Author Archives: United Nations

Note to Correspondents: Statement by UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Myanmar

Yangon,12 October 2016

The UN Resident/Humanitarian Coordinator in Myanmar strongly condemns the violent attacks and killings in Maungdaw district. She has expressed to the authorities her condolences for the death of the border guard police personnel and is deeply saddened by all loss of life. She is also very concerned about the unfolding situation and has conveyed this to the Government. The UN continues to follow the situation, urging that rule of law be fully respected, civilians be protected and all efforts made to deescalate tensions. The UN hopes this situation can be resolved quickly so that the people in Rakhine State can move toward the peaceful, prosperous and harmonious future they all deserve.


Global attitudes towards corruption have changed dramatically. Where once bribery, corruption and illicit financial flows were often considered part of the cost of doing business, today corruption is widely — and rightly — understood as criminal and corrosive. The new 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, our plan to end poverty and ensure lives of dignity for all, recognizes the need to fight corruption in all its aspects and calls for significant reductions in illicit financial flows as well as for the recovery of stolen assets.

Corruption has disastrous impacts on development when funds that should be devoted to schools, health clinics and other vital public services are instead diverted into the hands of criminals or dishonest officials.

Corruption exacerbates violence and insecurity. It can lead to dissatisfaction with public institutions, disillusion with government in general, and spirals of anger and unrest.

The United Nations Convention against Corruption provides a comprehensive platform for governments, non-governmental organizations, civil society, and individual citizens. Through prevention, criminalization, international cooperation and assets recovery, the Convention advances global progress toward ending corruption.

On International Anti-Corruption Day, I call for united efforts to deliver a clear message around the world that firmly rejects corruption and embraces instead the principles of transparency, accountability and good governance. This will benefit communities and countries, helping to usher in a better future for all.

Fast-Tracking the HIV/AIDS Response in Myanmar

On 1 December 2015, join us on the Fast-Track to end AIDS.
Update – Press Release
YANGON, 1 December 2015 — Progress in responding to HIV over the past 15 years has been extraordinary. By June 2015, UNAIDS estimates that 15.8 million people were accessing antiretroviral therapy, compared to 7.5 million people in 2010 and 2.2 million people in 2005. At the end of 2014, UNAIDS estimates that new HIV infections had fallen by 35% since the peak in 2000 and AIDS-related deaths have fallen by 42% since the 2004 peak. In Myanmar, powerful momentum is building to end the AIDS epidemic. Government leadership in the past three years led to an unprecedented eight-fold increase of resources for HIV by the Ministry of Health. The Ministry of Health has also allocated additional contributions of US$ 5 million for HIV care and treatment, including antiretroviral therapy in 2015. This brings the total number of people on ARVs in Myanmar to 101,000 people as of September this year, double the number from three years ago. While these are remarkable achievements, a number of challenges remain. More robust behavioural and prevalence data gathered by the Ministry of Health from surveys among people who inject drugs; men who have sex with men; and sex workers and other assessments provide evidence that the prevention response is lagging behind. “Myanmar is winning on many fronts, particularly on scale-up of HIV treatment – but we must intensify the prevention response. The number of new HIV infections in Myanmar has still not reduced to the targeted level. In order to end the AIDS epidemic in Myanmar so that HIV no longer represents a major public health threat, we must significantly reduce the number of new infections per year.” Mr Eamonn Murphy, UNAIDS Country Director. The next five years present a window of opportunity to fast track the national HIV response. In the new HIV Strategic Plan, Myanmar will strive to achieve these targets: • 90% of key populations having access to combination prevention services; • 90% of people living with HIV knowing their status; • 90% of people living with HIV and knowing their status receiving treatment; • 90% of people on treatment achieving viral suppression; and • 90% of key populations and people living with and affected by HIV reporting no discrimination. More information is available at: Media contacts: Mr. Eamonn Murphy, Country Director, UNAIDS Myanmar + 95(1) 504832, 503816

Fifty-three children released by Myanmar army

Yangon, 30 November 2015 –The Government of Myanmar today released 53 children and young people who have been recruited and used by the Armed Forces. With this latest release, the total number of children discharged in 2015 reached 146.

