Author Archives: Aye Win

Myanmar: New land law could have disastrous impact on ethnic minorities

Myanmar: New land law could have disastrous impact on ethnic minorities

· Law affects traditional communities who passed down land for generations

· Revenues from resource extraction going to army and its allies

· Alleged crimes committed in Myanmar must be referred to ICC

GENEVA (11 March 2019) – A UN expert has expressed grave concerns about the implementation of a new land law in Myanmar, affecting a third of the country, and the disastrous implications for traditional farming communities in ethnic minority regions.

“Today marks the day that thousands of people living in rural areas in Myanmar may be charged with criminal trespass if they continue to use their lands as they have done for generations,” Yanghee Lee, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, told the Human Rights Council in Geneva.

She said the amended Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Lands Management Law fails to recognise shared land ownership practices, such as customary tenure, and land belonging to IDPs and refugees of conflict that has been left unattended. “The Law does not sufficiently recognise this reality,” Lee said. “The Law affects so many people, and with land insecurity central to the cycle of conflict, poverty and denial of rights, it has the potential to be disastrous.”

The law, which comes into effect on 11 March 2019, requires anyone occupying or using “vacant, fallow, or virgin” land to apply for a permit to use the land for 30 years or face eviction and up to two years in jail. She called on the Government to immediately suspend and review the law.

Lee also raised serious concerns about natural resource extraction, saying it was the one area of the economy she received more reports of human rights abuse in relation to than any other.

“Military-dominated state-owned economic enterprises in natural resource extraction are the regulators, revenue collectors and commercial entities, and they are permitted to retain vast profits that bypass the Government budget with no record kept on how they are spent,” she said.

“Revenues from natural resource extraction needed for vital services and development being diverted to the military and its allies, undermines the civilian Government, democratic reforms, the peace process, sustainable development and the realisation of rights.”

The Special Rapporteur said the Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings Ltd. and Myanmar Economic Corporation were active across many sectors, including natural resource extraction. “The full extent of their business operations and profits are unclear, but their main beneficiaries are most likely to be high-ranking military and ex-military officials,” she said.

Lee said armed conflict continued in northern Shan between ethnic armed organisations and in Rakhine State between the Arakan Army and the Tatmadaw, and civilians were facing rights abuses as a result. Lee called on all parties to end hostilities, and to ensure that they take precautions and protect civilians.

She urged the international community to continue to work for justice for victims in Myanmar. Given that the road to justice was long and uncertain, she said, it was paramount that victims’ needs were addressed. “There is much that Myanmar must do to deal with the past. Reversing the continued stance of denial, and shifting to recognition and acknowledgement would go a long way to bringing about an end to impunity that has long existed in Myanmar.”

Lee called for the situation in Myanmar to be referred to the International Criminal Court by the Security Council, or a state party or group of states parties. “Victims must not be forced to wait in the purgatory of international inaction,” she said, adding if it was not possible to refer the situation to the ICC, the international community should consider establishing an independent tribunal.

ENDS

Yanghee Lee (Republic of Korea) was appointed by the UN Human Rights Council in 2014 as the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. She is independent from any government or organization and serves in her individual capacity. Ms. Lee served as member and chairperson of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (2003-2011). She is currently a professor at Sungkyunwan University, Seoul, and serves on the Advisory Committee of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea. Ms. Lee is the founding President of International Child Rights Center.

The Special Rapporteurs are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms. Special Procedures mandate-holders are independent human rights experts appointed by the Human Rights Council to address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. They are not UN staff and are independent from any government or organization. They serve in their individual capacity and do not receive a salary for their work.

UN Human Rights, country page: Myanmar

For more information and media requests please contact: Georgia Drake (+41-22928 9780 / gdrake@ohchr.org).

For media inquiries related to other UN independent experts: Jeremy Laurence, UN Human Rights – Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9383 / jlaurence@ohchr.org)

Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the Ethiopian Airlines crash / အီသီယိုးပီးယား ေလေၾကာင္းပ်က္က်မႈအေပၚ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ၏ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္

Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the Ethiopian Airlines crash

Stephane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General

The Secretary-General was deeply saddened at the tragic loss of lives in the airplane crash today near Addis Ababa. He conveys his heartfelt sympathies and solidarity to the victims’ families and loved ones, including those of United Nations staff members, as well as sincere condolences to the Government and people of Ethiopia.

The United Nations is in contact with the Ethiopian authorities and working closely with them to establish the details of United Nations personnel who lost their lives in this tragedy.

 

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မတ္လ ၁၀ ရက္၊ ၂၀၁၉။

အီသီယိုးပီးယား ေလေၾကာင္းပ်က္က်မႈအေပၚ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ၏ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္

Stephane Dujarric, ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္၏ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ         

ယေန႔ အဒစ္ အဘာဘာ (Addis Ababa) အနီးတြင္ ေလယာဥ္ပ်က္က်မႈေၾကာင့္ ေၾကကြဲဖြယ္ရာ အသက္ဆံုးရွံဴးမႈမ်ားအတြက္ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္မွ လြန္စြာ၀မ္းနည္းေၾကကြဲရပါသည္။ ကုလသမဂၢ ၀န္ထမ္းမ်ားအပါအ၀င္ အသက္ဆံုးရံွဴးခဲ႔ရသူမ်ား၏ မိသားစု၀င္မ်ား၊ ခ်စ္ခင္ရသူမ်ားကို ထပ္တူစာနာျပီး ၄င္းတို႔နွင့္တသားတည္းရွိပါေၾကာင္း ႏွင့္ အီသီယိုးပီးယားအစိုးရနွင့္ ျပည္သူမ်ားႏွင့္လည္း ထပ္တူ ၀မ္းနည္းေၾကကြဲရပါေၾကာင္း ေဖာ္ျပပါသည္။

