director of the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific, via e-mail at info@unrcpd.org.

Myanmar: New land law could have disastrous impact on ethnic minorities

Myanmar: New land law could have disastrous impact on ethnic minorities

· Law affects traditional communities who passed down land for generations

· Revenues from resource extraction going to army and its allies

· Alleged crimes committed in Myanmar must be referred to ICC

GENEVA (11 March 2019) – A UN expert has expressed grave concerns about the implementation of a new land law in Myanmar, affecting a third of the country, and the disastrous implications for traditional farming communities in ethnic minority regions.

“Today marks the day that thousands of people living in rural areas in Myanmar may be charged with criminal trespass if they continue to use their lands as they have done for generations,” Yanghee Lee, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, told the Human Rights Council in Geneva.

She said the amended Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Lands Management Law fails to recognise shared land ownership practices, such as customary tenure, and land belonging to IDPs and refugees of conflict that has been left unattended. “The Law does not sufficiently recognise this reality,” Lee said. “The Law affects so many people, and with land insecurity central to the cycle of conflict, poverty and denial of rights, it has the potential to be disastrous.”

The law, which comes into effect on 11 March 2019, requires anyone occupying or using “vacant, fallow, or virgin” land to apply for a permit to use the land for 30 years or face eviction and up to two years in jail. She called on the Government to immediately suspend and review the law.

Lee also raised serious concerns about natural resource extraction, saying it was the one area of the economy she received more reports of human rights abuse in relation to than any other.

“Military-dominated state-owned economic enterprises in natural resource extraction are the regulators, revenue collectors and commercial entities, and they are permitted to retain vast profits that bypass the Government budget with no record kept on how they are spent,” she said.

“Revenues from natural resource extraction needed for vital services and development being diverted to the military and its allies, undermines the civilian Government, democratic reforms, the peace process, sustainable development and the realisation of rights.”

The Special Rapporteur said the Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings Ltd. and Myanmar Economic Corporation were active across many sectors, including natural resource extraction. “The full extent of their business operations and profits are unclear, but their main beneficiaries are most likely to be high-ranking military and ex-military officials,” she said.

Lee said armed conflict continued in northern Shan between ethnic armed organisations and in Rakhine State between the Arakan Army and the Tatmadaw, and civilians were facing rights abuses as a result. Lee called on all parties to end hostilities, and to ensure that they take precautions and protect civilians.

She urged the international community to continue to work for justice for victims in Myanmar. Given that the road to justice was long and uncertain, she said, it was paramount that victims’ needs were addressed. “There is much that Myanmar must do to deal with the past. Reversing the continued stance of denial, and shifting to recognition and acknowledgement would go a long way to bringing about an end to impunity that has long existed in Myanmar.”

Lee called for the situation in Myanmar to be referred to the International Criminal Court by the Security Council, or a state party or group of states parties. “Victims must not be forced to wait in the purgatory of international inaction,” she said, adding if it was not possible to refer the situation to the ICC, the international community should consider establishing an independent tribunal.

ENDS

Yanghee Lee (Republic of Korea) was appointed by the UN Human Rights Council in 2014 as the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. She is independent from any government or organization and serves in her individual capacity. Ms. Lee served as member and chairperson of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (2003-2011). She is currently a professor at Sungkyunwan University, Seoul, and serves on the Advisory Committee of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea. Ms. Lee is the founding President of International Child Rights Center.

The Special Rapporteurs are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms. Special Procedures mandate-holders are independent human rights experts appointed by the Human Rights Council to address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. They are not UN staff and are independent from any government or organization. They serve in their individual capacity and do not receive a salary for their work.

UN Human Rights, country page: Myanmar

For more information and media requests please contact: Georgia Drake (+41-22928 9780 / gdrake@ohchr.org).

For media inquiries related to other UN independent experts: Jeremy Laurence, UN Human Rights – Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9383 / jlaurence@ohchr.org)

Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the Ethiopian Airlines crash / အီသီယိုးပီးယား ေလေၾကာင္းပ်က္က်မႈအေပၚ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ၏ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္

Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the Ethiopian Airlines crash

Stephane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General

The Secretary-General was deeply saddened at the tragic loss of lives in the airplane crash today near Addis Ababa. He conveys his heartfelt sympathies and solidarity to the victims’ families and loved ones, including those of United Nations staff members, as well as sincere condolences to the Government and people of Ethiopia.