Since June 2012, when the Myanmar government signed a Joint Action Plan with the United Nations, 699 children have been released by the army. The UN Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) on Grave Violations against Children welcomes this discharge, while stressing the need for the Government of Myanmar to continue making every effort to end the recruitment and use of children in its armed forces.

“Today’s release is the result of continued efforts of the Government of Myanmar and the Tatmadaw to put an end to the harmful practice of recruiting and using children. I am delighted to see these children and young people returning to their homes and families,” says Renata Lok-Dessallien, the United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator in Myanmar and co-chair of the CTFMR. “We are hopeful that institutional checks that have been put in place and continued efforts will ensure that recruitment of children will exist no more”.

The CTFMR calls on the Government to accelerate essential remaining steps, particularly by adopting legal measures in the re-drafted Child Law that are necessary to prohibit and criminalize use and recruitment, whether committed by military personnel or civilians, reinforcing the age assessment procedures within the military recruitment process, and including the prevention of violations against children in the military curriculum.

Since the signature of the Joint Action Plan, important actions have been taken, namely the centralisation of the recruitment, and the signature in September of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict.
“The signature of the protocol is a crucial step towards a child-free army”, says Bertrand Bainvel, UNICEF Representative to Myanmar and Co-Chair of the CTFMR. “Now it is urgent that Myanmar ratifies the Protocol. Along with the review and the adoption of the revised Child Law, this would be one of the most important legacies the outgoing parliament has the opportunity to leave to new generations in Myanmar.”

In 2007, in addition to the Tatmadaw, seven non-state armed groups in Myanmar, were named on the UN Secretary-General’s list of parties to conflict who recruit and use children.

The UN has started dialogue with several of these seven ethnic armed groups to discuss the possibility of signing action plans to end and prevent the recruitment and use of children under 18. “We call on all those listed in the Secretary-General report to commit to end the recruitment and use of children and welcome the opportunity to work with them to bring lasting peace in Myanmar”, says Renata Lok-Dessallien. “Children don’t belong in the military, and all parties have the duty to end children’s suffering from on-going conflicts in Myanmar”, adds Bertrand Bainvel.


* All young people released were children under 18 at the time of the signing of the Joint Action Plan in June 2012.
In addition to the Tatmadaw, there are seven non-state armed groups listed by the UN Secretary-General as being “persistent perpetrators” in the recruitment and use of children in Myanmar. They are the:

1. Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA)
2. Kachin Independence Army (KIA)
3. Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA)
4. Karen National Liberation Army Peace Council
5. Karenni Army (KA)
6. Shan State Army South (SSA-S)
7. United Wa State Army (UWSA)


United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1612 mandates the UN to establish UN-led CTFMRs in countries where there is verified evidence that Grave Violations against children are being committed by parties to a conflict, either by armed forces and/or by armed groups. The CTFMR is tasked with establishing a Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) which documents, verifies and reports to the UNSC on Grave Violations against children. The six Grave Violations monitored and reported are:

• killing or maiming of children
• recruitment and use of children in armed forces and armed groups
• attacks against schools or hospitals
• rape or other grave sexual violence
• abduction of children
• denial of humanitarian access for children.

The CTFMR is also mandated to provide a coordinated response to such Grave Violations. The CTFMR was established in Myanmar in 2007 and is co-Chaired by the UN Resident Coordinator and the UNICEF Representative in Yangon. The CTFMR in Myanmar includes relevant UN agencies (ILO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UN OCHA, the UN RCO and WFP), Save the Children and World Vision.


In November 2013, UNICEF supported the Myanmar Government to launch a nation-wide campaign to raise awareness on its population on its commitment to end use and recruitment of Children by Tatmadaw. As part of this campaign, and on behalf of CTFMR, UNICEF and World Vision are managing 2 hotlines (09-421166701 and 09-4211667020) where anyone can alert and report suspected cases of children being recruited or used by the Tatmadaw.