ဤေၾကကြဲဖြယ္ျဖစ္ရပ္တြင္ အသက္ဆံုးရွံဴးခဲ႔ရသည္႔ ကုလသမဂၢ၀န္ထမ္းမ်ား၏ အေသးစိတ္အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားကို ရရွိႏိုင္ရန္ ကုလသမဂၢသည္ အီသီယိုးပီးယားမွ တာ၀န္ရွိသူမ်ားႏွင့္ ဆက္သြယ္ျပီး အနီးကပ္လုပ္ကိုင္ေဆာင္ရြက္လ်က္ရွိပါသည္။

 

                                                                    PRESS RELEASE

Ongoing UN and Japan Cooperation on Rakhine extended in 2019 to also support communities in Kachin and Shan

Naypyidaw, 26 February 2019 – The Government of Japan and eight United Nations Agencies today signed a US$ 37 million value agreement to implement humanitarian and development projects in Shan, Kachin and Rakhine States. The funding will enable the delivery of life-saving assistance, protection, trust-building initiatives and early recovery support to women, men, girls and boys across the three states.  This important partnership builds on a US$ 20 million agreement that was signed in 2018, that aimed to assist half a million people in Rakhine State.

“I thank the Government and people of Japan for their continued support to respond to immediate humanitarian needs and address the long-term development prospects in Rakhine as well as Kachin and Shan States,” said UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator ad interim Knut Ostby. “The UN agencies signing today appreciate the continued confidence of our partners that enable us to add urgently needed support for humanitarian activities in Kachin and northern Shan States to the ongoing humanitarian and development initiatives in Rakhine State.” 

The agreements were signed by His Excellency Mr. Ichiro Maruyama, Ambassador of Japan to Myanmar and representatives of the participating UN Agencies. UN bodies that receive contribution under the agreements include the International Organization on Migration (IOM), UN-Habitat, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), UN Women, and the World Food Programme (WFP).

The Agreement was signed in the presence of representatives of the Union Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement and Union Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In order to address cross-cutting humanitarian and development needs, approximately half of the funding will support critical life-saving activities, including food assistance, shelter, water and sanitation. The remaining funds will be invested in longer-term development initiatives to improve living standards for all communities, including restoration of livelihoods and building government capacity. Further activities under these partnerships will include, among others:

  • Supporting the Government of Myanmar in creating conditions conducive to the sustainable return of displaced persons from and within Rakhine State and addressing statelessness;
  • Supporting women leaders to be effective advocates for gender equality and women’s empowerment, and strengthening government capacities to ensure gender-responsive policies, programmes and service delivery;
  • Supporting internally displaced people affected by conflict in three states through critical humanitarian support including food, health, education, protection, shelter and camp management, and water and sanitation programming;
  • Prepare for and implement a community-driven, beneficiary-led rebuilding of settlements for returning refugees and internally displaced persons;
  • Improving service delivery, access to justice, and creating local development opportunities that promote social cohesion and community resilience; and
  • Empowering and protecting women, ensuring they can access health services and can contribute to and benefit from inclusive growth and development.

The projects signed today will be implemented over the next twelve months, with work scheduled to begin in April 2019.

“We must be ambitious because the needs of the people in these three States are great,” added Knut Ostby. “UN agencies have integrated their activities in line with the humanitarian-development-peace-human rights nexus to achieve better results.”

Annex: Sample results achieved over the past 12 months in Rakhine State under the agreement signed between the UN and Japan in February 2018

  • Over 200,000 people received food assistance;
  • School feeding program reached 72,000 primary school students;
  • More than 30,000 internally displaced people benefitted from camp coordination and camp management;
  • Over 1,800 people were supported with reconstruction or repair of shelters;
  • 150,000 people obtained hygiene supplies;
  • 20,000 children received support in child friendly spaces;
  • Mobile clinic treated 15,000 patients;
  • 3,000 of the most vulnerable women and girls received dignity kits containing female hygiene items;
  • Over 11,000 women received sexual and reproductive health services supporting safe birth, and pregnancy by choice, not chance;
  • Cash for work for the rehabilitation of social infrastructures is being provided in four townships, covering a total of 28 village tracts, 88 villages and 15,000 households;
  • Over 90 law officers and judiciaries participated in knowledge sharing forums on due process, fair trials, human rights and gender-based violence in August and October 2018.

For further information contact:

UNFPA: Yenny Gamming +95-9260400005 or gamming@unfpa.org

UNICEF: Alison Rhodes, ++95 1 2305960 Ext: 2420 or arhodes@unicef.org

UNHCR: Billie Phillips, +95 9785505364 or phillips@unhcr.org

UNDP: Sandra Barrows, +(95-1) 542910 to 19 Ext: 2237 or sandra.barrows@undp.org

Office of the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator: Stanislav Saling, +95 942 6519871 or stanislav.saling@one.un.org

 Background on UN agencies

 Established in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners. With 169-member states, a further 8 states holding observer status and offices in over 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people. IOM established its operations in Myanmar in 2005, and Myanmar became IOM’s member state in 2012.

On the ground in about 170 countries and territories, UNDP works to eradicate poverty while protecting the planet. We help countries develop strong policies, skills, partnerships and institutions so they can sustain their progress.

UNFPA works to deliver a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled. Active in Myanmar since  1973, UNFPA partners with the Government, NGOs and other development stakeholders to implement programmes on sexual and reproductive health and rights; gender equality and women’s empowerment; and population data for development.

UN-Habitat is the United Nations programme working towards a better urban future. Its mission is to promote socially and environmentally sustainable human settlements development and the achievement of adequate shelter for all.

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is mandated to provide humanitarian aid and protection to refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people worldwide, and assist in their safe and voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement.

UNICEF has been working with the Government and the people of Myanmar since 1950. In partnership with the Government and the civil society, UNICEF’s current focus of work aims at reducing child mortality, improving access and quality of education and protecting children from violence, abuse and exploitation.