The United Nations is in contact with the Ethiopian authorities and working closely with them to establish the details of United Nations personnel who lost their lives in this tragedy.

 

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မတ္လ ၁၀ ရက္၊ ၂၀၁၉။

အီသီယိုးပီးယား ေလေၾကာင္းပ်က္က်မႈအေပၚ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ၏ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္

Stephane Dujarric, ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္၏ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ         

ယေန႔ အဒစ္ အဘာဘာ (Addis Ababa) အနီးတြင္ ေလယာဥ္ပ်က္က်မႈေၾကာင့္ ေၾကကြဲဖြယ္ရာ အသက္ဆံုးရွံဴးမႈမ်ားအတြက္ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္မွ လြန္စြာ၀မ္းနည္းေၾကကြဲရပါသည္။ ကုလသမဂၢ ၀န္ထမ္းမ်ားအပါအ၀င္ အသက္ဆံုးရံွဴးခဲ႔ရသူမ်ား၏ မိသားစု၀င္မ်ား၊ ခ်စ္ခင္ရသူမ်ားကို ထပ္တူစာနာျပီး ၄င္းတို႔နွင့္တသားတည္းရွိပါေၾကာင္း ႏွင့္ အီသီယိုးပီးယားအစိုးရနွင့္ ျပည္သူမ်ားႏွင့္လည္း ထပ္တူ ၀မ္းနည္းေၾကကြဲရပါေၾကာင္း ေဖာ္ျပပါသည္။

ဤေၾကကြဲဖြယ္ျဖစ္ရပ္တြင္ အသက္ဆံုးရွံဴးခဲ႔ရသည္႔ ကုလသမဂၢ၀န္ထမ္းမ်ား၏ အေသးစိတ္အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားကို ရရွိႏိုင္ရန္ ကုလသမဂၢသည္ အီသီယိုးပီးယားမွ တာ၀န္ရွိသူမ်ားႏွင့္ ဆက္သြယ္ျပီး အနီးကပ္လုပ္ကိုင္ေဆာင္ရြက္လ်က္ရွိပါသည္။

 

                                                                    PRESS RELEASE

Ongoing UN and Japan Cooperation on Rakhine extended in 2019 to also support communities in Kachin and Shan

Naypyidaw, 26 February 2019 – The Government of Japan and eight United Nations Agencies today signed a US$ 37 million value agreement to implement humanitarian and development projects in Shan, Kachin and Rakhine States. The funding will enable the delivery of life-saving assistance, protection, trust-building initiatives and early recovery support to women, men, girls and boys across the three states.  This important partnership builds on a US$ 20 million agreement that was signed in 2018, that aimed to assist half a million people in Rakhine State.

“I thank the Government and people of Japan for their continued support to respond to immediate humanitarian needs and address the long-term development prospects in Rakhine as well as Kachin and Shan States,” said UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator ad interim Knut Ostby. “The UN agencies signing today appreciate the continued confidence of our partners that enable us to add urgently needed support for humanitarian activities in Kachin and northern Shan States to the ongoing humanitarian and development initiatives in Rakhine State.” 

The agreements were signed by His Excellency Mr. Ichiro Maruyama, Ambassador of Japan to Myanmar and representatives of the participating UN Agencies. UN bodies that receive contribution under the agreements include the International Organization on Migration (IOM), UN-Habitat, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), UN Women, and the World Food Programme (WFP).