For more information please contact:

Mariana Palavra, Communication Specialist, Advocacy, Partnerships and Communication Section, UNICEF Myanmar, 09795452618,

Htet Htet Oo, Communication Officer, Advocacy, Partnerships and Communication Section, UNICEF Myanmar, 09250075238,

Readout of the Secretary-General’s meeting with H.E. Mr. Thein Sein, President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar

The Secretary-General met with H.E. Mr. Thein Sein, the President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, on the margins of the ASEAN Summit in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

The Secretary-General congratulated President Thein Sein for his exemplary leadership and the people of Myanmar on the successful conduct of the historic elections held on 8 November. He underscored the statesmanship of the nation’s leaders.

The Secretary-General stressed the need for all stakeholders to work in a spirit of unity, reconciliation and cooperation to address the major challenges confronting the nation, including those of national reconstruction, stability and development. He agreed that peaceful transfer of power was essential for the future of Myanmar.

The Secretary-General added that the UN would continue to work closely with Myanmar as it moved forward on the path toward a peaceful, inclusive multi-ethnic and multi-religious democracy.

Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, 22 November 2015

“There is no turning back in Myanmar,” says UN human rights expert after elections

GENEVA (16 November 2015) – United Nations Special Rapporteur Yanghee Lee today welcomed the recent elections in Myanmar as “a new chapter in the country’s history” and reaffirmed her commitment to work with all parties to improve the human rights situation for all in Myanmar. “The people have expressed the will for change. There is no turning back now,” Ms. Lee stressed.

“In the new post-election environment, respect for human rights and democratic space must be ensured to protect and support those wishing to work with the new government in furthering democratic transition, national reconciliation and sustainable development and peace in Myanmar,” said the independent expert charged by the UN Human Rights Council with monitoring, reporting and advising on the situation of human rights in the country.

“It was truly heartening to see thousands flock to the polls on 8 November, many of whom were voting for the first time in their lives. The people have clearly expressed their wish for a free and democratic nation. These elections also demonstrate just how far the country has come in a few short years,” she said.

At the same time, the expert recalled the human rights concerns that had been highlighted in the run-up to voting. These include the disenfranchisement of hundreds of thousands of people, including from minority communities, the disqualification of many Muslim candidates, as well as continuing restrictions in the exercise of the rights to freedoms of expression, peaceful assembly and association.

“These concerns are symptomatic of broader human rights challenges that will require the urgent attention of the new government. Now is the perfect time to recognize the situation and to chart the way forward to address them,” Ms. Lee said.

The Special Rapporteur underlined that discrimination against ethnic and religious minorities, including the Rohingya in Rakhine State, as well as prevalent hate speech and incitement to hatred and violence against minority communities, should be addressed as a matter of priority.

Ms. Lee also noted the need for further reforms to fully guarantee the rights to freedoms of expression, peaceful assembly and association and to reform numerous laws that do not comply with international human rights standards.

“The arrests, convictions and harassment of civil society and journalists should immediately cease. And all remaining political prisoners must be released,” the independent expert urged.

“I look forward to working closely with all stakeholders in the coming months to address these and other important human rights challenges. I reaffirm my willingness to work constructively and cooperatively with all in Myanmar to improve the human rights situation in the country,” the Special Rapporteur said.


Ms. Yanghee Lee (Republic of Korea) was appointed as Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar by the UN Human Rights Council in 2014. Ms Lee served as member and chairperson of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (2003-2011). She is currently a professor at Sungkyunwan University, Seoul, and serves on the Advisory Committee of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea. Ms Lee is the founding President of International Child Rights Center, and serves as Vice-chair of the National Unification Advisory Council. Learn more, log on to:

The Special Rapporteurs are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms that address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. Special Procedures’ experts work on a voluntary basis; they are not UN staff and do not receive a salary for their work. They are independent from any government or organization and serve in their individual capacity.