UN Women is the UN organization dedicated to gender equality and the empowerment of women. A global champion for women and girls, UN Women was established to accelerate progress on meeting their needs worldwide. UN Women supports UN Member States as they set global standards for achieving gender equality, and works with governments and civil society to design laws, policies, programmes and services needed to ensure that the standards are effectively implemented and truly benefit women and girls worldwide.

WFP is the world’s largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 80 countries.

 

Third group of Myanmar refugees return home from Thailand with UNHCR support

Third group of Myanmar refugees return home from Thailand with UNHCR support

This week more than 500 refugees in Thailand are expected to return to south-eastern Myanmar as part of a voluntary repatriation process led by the Royal Thai Government and the Government of the Union of Myanmar, with the support of UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, and its partners. This is the third such movement, providing returning refugees a chance to rebuild their lives in their home country following decades of displacement in Thailand

The refugees will be departing from five refugee camps on the border and crossing from Thailand into Myanmar’s Kayin and Kayah States. On reception by Myanmar authorities at the border, the returnees will continue on to reception centres, where they will be provided with assistance including immigration support with documentation, and medical screening. From there, they will go on to their final destinations.

Recognising the improved conditions in parts of south-eastern Myanmar, UNHCR has been supporting this government-led process since late 2016, by helping refugees who have expressed a clear desire to go home to do so in safety and dignity.

Refugees have been provided with counselling and information on conditions in return areas by UNHCR and its partners. They are also receiving transport and initial reintegration support. In previous such facilitated return movements in October 2016 and May 2018, 164 refugees returned home from Thailand and UNHCR continues to monitor their reintegration and transition to life in present day Myanmar.

In recognition of the generosity of host communities in welcoming returnees, UNHCR and its partners will continue reintegration efforts including through the implementation of community based projects. Such initiatives are tailored to the needs of each community, and designed to create and support livelihood opportunities, facilitate access to basic services, as well as ease additional pressure on community infrastructure.

“Thailand has been a generous host, sheltering the refugees for many years.  This latest facilitated return movement is an encouraging step, enabling refugees who want to return home to go back in safety and dignity,” said James Lynch, UNHCR’s Regional Representative and Regional Coordinator for South-East Asia.

“UNHCR will continue to advocate for a range of solutions towards ending the refugees’ protracted displacement and encampment in Thailand.”

There are currently more than 97,000 refugees from Myanmar living in nine camps along the Thai-Myanmar border, mainly of Karen and Karenni ethnicity.

 

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For more information on this topic, please contact:

In Bangkok:

Jennifer Harrison, harrison@unhcr.org, +66 822 908 831
Caroline Gluck, gluck@unhcr.org, +66 81 827 0280

In Yangon:

Aoife McDonnell, mcdonnel@unhcr.org, +95 94 0348 7572

 

 

Link to the statement: https://www.unhcr.or.th/en/news/general/pr/third-group-of-myanmar-refugees-return-home-from-thailand-with-unhcr-support

Myanmar and UN’s FAO agree a wide-ranging framework to improve nutrition and food security

Myanmar and UN’s FAO agree a wide-ranging framework to improve nutrition and food security
19/02/2019, Nay Pyi Taw – The Government of Myanmar and the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today signed a multi-year framework agreement that will create an enabling environment to improve nutrition and food security in Myanmar, while safeguarding and sustainably managing the use of natural resources.

The Country Programming Framework (CPF) was signed by U Than Aung Kyaw, Director General, Foreign Economic Relations Department (FERD), Ministry of Investment and Foreign Economic Relations (MIFER) and Xiaojie Fan, FAO Representative in Myanmar. The signing was witnessed by U Set Aung, Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Planning and Finance (MoPF) and Ms Kundhavi Kadiresan, FAO Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific.

The launch of the CPF follows intensive consultations and agreements with the Ministry of Planning and Finance and relevant line ministries, Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), the private sector and other development partners.

Specifically, the CPF intends to help the government achieve three primary goals. The first is enhanced food security, nutrition and food safety. The second is strengthened governance and sustainable management of land, forests, water resources and ecosystems. The third relates to enhanced resilience of local communities and farming households to natural and humanitarian disasters, climate change and transboundary and emerging infectious disease risks.

 

Advances made in food security and nutrition – but concerns remain

Despite having reached a state of self-sufficiency in staple foods, food insecurity, particularly seasonal food insecurity, remain a concern across Myanmar, which risks being worsened due to climate and weather-related shocks and instances of social instability.

Myanmar had experienced a rapid decline in malnutrition figures in just a few decades. The prevalence of stunting among children below the age of five was reduced from around 40 percent in the 1990’s to less than 30 percent in 2016 but the improvements have since slowed.

“With nearly one child in three stunted much work remains to be done for Myanmar to achieve SDG-2, the Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger by 2030” said Kadiresan. “But the fact that the Government of Myanmar and FAO have produced and published this comprehensive framework sets us on a clear path forward.”  The agriculture sector has a major role to play in addressing these sustained rates of food insecurity and malnutrition through agricultural diversification and rural income generation. FAO is ready to do its part to help, Kadiresan added.

 

FAO and Myanmar – 40+ years of collaboration

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar became a full member of the Food and Agriculture Organization in October 1947. The FAO Representation office was established here in 1978 and FAO has had a permanent presence in Myanmar for more than 40 years.

FAO Myanmar has been working in the areas of improved food security and nutrition, agriculture and crop production, livestock, fisheries and forestry. The Organization has also been helping to build resilience and reduce risks from environmental disasters and intervening when asked to respond to outbreaks of diseases in livestock.

 

 

For more information, contact:

Hsu Mon Aung

Communication Officer, FAO Myanmar

FAO-MM@fao.org

 

Allan Dow

FAO Regional Communication Officer (Asia-Pacific)

 

Myanmar: Expert says violence and arrests of Karenni protesters must stop

GENEVA (12 February 2019) – A UN expert has deplored today’s violent police response to protests in Myanmar against a statue of independence hero General Aung San.