The Agreement was signed in the presence of representatives of the Union Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement and Union Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In order to address cross-cutting humanitarian and development needs, approximately half of the funding will support critical life-saving activities, including food assistance, shelter, water and sanitation. The remaining funds will be invested in longer-term development initiatives to improve living standards for all communities, including restoration of livelihoods and building government capacity. Further activities under these partnerships will include, among others:

  • Supporting the Government of Myanmar in creating conditions conducive to the sustainable return of displaced persons from and within Rakhine State and addressing statelessness;
  • Supporting women leaders to be effective advocates for gender equality and women’s empowerment, and strengthening government capacities to ensure gender-responsive policies, programmes and service delivery;
  • Supporting internally displaced people affected by conflict in three states through critical humanitarian support including food, health, education, protection, shelter and camp management, and water and sanitation programming;
  • Prepare for and implement a community-driven, beneficiary-led rebuilding of settlements for returning refugees and internally displaced persons;
  • Improving service delivery, access to justice, and creating local development opportunities that promote social cohesion and community resilience; and
  • Empowering and protecting women, ensuring they can access health services and can contribute to and benefit from inclusive growth and development.

The projects signed today will be implemented over the next twelve months, with work scheduled to begin in April 2019.

“We must be ambitious because the needs of the people in these three States are great,” added Knut Ostby. “UN agencies have integrated their activities in line with the humanitarian-development-peace-human rights nexus to achieve better results.”

Annex: Sample results achieved over the past 12 months in Rakhine State under the agreement signed between the UN and Japan in February 2018

  • Over 200,000 people received food assistance;
  • School feeding program reached 72,000 primary school students;
  • More than 30,000 internally displaced people benefitted from camp coordination and camp management;
  • Over 1,800 people were supported with reconstruction or repair of shelters;
  • 150,000 people obtained hygiene supplies;
  • 20,000 children received support in child friendly spaces;
  • Mobile clinic treated 15,000 patients;
  • 3,000 of the most vulnerable women and girls received dignity kits containing female hygiene items;
  • Over 11,000 women received sexual and reproductive health services supporting safe birth, and pregnancy by choice, not chance;
  • Cash for work for the rehabilitation of social infrastructures is being provided in four townships, covering a total of 28 village tracts, 88 villages and 15,000 households;
  • Over 90 law officers and judiciaries participated in knowledge sharing forums on due process, fair trials, human rights and gender-based violence in August and October 2018.

For further information contact:

UNFPA: Yenny Gamming +95-9260400005 or gamming@unfpa.org

UNICEF: Alison Rhodes, ++95 1 2305960 Ext: 2420 or arhodes@unicef.org

UNHCR: Billie Phillips, +95 9785505364 or phillips@unhcr.org

UNDP: Sandra Barrows, +(95-1) 542910 to 19 Ext: 2237 or sandra.barrows@undp.org

Office of the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator: Stanislav Saling, +95 942 6519871 or stanislav.saling@one.un.org

 Background on UN agencies

 Established in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners. With 169-member states, a further 8 states holding observer status and offices in over 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people. IOM established its operations in Myanmar in 2005, and Myanmar became IOM’s member state in 2012.

On the ground in about 170 countries and territories, UNDP works to eradicate poverty while protecting the planet. We help countries develop strong policies, skills, partnerships and institutions so they can sustain their progress.

UNFPA works to deliver a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled. Active in Myanmar since  1973, UNFPA partners with the Government, NGOs and other development stakeholders to implement programmes on sexual and reproductive health and rights; gender equality and women’s empowerment; and population data for development.

UN-Habitat is the United Nations programme working towards a better urban future. Its mission is to promote socially and environmentally sustainable human settlements development and the achievement of adequate shelter for all.

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is mandated to provide humanitarian aid and protection to refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people worldwide, and assist in their safe and voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement.

UNICEF has been working with the Government and the people of Myanmar since 1950. In partnership with the Government and the civil society, UNICEF’s current focus of work aims at reducing child mortality, improving access and quality of education and protecting children from violence, abuse and exploitation.

UN Women is the UN organization dedicated to gender equality and the empowerment of women. A global champion for women and girls, UN Women was established to accelerate progress on meeting their needs worldwide. UN Women supports UN Member States as they set global standards for achieving gender equality, and works with governments and civil society to design laws, policies, programmes and services needed to ensure that the standards are effectively implemented and truly benefit women and girls worldwide.

WFP is the world’s largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 80 countries.