Check the Special Rapporteur’s latest report to the UN General Assembly (A/70/412):

UN Human Rights, country page – Myanmar:

For more information and media requests, please contact Caroline Avanzo (+41 22 928 9208 /

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ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံေရြးေကာက္ပြဲႏွင့္ပတ္သက္၍ အတြင္းေရးမႈးခ်ဳပ္၏ ထုတ္ျပန္ေၾကညာခ်က္

ႏိုဝင္ဘာလ ၈ ရက္ေန႔၌ က်င္းပခဲ့ေသာ သမိုင္းဝင္ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲတြင္ ေအးခ်မ္းစြာ၊ သိကၡာရွိစြာႏွင့္ စိတ္ဝင္တစား ပါဝင္ခဲ့ၾကသည့္ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသူ ႏုိင္ငံသားမ်ားအား အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမႈးခ်ဳပ္က ေႏြးေထြး စြာ ခ်ီးမြမ္းဂုဏ္ျပဳလိုက္ပါသည္။ ယင္းသည္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ဒီမိုကေရစီ အကူး အေျပာင္း ကာလတြင္ အေရးပါအရာေရာက္သည့္ ေအာင္ျမင္မႈတစ္ရပ္အျဖစ္ အတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္က ႀကိဳဆိုပါသည္။ အထူးသျဖင့္ ၎က သမၼတႀကီး ဦးသိန္းစိန္၏ ရဲစြမ္းသတၱိ၊ အေမွ်ာ္အျမင္ႏွင့္ ဦးေဆာင္မႈေအာက္တြင္ ျပဳျပင္ေျပာင္းလဲမႈ လုပ္ငန္းစဥ္သည္ ယခုကဲ့သို႔ ျပတ္သားသည့္အဆင့္သို႔ ေရာက္ရွိလာေၾကာင္း အသိအမွတ္ျပဳပါသည္။ ထုိ႔အျပင္ အတြင္းေရးမႈးခ်ဳပ္သည္ ျပည္ေထာင္စုေရြးေကာက္ပြဲေကာ္မရွင္၊ ႏုိင္ငံေရး ပါတီမ်ား၊ ျပည္တြင္း ျပည္ပ ေလ့လာေစာင့္ၾကည့္သူမ်ားအပါအ၀င္ဤေရြးေကာက္ပြဲကို အထူးေအာင္ျမင္ေစရန္ မနားမေန ေဆာင္ရြက္ခဲ့သူမ်ားအားလံုးကို ခ်ီးက်ဴးပါသည္။ တစ္ခ်ိန္တည္းမွာပင္ ၎က လူနည္းစုအသို္င္းအဝိုင္းမွ အထူးသျဖင့္ ရိုဟင္ဂ်ာမ်ား မဲေပးခြင့္ႏွင့္ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲ ဝင္ေရာက္ ယွဥ္ၿပိဳင္ခြင့္ ဆံုးရံႈးခဲ႔ရသည္ကို ရစိတ္မေကာင္း စြာသိရွိခဲ႔ရပါသည္။
အတြင္းေရးမႈးခ်ဳပ္သည္ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲတြင္ ေျပာင္ေျမာက္စြာ ေအာင္ျမင္မႈရခဲ့သည့္ အမ်ဳိးသားဒီမုိကေရစီ အဖဲြ႕ခ်ဳပ္ (NLD)ႏွင့္ ေဒၚေအာင္ဆန္းစုၾကည္အားလည္းေကာင္း၊ ျပည္သူတို႔၏ ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ကို သိကၡာရွိစြာ လက္ခံခဲ့ေသာ ျပည္ေထာင္စုၾကံ့ခိုင္ဖြံ႕ၿဖိဳးေရးပါတီ (USDP)အားလည္းေကာင္း၊ ေႏြးေထြးစြာ ဂုဏ္ျပဳခ်ီးမြမ္း လိုက္ပါသည္။ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲရလဒ္ကို လက္ခံခဲ့ျပီး ယံုၾကည္စိတ္ခ်ရေသာ ပြင့္လင္းျမင္သာေသာ ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲမ်ား က်င္းပႏို္င္ေရးအတြက္ တပ္မေတာ္၏ ပံ့ပိုးကူညီမႈမွာ အထူးပင္အေရးပါခဲ့ပါသည္။
ႏို္င္ငံေရးေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ား၊ စစ္ေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ားႏွင့္ အျခားသက္ဆိုင္သူမ်ားအားလံုးတို႔ ထုတ္ျပန္ခဲ့ေသာ ေၾကညာခ်က္မ်ားအေပၚ အတြင္းေရးမႈးခ်ဳပ္က အားရခဲ့ပါသည္။ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံသည္ လာမည့္အစိုးရသစ္ ဖြဲ႕စည္းရာတြင္ ျပည္တြင္းရွိပါ၀င္ပတ္သက္သူအားလံုးမွ တည္ၿငိမ္ေသာပတ္၀န္းက်င္တစ္ခုကို ထိန္းသိမ္း တည္ေဆာက္ရင္း လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးႏွင့္ တရားဥပေဒ စိုးမိုးေရးကို ဦးထိပ္ထားၿပီး ေဆာင္ရြက္ပါရန္ အတြင္းေရးမႈးခ်ဳပ္က ပန္ၾကားပါသည္။
ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၏ ဒီမိုကေရစီခရီးစဥ္ႏွင့္ လာမည့္ေရြးေကာက္ပြဲမ်ားမွာ အားလံုး အမွန္တကယ္ ပါဝင္ႏိုင္ရန္ လုပ္ေဆာင္ရာတြင္ မ်ားစြာ ၾကိဳးစားလုပ္ေဆာင္ၾကရဦးမည္ ျဖစ္သည္။ မည္သူမွ် ဖယ္က်ဥ္ခံရမႈ၊ အကာအကြယ္မဲ႔မႈ၊ ခြဲျခားဆက္္ဆံမႈမရွိဘဲ လူသားတိုင္း လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးကို လူမ်ဳိး၊ လူမ်ဳိးစု၊ ဘာသာႏွင့္ က်ား၊မ ခြဲျခားမႈမရွိ၊ ရရွိခံစားႏိုင္ေသာ အနာဂတ္တစ္ခု၊ အားလံုးပါဝင္မႈ၊ ေလးစားမႈႏွင့္ သည္းခံႏိုင္မႈတို႔ အေပၚ ေကာင္းစြာ အေျချပဳထားသည္႔ ဖြံ႔ျဖိဳးမႈႏွင့္ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းမႈတို႔ရွိရာ အနာဂတ္တစ္ခုကို တည္ေဆာက္ ရန္အတြက္ ျမန္မာျပည္သူျပည္သားမ်ား ႏွင့္ ေခါင္းေဆာင္မ်ား၏ စြမ္းေဆာင္ရည္အတြင္းတြင္ရွိသည္။
ကုလသမဂၢအေနျဖင့္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ၌ လူတိုင္းအတြက္ ဒီမိုကေရစီ ခုိုင္ၿမဲေစေရး၊ တရားမွ်တမႈ ပိုမိုရရွိေစေရး၊ ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး၊ လူ႔အခြင့္အေရးႏွင့္ ဖြံ႕ၿဖိဳးမႈတို႔အတြက္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ရာတြင္ ကူညီပံ့ပိုးရန္ အဆင္သင့္ရွိေၾကာင္း အတြင္းေရးမႈးခ်ဳပ္က ထပ္မံ ကတိကဝတ္ ျပဳခဲ့ပါသည္။ ၎၏ အထူးအႀကံေပးအရာရွိသည္ ပါဝင္ ပတ္ သက္သူ အားလံုးႏွင့္ သက္ဆိုင္ရာ ႏိုင္ငံေရးအင္အားစုအားလံုးတို႔ႏွင့္ ဤ ဦးတည္ခ်က္ ေရာက္ရွိရန္ ဆက္ လက္ လုပ္ေဆာင္သြားမည္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။
နယူးေယာက္၊ ၂၀၁၅ ႏိုဝင္ဘာလ ၁၂ ရက္။

Statement attributable to the Spokesperson for the Secretary-General on the elections in Myanmar

The Secretary-General warmly congratulates the people of Myanmar for their peaceful, dignified and enthusiastic participation in the historic elections of 8 November. He welcomes this as a significant achievement in Myanmar’s democratic transition. He acknowledges, in particular, the courage and vision of President Thein Sein whose leadership in the reform process has helped achieve progress to this defining stage. The Secretary-General also commends the Union Election Commission, political parties, domestic and international observers and all others who tirelessly contributed to making these elections such a significant success. While saying this, he is regretfully aware that a large number of voters from minority communities, in particular the Rohingya, were denied the right to vote and some were disqualified as candidates.