“This is yet another example of the Government sidelining the rights of ethnic minorities and failing to truly do what is necessary to unite the country and bring about peace and democracy,” said Yanghee Lee, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar.

Police fired rubber bullets and used batons and water cannons injuring up to 15 protesters in Loikaw, the capital of Kayah State and home to the Karenni ethnic minority. Today is the 72nd Union Day holiday to mark the 12 February 1947 pact promising autonomy for ethnic minorities in a federal Myanmar. Thousands of people had gathered to protest the erection of the statue of General Aung San, the architect of the pact.

“The Government of Myanmar must respect the right of all people to peacefully assemble and express their views about issues that concern them,” said Lee. “Using disproportionate force against peaceful protesters is entirely unacceptable. The arrests must stop.”

Local activists have reported that at least 60 protesters have been arrested since the start of February and charged under the Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law. Thousands of Karenni have taken to the streets to protest against the statue, erected overnight at the end of January, saying it is a show of dominance by the central government that goes against efforts at peace and reconciliation.

Fourteen protesters arrested during a march against the statue on 3 July 2018 have been charged under sections 19 and 20 of the Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law. Nine of those have also been charged with criminal defamation under section 505(b) and (c) of the Penal Code in relation to a letter they distributed to protesters.

General Aung San is the father of Aung San Suu Kyi, the State Counsellor and de facto leader of Myanmar. He was instrumental in the country achieving independence and signed the Panglong Agreement with the Kachin, Chin and Shan ethnic minority groups in 1947, a historic moment that promised a federal union and ethnic autonomy in Myanmar. General Aung San was assassinated shortly after, and the country has been plagued by civil war since.

ENDS

Yanghee Lee (Republic of Korea) was appointed by the UN Human Rights Council in 2014 as the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. She is independent from any government or organization and serves in her individual capacity. Ms. Lee served as member and chairperson of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (2003-2011). She is currently a professor at Sungkyunwan University, Seoul, and serves on the Advisory Committee of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea. Ms. Lee is the founding President of International Child Rights Center.

The Special Rapporteurs are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms. Special Procedures mandate-holders are independent human rights experts appointed by the Human Rights Council to address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. They are not UN staff and are independent from any government or organization. They serve in their individual capacity and do not receive a salary for their work.

UN Human Rights, country page: Myanmar

For more information and media requests please contact: Georgia Drake (+41-22928 9780 / gdrake@ohchr.org).

For media inquiries related to other UN independent experts: Jeremy Laurence, UN Human Rights – Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9383 / jlaurence@ohchr.org

 

UN Special Representative Ms. Pramila Patten concludes her visit in Myanmar and calls for concrete implementation of Government’s commitments to prevent and address conflict-related sexual violence

OFFICE OF THE SPECIAL REPRESENTATIVE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL ON SEXUAL VIOLENCE IN CONFLICT

UN Special Representative Ms. Pramila Patten concludes her visit in Myanmar and calls for concrete implementation of Government’s commitments to prevent and address conflict-related sexual violence

 Press Statement: For Immediate Release

(Yangon/New York, 11 February 2019)

At the invitation of the Government of Myanmar, I conducted a 4-day visit to Yangon and Nay Pyi Taw from 5 to 8 February 2019. This was my second visit in the country and it followed the signing of a Joint Communiqué between the United Nations and the Government of Myanmar to prevent and respond to conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV).

The Joint Communiqué is premised on UN Security Council resolution 2106 (2013) which calls for specific time-bound commitments to combat sexual violence and requires concrete actions to be undertaken by the Myanmar Armed Forces such as the issuance of clear orders through chain of command to prohibit sexual violence and accountability for breaching these orders as well as timely investigation of all alleged abuses. The Joint Communiqué also outlines  six  priority “preventive measures”  as areas for cooperation between the United Nations and the Government of Myanmar  covering legislative reforms and strengthening of the  rule of law; capacity-building  of the  security and justice sectors; enhanced access to affected population for timely delivery of life-saving services to survivors of sexual violence; inclusion of provisions on prevention and response to CRSV in peace and repatriation agreements including in transitional justice mechanisms; exclusion from amnesties of  perpetrators of  sexual violence crimes; and risk-mitigation of conflict-related trafficking for the purpose of sexual violence/ exploitation.

During my visit, I had the opportunity to substantively engage with Government officials and in particular with the Ministers of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement; Defence; International Cooperation; Office of the State Counsellor; the Deputy Minister of Home Affairs and the Union Attorney General. I also met with representatives from women’s civil society organizations, international NGOs, United Nations and diplomatic community.

The meetings with the Ministers were constructive and I am encouraged by a range of policy and legal reform initiatives underway. I offered the support of my Office and of the United Nations to align those efforts with international standards and to ensure that they specifically address conflict-related sexual violence. Specifically, I call for the wide dissemination of the newly-adopted Guidelines for caring of survivors of sexual violence and for improved referrals mechanisms between social protection, health, legal and justice actors. I also call on the Government to ensure that the draft Prevention of Violence against Women law is fully in line with international standards and urge for its adoption without further delay.

The signing of the Joint Communiqué in December 2018 is a positive signal given by the Government of Myanmar and during my visit concrete steps to kick start the implementation of the commitments taken by the Government in the Joint Communiqué have been identified including the establishment of an Inter-Ministerial infrastructure.

However, as conflict is ongoing, it is critical that efforts are undertaken by all parties to prevent conflict-related sexual violence.  I further call upon all parties to the conflict to distinguish between civilians and combatants, to allow civilians to seek safety and access humanitarian assistance, and to prevent retaliation against victims, their families or service providers who support them.