 

Third group of Myanmar refugees return home from Thailand with UNHCR support

Third group of Myanmar refugees return home from Thailand with UNHCR support

This week more than 500 refugees in Thailand are expected to return to south-eastern Myanmar as part of a voluntary repatriation process led by the Royal Thai Government and the Government of the Union of Myanmar, with the support of UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, and its partners. This is the third such movement, providing returning refugees a chance to rebuild their lives in their home country following decades of displacement in Thailand

The refugees will be departing from five refugee camps on the border and crossing from Thailand into Myanmar’s Kayin and Kayah States. On reception by Myanmar authorities at the border, the returnees will continue on to reception centres, where they will be provided with assistance including immigration support with documentation, and medical screening. From there, they will go on to their final destinations.

Recognising the improved conditions in parts of south-eastern Myanmar, UNHCR has been supporting this government-led process since late 2016, by helping refugees who have expressed a clear desire to go home to do so in safety and dignity.

Refugees have been provided with counselling and information on conditions in return areas by UNHCR and its partners. They are also receiving transport and initial reintegration support. In previous such facilitated return movements in October 2016 and May 2018, 164 refugees returned home from Thailand and UNHCR continues to monitor their reintegration and transition to life in present day Myanmar.

In recognition of the generosity of host communities in welcoming returnees, UNHCR and its partners will continue reintegration efforts including through the implementation of community based projects. Such initiatives are tailored to the needs of each community, and designed to create and support livelihood opportunities, facilitate access to basic services, as well as ease additional pressure on community infrastructure.

“Thailand has been a generous host, sheltering the refugees for many years.  This latest facilitated return movement is an encouraging step, enabling refugees who want to return home to go back in safety and dignity,” said James Lynch, UNHCR’s Regional Representative and Regional Coordinator for South-East Asia.

“UNHCR will continue to advocate for a range of solutions towards ending the refugees’ protracted displacement and encampment in Thailand.”

There are currently more than 97,000 refugees from Myanmar living in nine camps along the Thai-Myanmar border, mainly of Karen and Karenni ethnicity.

 

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For more information on this topic, please contact:

In Bangkok:

Jennifer Harrison, harrison@unhcr.org, +66 822 908 831
Caroline Gluck, gluck@unhcr.org, +66 81 827 0280

In Yangon:

Aoife McDonnell, mcdonnel@unhcr.org, +95 94 0348 7572

 

 

Link to the statement: https://www.unhcr.or.th/en/news/general/pr/third-group-of-myanmar-refugees-return-home-from-thailand-with-unhcr-support

Myanmar and UN’s FAO agree a wide-ranging framework to improve nutrition and food security

Myanmar and UN’s FAO agree a wide-ranging framework to improve nutrition and food security
19/02/2019, Nay Pyi Taw – The Government of Myanmar and the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today signed a multi-year framework agreement that will create an enabling environment to improve nutrition and food security in Myanmar, while safeguarding and sustainably managing the use of natural resources.

The Country Programming Framework (CPF) was signed by U Than Aung Kyaw, Director General, Foreign Economic Relations Department (FERD), Ministry of Investment and Foreign Economic Relations (MIFER) and Xiaojie Fan, FAO Representative in Myanmar. The signing was witnessed by U Set Aung, Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Planning and Finance (MoPF) and Ms Kundhavi Kadiresan, FAO Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific.

The launch of the CPF follows intensive consultations and agreements with the Ministry of Planning and Finance and relevant line ministries, Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), the private sector and other development partners.

Specifically, the CPF intends to help the government achieve three primary goals. The first is enhanced food security, nutrition and food safety. The second is strengthened governance and sustainable management of land, forests, water resources and ecosystems. The third relates to enhanced resilience of local communities and farming households to natural and humanitarian disasters, climate change and transboundary and emerging infectious disease risks.

 

Advances made in food security and nutrition – but concerns remain

Despite having reached a state of self-sufficiency in staple foods, food insecurity, particularly seasonal food insecurity, remain a concern across Myanmar, which risks being worsened due to climate and weather-related shocks and instances of social instability.