The Secretary-General extends his warm congratulations to the National League for Democracy (NLD) and Daw Aung San Suu Kyi for their landmark performance at the elections and to the Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) for its dignified acceptance of the verdict of the people. The Army’s support to the conduct of credible and transparent elections as well as its acceptance of the results, have also been uniquely important.

The Secretary-General is encouraged by the statements of political and military leaders and other relevant actors. As Myanmar begins the process of forming its next government, the Secretary-General urges all national stakeholders to maintain a calm atmosphere and uphold human rights and the rule of law.
There is much hard work that remains ahead on Myanmar’s democratic journey and towards making future elections truly inclusive. The people and leaders of Myanmar have it within their power to come together to build a better future for their country, a future where peace and development take firm root on the foundations of inclusivity, respect and tolerance, where the human rights of all are protected regardless of race, ethnicity, religion or gender, and where no one is marginalized, vulnerable, and discriminated against.

The Secretary-General reaffirms the readiness of the United Nations to continue to support efforts in Myanmar to consolidate democracy and advance justice, peace, human rights and development for the benefit of all the people of the country. His Special Adviser on Myanmar will continue to work with all stakeholders and relevant political forces towards this goal.

New York, 12 November 2015

Seminar on Collaboration for HIV Response with Sex Workers in Myanmar

Press Release

NAY PYI TAW, 22 September 2015. The Seminar on Collaboration for HIV Response with Sex Workers in Myanmar took place in Nay Pyi Taw, on 21-22 September 2015. The Seminar was attended by over 100 participants, including representatives from the Ministry of Health/National AIDS Programme, Ministry of Home Affairs, Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement, sex worker networks, local, national and international non-governmental organizations, development partners and UN agencies (UNAIDS, WHO, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNOPS). The two-day discussions provided a platform to discuss issues on sex work in Myanmar and approaches in the Asia-Pacific region.

Opening the Seminar, Dr Than Win, Deputy Director General, Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health, stated in his address that “new trends observed around sex work require innovative models of service and cost-effective strategies” such as mobile HIV care and treatment services, and phone and web-based interventions. Mr Eamonn Murphy, UNAIDS Country Director, stressed that “recent achievements should be reinforced, in full collaboration with sex workers through the creation of an enabling environment, in order to fast-track and sustain the HIV response”. In this regard, Dr Htun Nyunt Oo, Programme Manager, National AIDS Programme, Ministry of Heath, reminded that government priorities include to intensify advocacy efforts to reduce stigma and discrimination; mobilization and involvement of sex workers in policy making, planning and programming; and to strengthen peer education activities.

National and regional perspectives on sex work-related issues echoed these priorities. Ms Nadia Rasheed, Team Leader, HIV, Health & Development, Asia-Pacific – UNDP Bangkok, highlighted that “bringing together Government, UN Agencies, civil society, sex workers, and law enforcement partners, is crucial to effectively respond to violence against female, male and transgender sex workers”. Regional representatives from civil society (Thailand, Indonesia and Cambodia), and the law enforcement sector (Vietnam), also shared experiences and best practices.

Participants worked together to discuss and formulate concrete recommendations and key priorities to foster a more positive environment for sex work and HIV in Myanmar, which will also serve to inform the development of the new National Strategic Plan on HIV (2016-2020).