For media inquiries, please contact:

Ms. Emmanuelle Compingt and Ms. Geraldine Boezio

Office of the Special Representative on Sexual Violence in Conflict, New York

Tel: + 1 917 367-2792

Email: geraldine.boezio@un.org ; emmanuelle.compingt@un.org

 

Follow us on Twitter and Facebook: @endrapeinwar

 

 

 

ကုလသမဂၢအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္၏ အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္ မစၥပရာမီလာပက္တန္၏ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံခရီးစဥ္ ျပီးဆံုုး ၊ ပဋိပကၡအတြင္း လိင္ပုိင္းဆုိင္ရာ အၾကမ္းဖက္မႈ တာဆီးကာကြယ္ ေျဖရွင္းေရး ႏွင့္ စပ္လ်ဥ္း၍ အစုုိးရ၏ ကတိကဝတ္မ်ားအား ခိုင္ခိုင္မာမာ အေကာင္အထည္ေဖာ္ရန္ တိုက္တြန္း

20190209 Press Statement SRSG Patten Visit to Myanmar (Burmese language)

Myanmar:  UN expert welcomes moves to amend constitution

Myanmar:  UN expert welcomes moves to amend constitution

GENEVA (7 February 2019) – The UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, who has been critical of the Government’s failure to pursue democratic reforms, has welcomed the establishment of a parliamentary committee to amend the problematic constitution.

“The establishment of this committee is a positive development that I hope will aid Myanmar to truly transition to democracy,” said Yanghee Lee. “The people wish the constitution to be amended, and I encourage the new joint committee to carry out their will.”

The ruling National League for Democracy party, led by Aung San Suu Kyi, pledged to amend the constitution during its 2015 national election campaign, which it won by a landslide.

Myanmar’s 2008 constitution was drafted by the previous military government and has been a key stumbling point in the country’s ability to move from decades of military rule towards democracy. It reserves 25 percent of the seats in parliament to members of the military, as well as designating military control of the Ministries of Home Affairs, Defence Services and Border Affairs.

“The current constitution is not democratic, and Myanmar cannot be considered a democracy without it being amended,” the Special Rapporteur said.

ENDS

Yanghee Lee (Republic of Korea) was appointed by the UN Human Rights Council in 2014 as the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. She is independent from any government or organization and serves in her individual capacity. Ms. Lee served as member and chairperson of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (2003-2011). She is currently a professor at Sungkyunwan University, Seoul, and serves on the Advisory Committee of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea. Ms. Lee is the founding President of International Child Rights Center.

The Special Rapporteurs are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms. Special Procedures mandate-holders are independent human rights experts appointed by the Human Rights Council to address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. They are not UN staff and are independent from any government or organization. They serve in their individual capacity and do not receive a salary for their work.

UN Human Rights, country page: Myanmar

For more information and media requests please contact: Georgia Drake (+41-22928 9780 / gdrake@ohchr.org).

For media inquiries related to other UN independent experts: Jeremy Laurence, UN Human Rights – Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9383 / jlaurence@ohchr.org

ကုလသမဂၢအေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္၏ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္ – “အျပန္အလွန္ေဆြးေႏြးဖလွယ္မႈသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံကို ပိုမိုအားေကာင္းေစလိမ့္မည္”

သတင္းမီဒီယာသို႔ျပန္ၾကားခ်က္

ကုလသမဂၢအေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္၏ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္

“အျပန္အလွန္ေဆြးေႏြးဖလွယ္မႈသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံကို ပိုမိုအားေကာင္းေစလိမ့္မည္”

 

ကုလသမဂၢအေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္၏ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္သည္ ဇန္နဝါရီလ ၁၈ ရက္မွ ၂၉ ရက္အထိ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသို႔ လာေရာက္လည္ပတ္ခဲ့သည္။ ထိုကာလအတြင္း အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္သည္ ေနျပည္ေတာ္ရွိ သူမ၏ ရံုးသစ္ ျပင္ဆင္ဖြင့္လွစ္မႈအား ႀကီးၾကပ္ေပးခဲ့ၿပီး ထိုရံုးတြင္ သူမသည္ ျပည္ေထာင္စုအဆင့္ ဝန္ႀကီးမ်ား၊ လြတ္လပ္သည့္ စံုစမ္းစစ္ေဆးေရးေကာ္မရွင္၏ ဥကၠ႒တို႔ႏွင့္လည္း ေတြ႕ဆံုေဆြးေႏြးခဲ့ပါသည္။ သူမသည္ စစ္ေတြၿမိဳ႕သို႔ သြားေရာက္ခဲ့ၿပီး ျပည္နယ္အဆင့္ရွိ သက္ဆိုင္ရာ အစိုးရဝန္ႀကီးဌာန ဝန္ႀကီးမ်ား၊ လူသားခ်င္းစာနာ ေထာက္ထားမႈဆိုင္ရာအဖဲြ႕အစည္းမ်ား၊ ႏိုင္ငံေရးပါတီမ်ား၊ အရပ္ဘက္လူမႈအဖဲြ႕အစည္းမ်ား၊ ေနရပ္စြန္႕ခြာ ေရႊ႕ေျပာင္းသူမ်ားႏွင့္ ေတြ႕ဆံုခဲ့ပါသည္။ ထို႔ျပင္ အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္သည္ ကုလသမဂၢအဖဲြ႕အစည္းမ်ား၊ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ အစိုးရမဟုတ္ေသာ အဖဲြ႕အစည္းမ်ား၊ သံတမန္အသိုင္းအဝိုင္းႏွင့္လည္း ရန္ကုန္တြင္ ေတြ႕ဆံုခဲ့ပါသည္။