Myanmar had experienced a rapid decline in malnutrition figures in just a few decades. The prevalence of stunting among children below the age of five was reduced from around 40 percent in the 1990’s to less than 30 percent in 2016 but the improvements have since slowed.

“With nearly one child in three stunted much work remains to be done for Myanmar to achieve SDG-2, the Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger by 2030” said Kadiresan. “But the fact that the Government of Myanmar and FAO have produced and published this comprehensive framework sets us on a clear path forward.”  The agriculture sector has a major role to play in addressing these sustained rates of food insecurity and malnutrition through agricultural diversification and rural income generation. FAO is ready to do its part to help, Kadiresan added.

 

FAO and Myanmar – 40+ years of collaboration

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar became a full member of the Food and Agriculture Organization in October 1947. The FAO Representation office was established here in 1978 and FAO has had a permanent presence in Myanmar for more than 40 years.

FAO Myanmar has been working in the areas of improved food security and nutrition, agriculture and crop production, livestock, fisheries and forestry. The Organization has also been helping to build resilience and reduce risks from environmental disasters and intervening when asked to respond to outbreaks of diseases in livestock.

 

 

For more information, contact:

Hsu Mon Aung

Communication Officer, FAO Myanmar

FAO-MM@fao.org

 

Allan Dow

FAO Regional Communication Officer (Asia-Pacific)

 

Myanmar: Expert says violence and arrests of Karenni protesters must stop

GENEVA (12 February 2019) – A UN expert has deplored today’s violent police response to protests in Myanmar against a statue of independence hero General Aung San.

“This is yet another example of the Government sidelining the rights of ethnic minorities and failing to truly do what is necessary to unite the country and bring about peace and democracy,” said Yanghee Lee, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar.

Police fired rubber bullets and used batons and water cannons injuring up to 15 protesters in Loikaw, the capital of Kayah State and home to the Karenni ethnic minority. Today is the 72nd Union Day holiday to mark the 12 February 1947 pact promising autonomy for ethnic minorities in a federal Myanmar. Thousands of people had gathered to protest the erection of the statue of General Aung San, the architect of the pact.

“The Government of Myanmar must respect the right of all people to peacefully assemble and express their views about issues that concern them,” said Lee. “Using disproportionate force against peaceful protesters is entirely unacceptable. The arrests must stop.”

Local activists have reported that at least 60 protesters have been arrested since the start of February and charged under the Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law. Thousands of Karenni have taken to the streets to protest against the statue, erected overnight at the end of January, saying it is a show of dominance by the central government that goes against efforts at peace and reconciliation.

Fourteen protesters arrested during a march against the statue on 3 July 2018 have been charged under sections 19 and 20 of the Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law. Nine of those have also been charged with criminal defamation under section 505(b) and (c) of the Penal Code in relation to a letter they distributed to protesters.

General Aung San is the father of Aung San Suu Kyi, the State Counsellor and de facto leader of Myanmar. He was instrumental in the country achieving independence and signed the Panglong Agreement with the Kachin, Chin and Shan ethnic minority groups in 1947, a historic moment that promised a federal union and ethnic autonomy in Myanmar. General Aung San was assassinated shortly after, and the country has been plagued by civil war since.

ENDS

Yanghee Lee (Republic of Korea) was appointed by the UN Human Rights Council in 2014 as the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. She is independent from any government or organization and serves in her individual capacity. Ms. Lee served as member and chairperson of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (2003-2011). She is currently a professor at Sungkyunwan University, Seoul, and serves on the Advisory Committee of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea. Ms. Lee is the founding President of International Child Rights Center.

The Special Rapporteurs are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms. Special Procedures mandate-holders are independent human rights experts appointed by the Human Rights Council to address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. They are not UN staff and are independent from any government or organization. They serve in their individual capacity and do not receive a salary for their work.

UN Human Rights, country page: Myanmar

For more information and media requests please contact: Georgia Drake (+41-22928 9780 / gdrake@ohchr.org).

For media inquiries related to other UN independent experts: Jeremy Laurence, UN Human Rights – Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9383 / jlaurence@ohchr.org