Outcomes of the group discussions confirmed that punitive legal framework, policies and practices fuel stigma and discrimination, and create a culture of fear, keeping sex workers away from health services, and contribute to violence against sex workers. Recommendations highlighted the need to address these challenges through law reform and through awareness-raising of the general public, the law enforcement and the health sectors, on the reality of sex work and difficulties faced by sex workers.

The Seminar was organised by UNAIDS in collaboration with the Ministry of Health, National AIDS Programme. Financial support was provided by the 3MDG Fund.

Media contacts :
Mr. Eamonn Murphy, Country Director, UNAIDS Myanmar + 95(1) 504832, 503816

UNFPA Press Release, 29 May 2015, Census Results Highlight Myanmar’s Development Needs

NAY PYI TAW—A comprehensive profile of Myanmar’s 51.5 million people and how
they live is available for the first time in three decades, after today’s release of the
2014 Population and Housing Census main results.
They include detailed data on population size and growth, age and sex, marital
status, migration, births and deaths, education, employment, disability, housing
conditions and amenities in each state and region, district and township. Planners at
all levels can use these to identify gaps and pinpoint needs for infrastructure and
social services.
President U Thein Sein opened the launch event in the capital city. Over 1,000 guests
attended, including chief ministers from all of the country’s 15 states and regions,
ethnic and religious leaders, international donors, and representatives of UN
agencies, international NGOs, civil society organizations and the private sector.
Vijay Nambiar, the UN Special Adviser for Myanmar, hailed the census as a
“monumental achievement” that will benefit both the country’s development and its
democratic process, despite challenges that need to be addressed.
A statement delivered on behalf of Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin, Executive Director of
UNFPA, the United Nations Population Fund, said the results could help the
Government and civil society “address disparities and inequalities across and within
Myanmar society”.
Both speeches cited the unprecedented scale of the census exercise, organized by
the Ministry of Immigration and Population with technical guidance from UNFPA
and financial support from international donors. In just two weeks, over 100,000
enumerators visited nearly 11 million households, reaching nearly 98 per cent of
the population.
They also noted that in Rakhine state, over 1 million people were not included, amid
ongoing communal tensions and the demand of many to self‐identify as Rohingya,
which the authorities did not allow, despite UNFPA’s advice. Other national surveys
under way or planned will help to fill some of the resulting data gaps.
The reported total population of 51.5 million includes estimates for areas not
enumerated in Rakhine, Kachin and Kayin states, a total of 1.2 million people.
(Full texts of the remarks by Mr. Nambiar and Dr. Osotimehin are online at and
The census results reported in today’s launch show both progress since the last
census in 1983 and ongoing challenges, including regional disparities and social
indicators that lag behind Myanmar’s neighbours. Highlights include:
 Population growth, 0.89 per cent per year, is less than half the 1970s rate and
 There are only 93 males for every 100 females, reflecting significantly lower
male life expectancy and higher migration by men.
 Half the population is under age 27, but the proportion of children has
started to fall.
 The average number of children per woman has declined to 2.3 from 4.7 in
 Life expectancy at birth, 66.8 years, has improved but is still one of the
lowest in South‐East Asia. Life expectancy is six years longer for females than
 Infant and under‐5 mortality rates are high nationwide (62 and 72 per
100,000 live births, respectively), and nearly twice as high in some states as
in others.
 Almost 90 per cent of adults are literate, but in Shan state only 63 per cent
 85 per cent of adult males and 50 per cent of females are in the workforce;
unemployment is 4 per cent, and nearly twice as high for those 15‐29.
 Only a third of households have electric lights and a third have mobile
phones, but half have televisions.
 Over 70 per cent of homes have improved water and sanitation, but far fewer
do in some states.
Additional results that require more time for analysis and consultation—on
ethnicity, religion, occupation and maternal mortality—are scheduled for release
next year.
The census main results are available online at
For more information, contact:
Yangon: Malene Arboe‐Rasmussen, arboe‐, +95 9 250 026
or Esther Bayliss,, +95 9 260 991 218
Bangkok: Roy Wadia,, +66 2 687 0111 or +66 84 875 2634 mobile
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UNFPA: Delivering a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every birth is safe and
every young person’s potential is fulfilled.