စစ္ေတြသို႔ သြားေရာက္ခဲ့ေသာ သူမ၏ ခရီးစဥ္တြင္ လြတ္လပ္စြာသြားလာခြင့္အတြက္ အဟန္႕အတားမ်ားကို သိရွိရန္ႏွင့္ ေျဖရွင္းႏိုင္မည့္ နည္းလမ္းမ်ားကို ရွာေဖြရန္ အဓိကဦးတည္ေဆာင္ရြက္ခဲ့ပါသည္။ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္ အေၾကာင္းအမ်ိဳးမ်ိဳးေၾကာင့္ လြတ္လပ္စြာ သြားလာခြင့္မရဘဲ ကန္႕သတ္ခံထားရသူ အမ်ားအျပားရွိပါသည္။ “လြတ္ လပ္စြာသြားလာခြင့္သည္ လူအားလံုးအတြက္ႏွင့္ ၎တို႔၏ အသက္ေမြးဝမ္းေက်ာင္းမႈလုပ္ငန္းမ်ားအား လက္လွမ္းမီမႈ အတြက္ အဓိကက်ပါေၾကာင္း၊ လြတ္လပ္စြာသြားလာခြင့္မရွိလွ်င္ ကေလးမ်ား ေက်ာင္းတက္ႏိုင္မည္မဟုတ္သလို လူမ်ားမွာလည္း ေဆးရံုမ်ားသို႔ သြားေရာက္ႏိုင္မည္မဟုတ္ေၾကာင္း၊ ယံုၾကည္မႈကို ျပန္လည္တည္ေဆာက္ရန္ အေရးႀကီးေၾကာင္း” သူမက ေျပာပါသည္။

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံတစ္ဝွမ္းလံုးတြင္ ျပည္သူမ်ား ရင္ဆိုင္ေနရသည့္ ေနရပ္စြန္႕ခြာေရႊ႕ေျပာင္းရမႈကိစၥကို ကိုင္တြယ္ ေျဖရွင္းရန္ႏွင့္ အဆံုးသတ္ရန္ ရည္ရြယ္သည့္ “IDP စခန္းမ်ားပိတ္သိမ္းျခင္း – IDP မ်ား၏ ဘဝ ေဘးကင္းလံုျခံဳ၍ ဂုဏ္သိကၡာရွိၿပီး အမွီအခိုကင္းစြာ ျပန္လည္တည္ေဆာက္ေရး” ဆိုင္ရာ အမ်ိဳးသားအဆင့္ မဟာဗ်ဴဟာတစ္ရပ္ ေရးဆြဲရန္ အစိုးရ၏ ႀကိဳးပမ္းမႈအား အထူးကုိယ္စားလွယ္က ႀကိဳဆိုခဲ့ပါသည္။ သူမက လူမႈဝန္ထမ္း၊ ကယ္ဆယ္ေရး ႏွင့္ ျပန္လည္ေနရာခ်ထားေရး ဝန္ႀကီးဌာနအား ထိုမဟာဗ်ဴဟာကို ခိုင္မာသည့္ လုပ္ငန္းစီမံခ်က္မ်ားျဖင့္ ႏိုင္ငံတကာ စည္းမ်ဥ္းမ်ား၊ စံႏႈန္းမ်ားႏွင့္အညီ တတ္ႏိုင္သမွ်အျမန္ဆံုး အေကာင္အထည္ေဖာ္ရန္ တိုက္တြန္းခဲ့ၿပီး သူမအေနျဖင့္ လည္း တတ္ႏိုင္သမွ် ကူညီပံ့ပိုးေပးသြားမည္ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ပါသည္။

ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္တြင္ မိမိသေဘာဆႏၵအေလွ်ာက္ ေဘးကင္းလံုျခံဳ၍ ဂုဏ္သိကၡာရွိစြာ ေရရွည္ရပ္တည္ႏိုင္မည့္ နည္းလမ္းျဖင့္ ေနရပ္ျပန္လာႏိုင္သည့္ အေျခအေနမ်ား ျဖစ္ေပၚလာသည့္အခါ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားအေနျဖင့္ ေနရပ္ျပန္လာ ႏိုင္သည့္ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္ကို ရွင္းျပထားသည့္ လက္ကမ္းစာလႊာတစ္ခုအား ေကာ့စ္ဘဇားရွိ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ားအတြက္ ျပဳစု ထားျခင္းကိုလည္း အထူးကုိယ္စားလွယ္က ခ်ီးက်ဴးခဲ့ပါသည္။ သူမ၏ ဒါကာသို႔ သြားေရာက္မည့္ ခရီးစဥ္တြင္ ထုိ လက္ကမ္းစာလႊာအား ျဖန္႕ေဝႏိုင္ေရး ကူညီေပးရန္ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္အစိုးရအား ပန္ၾကားေပးမည္ဟု ကတိျပဳထား ပါသည္။

ယခုလက္ရွိ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ေျမာက္ပိုင္းရွိ အေျခအေနမ်ားအရ လူသားခ်င္းစာနာေထာက္ထားမႈဆိုင္ရာ အဖဲြ႕အစည္းမ်ား သြားေရာက္ႏိုင္ရန္ႏွင့္ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ား ေနရပ္ျပန္ရန္ ပိုမို ခက္ခဲေနေၾကာင္း အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္က နားလည္ ပါသည္။ သို႔ေသာ္ ထိုေဒသရွိ အရပ္သားမ်ားကို ကူညီရန္အတြက္ လူသားခ်င္းစာနာေထာက္ထားမႈဆိုင္ရာ ႏိုင္ငံတကာႏွင့္ ျပည္တြင္း အဖဲြ႕အစည္းမ်ားကို သြားေရာက္ခြင့္ျပဳရန္ အေရးႀကီးေၾကာင္း အေလးေပးေျပာၾကားၿပီး ပစ္ခတ္တိုက္ခတ္မႈမ်ားကို တတ္ႏိုင္သမွ် အျမန္ဆံုးရပ္တန္႕ၾကရန္လည္း သူမက အားလံုးကို တိုက္တြန္းပါသည္။

မၾကာေသးမီက ရခိုင္တပ္မေတာ္ (AA) ၏ တိုက္ခိုက္မႈႏွင့္ တပ္မေတာ္၏တုံ႔ျပန္မႈမ်ားျဖစ္ပြားခဲ့ၿပီး ရခုိင္တပ္မေတာ္၏ တိုက္ခိုက္မႈေၾကာင့္ အသက္ဆံုးရံႈးရမႈႏွင့္ ေနရပ္စြန္႕ခြာထြက္ေျပးရမႈမ်ားအတြက္ သူမက ဝမ္းနည္း ေၾကာင္း ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ၿပီး ႏွစ္ဖက္အျပန္အလွန္ေဆြးေႏြးမႈျဖင့္ အားလံုးပါဝင္ႏိုင္ေသာ ညိႇႏိႈင္းေဆြးေႏြးမႈ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္ တစ္ခု ေဆာင္ရြက္ရန္တိုက္တြန္းခဲ႔ျပီး ႏွစ္ဖက္၏ႀကိဳးပမ္းအားထုတ္ေနမႈမ်ားကိုလည္း သူမက ႀကိဳဆိုခဲ့ပါသည္။ တပ္မေတာ္မွ တာဝန္ရွိသူမ်ားႏွင့္ေတြ႕ဆံုရာတြင္ သူမက ကာကြယ္ေရးဦးစီးခ်ဳပ္၏ ၂၀၁၈ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဒီဇင္ဘာလ ၂၁ ရက္ေန႕က အပစ္အခတ္ရပ္စဲေၾကာင္း ေၾကညာခ်က္ကို ႀကိဳဆိုေၾကာင္းႏွင့္ တိုင္းရင္းသားလက္နက္ကိုင္ အဖဲြ႕အစည္းမ်ား အားလံုးအား ေဆြးေႏြးဖလွယ္ပြဲတြင္ ပါဝင္လာေအာင္ ဖိတ္ၾကားရန္ တိုက္တြန္းေျပာၾကားပါသည္။ တိုက္ခိုက္မႈမ်ား ျဖစ္ပြားေနခ်ိန္တြင္ ေတြ႕ဆံုေဆြးေႏြးရန္ ခက္ခဲမည္ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္းကို သူမက နားလည္အသိအမွတ္ျပဳပါသည္။ လက္ရွိတြင္ လံုျခံဳေရးဆိုင္ရာ စိန္ေခၚမႈမ်ားႏွင့္ ရင္ဆိုင္ေနရသည့္တိုင္ အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္က တပ္မေတာ္ ေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားအား ေဆြးေႏြးညိႇႏိႈင္းမႈမ်ားကို ဆက္လက္ တံခါးဖြင့္ႀကိဳဆိုေပးပါရန္ ကမ္းလွမ္းခဲ့ပါသည္။ “ယခုအခ်ိန္တြင္ ေတြ႕ဆံုေဆြးေႏြးရန္မွာ ပို၍ပင္ အေရးႀကီးေၾကာင္း” သူမက တိုက္တြန္းေျပာၾကားပါသည္။ ထိုအေျခအေနမ်ား ျဖစ္ေပၚေနခ်ိန္တြင္ ဗဟုိခ်ဳပ္ကိုင္မႈ ေလွ်ာ့ခ်ေရးႏွင့္ ဖက္ဒရယ္စနစ္ဆီသို႔ ေလွ်ာက္လွမ္းရန္ ပထမေျခလွမ္းအျဖစ္ အေထြေထြအုပ္ခ်ဳပ္ေရးဦးစီးဌာနအား ျပည္ေထာင္စုအစိုးရရံုး ဝန္ႀကီးဌာနေအာက္သို႔ မၾကာေသးမီက ေျပာင္းေရႊ႕ထားရွိလိုက္ျခင္းကိုလည္း သူမက ႀကိဳဆို ခဲ့ပါသည္။

“ေဆြးေႏြးဖလွယ္မႈမ်ားသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအား ပိုမိုအားေကာင္းလာေစလိမ့္မည္ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း” အထူးကိုယ္စား လွယ္က သူမ၏ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ခရီးစဥ္အတြင္း ရခိုင္အမ်ိဳးသားပါတီမွ ေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားႏွင့္ ေတြ႕ဆံုစဥ္ ေျပာၾကားခဲ့ ပါသည္။ အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္က ထိုပါတီေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားႏွင့္ ဝန္ႀကီးမ်ားအား ခဲြျခားဆက္ဆံမႈႏွင့္ အမုန္းစကား မ်ားကို ျပတ္ျပတ္သားသား ရင္ဆိုင္ဆန္႕က်င္ရန္ႏွင့္  ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ မတူကဲြျပားမႈမ်ားကို အားနည္းခ်က္တစ္ခု အျဖစ္မဟုတ္ဘဲ တန္ဖိုးရွိေသာ အရင္းအျမစ္တစ္ခုအျဖစ္ ပိုက္ေထြးရန္ တိုက္တြန္းခဲ့ပါသည္။ ရခိုင္ေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ား၏ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ား ေနရပ္ျပန္လာျခင္းကို လက္ခံရန္ ဆႏၵရွိေၾကာင္း ထုတ္ေဖာ္ေျပာၾကားမႈကိုလည္း သူမက ႀကိဳဆိုခဲ့ပါ သည္။ NVC ကတ္အသစ္မ်ားတြင္ ကိုးကြယ္သည့္ဘာသာ သို႔မဟုတ္ လူမ်ိဳး တို႔ကို ထည့္သြင္းေဖာ္ျပေတာ့မည္ မဟုတ္ေၾကာင္း အာမခံေျပာၾကားမႈမ်ား ရွိသည့္အတြက္ သူမသည္ သူမ ေတြ႕ဆံုခဲ့သည့္ ေနရပ္စြန္႕ခြာေရႊ႕ေျပာင္းသူမ်ားအား ႏိုင္ငံတြင္းတြင္ တစ္ေနရာမွ တစ္ေနရာသို႔ သြားလာႏိုင္ရန္အလို႔ငွာ ကတ္မ်ားေလွ်ာက္ထားေရးကို စဥ္စားဆံုးျဖတ္ႏိုင္ရန္ အားေပးခဲ့ပါသည္။ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ဝန္ႀကီးက သူမေရွ႕တြင္ ေနရပ္စြန္႕ခြာ ေရႊ႕ေျပာင္းသူမ်ားအား “NVC ကတ္မ်ားသည္ ႏိုင္ငံျခားသားမ်ားအတြက္ မဟုတ္ေၾကာင္း၊ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအတြင္း ေနထိုင္ သူမ်ားအတြက္ ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း၊ ထိုကတ္မ်ားသည္ ႏိုင္ငံသားရရွိေရးအတြက္ ပထမေျခလွမ္းျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း၊ ယင္းသည္ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္တစ္ခုတည္းႏွင့္သာ သက္ဆိုင္သည္ မဟုတ္ တစ္ႏိုင္ငံလံုးႏွင့္သက္ဆိုင္ေၾကာင္း၊ ျမန္မာ-ထိုင္းနယ္စပ္ႏွင့္ ကပ္ေနသည့္ ႏိုင္ငံအေရွ႕ပိုင္းတြင္လည္း အလားတူပင္ ေလွ်ာက္ထားရန္လိုေၾကာင္း” ရွင္းျပသည္ကို ၾကားရသည့္ အတြက္ ေက်နပ္ဝမ္းေျမာက္ခဲ့ရပါသည္။ ႏိုင္ငံသားေလွ်ာက္ထားမႈလုပ္ငန္းစဥ္ ပြင့္လင္းျမင္သာမႈရွိေရး အေရးႀကီးေသာ ေျခလွမ္းတစ္ရပ္အျဖစ္ ႏိုင္ငံသားေလွ်ာက္ထားမႈမ်ားႏွင့္စပ္လ်ဥ္းသည့္ တိုင္ၾကားစာမ်ားကို လက္ခံေျဖရွင္းေပးသည့္ ေကာ္မတီတစ္ရပ္ ျပည္သူ႕လႊတ္ေတာ္တြင္ ဖဲြ႕စည္းခဲ့ျခင္းကိုလည္း သူမက ႀကိဳဆိုခဲ့ပါသည္။

အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္က ျပည္ေထာင္စုသမၼတျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံႏွင့္ ဘဂၤလားေဒ့ရွ္ႏိုင္ငံတို႔သည္ ဒုကၡသည္မ်ား ေနရပ္ျပန္ေရးကိစၥတြင္ ပူးေပါင္းေဆာင္ရြက္မႈမ်ားကို ထပ္မံတိုးျမႇင့္ႏိုင္ရန္ ေမွ်ာ္လင့္ၿပီး သူမသည္ ေဖေဖၚဝါရီလတြင္ ဒါကာသို႔ သြားေရာက္ရန္ ရည္ရြယ္ထားပါသည္။ ထုိ႔ျပင္ သူမသည္ ကုလသမဂၢအဖဲြ႕အတြင္း တိုင္ပင္ေဆြးေႏြးမႈမ်ား ျပဳလုပ္ရန္အတြက္   ေဖေဖၚဝါရီလတြင္ နယူးေယာက္ၿမိဳ႕သို႔ ျပန္မည္ျဖစ္သည္။

မီဒီယာအခ်ိဳ႕တြင္ ေဖာ္ျပထားသကဲ့သုိ႔ အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္အား ျပည္ေထာင္စုသမၼတျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအစိုးရမွ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ေျမာက္ပိုင္းသို႔ သြားေရာက္ခြင့္ျပဳရန္ ျငင္းဆန္ထားျခင္း အလ်ဥ္းမရွိပါ။ သူမ၏ ဒီဇင္ဘာလ ခရီးစဥ္မ်ား မွာ ေရးဆြဲထားၿပီးျဖစ္ကာ ထိုခရီးစဥ္မ်ားထဲတြင္ ရခိုင္ျပည္နယ္ေျမာက္ပိုင္းသို႔ သြားေရာက္မည့္ အစီအစဥ္ မပါဝင္ပါ။ အဘယ္ေၾကာင့္ဆိုေသာ္ သူမသည္ ပထမဆံုးအေနျဖင့္ လြတ္လပ္စြာ သြားလာခြင့္ ကန္႕သတ္ခ်က္မ်ားအတြက္ အဓိကထား ေဆာင္ရြက္လိုၿပီး ထိုကန္႕သတ္ခ်က္မ်ားေၾကာင့္ ထိခိုက္နစ္နာေနရသည့္ စစ္ေတြႏွင့္ အနီးဝန္းက်င္ရွိ လူမ်ားႏွင့္ ေတြ႕ဆံုရန္ အခ်ိန္ပိုေပးလိုသည့္အတြက္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။

ထပ္မံသိလိုသည္မ်ား ရွိပါက Stanislav Saling (stanislav.saling@one.un.org or +95 9426519871) သို႔မဟုတ္ Claudine Haenni (claudine.haenni@un.org or +95 9892103145) တို႔ကို ဆက္သြယ္ႏိုင္ပါသည္။

 

ရွင္းလင္းခ်က္

အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္ဆိုသည္မွာ ကုလသမဂၢအေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ကိုယ္စား ေဆာင္ရြက္ရန္ တာဝန္ေပးအပ္ခံရသူ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ အျခားေသာ ကုလသမဂၢအဖဲြ႕အစည္းမ်ားႏွင့္ သက္ဆိုင္ျခင္း မရွိပါ။

 

 

ေနျပည္ေတာ္၊ ၂၀၁၉ ခုႏွစ္၊ ဇန္နဝါရီလ ၂၉ ရက္