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U N I T E D   N A T I O N S                                N A T I O N S   U N I E S

 

THE SECRETARY-GENERAL

MESSAGE ON WORLD AUTISM AWARENESS DAY

2 April 2019

On World Autism Awareness Day, we speak out against discrimination, celebrate the diversity of our global community and strengthen our commitment to the full inclusion and participation of people with autism. Supporting them to achieve their full potential is a vital part of our efforts to uphold the core promise of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: to leave no one behind.

This year’s observance underscores the importance of affordable assistive technologies to support people with autism to live independent lives and, indeed, to exercise their basic human rights. Around the world, there are still major barriers to accessing such technologies, including high costs, unavailability and a lack of awareness of their potential.

Last year, I launched a Strategy on New Technologies to ensure that new and emerging technologies are aligned with the values enshrined in the UN Charter, international law and human rights conventions, including the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities. On World Autism Awareness Day, let us reaffirm our commitment to these values – which include equality, equity and inclusion – and to promoting the full participation of all people with autism, by ensuring that they have the necessary tools to exercise their rights and fundamental freedoms.

Press Release: “Thirty-two (32) children and young people released by the Myanmar Armed Forces”

 

Yangon, 31 March 2019 – Today, the Government of Myanmar released seven children and 25 young people who were recruited under the age of 18 by the Armed Forces (also known as ‘Tatmadaw’). This is the first discharge to take place in 2019 and underlines the importance of protecting children in the context of armed conflict and within the peace process.

Since June 2012, when the Myanmar government signed a Joint Action Plan with the United Nations to prevent recruitment and use of children in the Tatmadaw, 956 children and young people have been released by the army. The co-chairs of the UN Country Task Force on Monitoring and Reporting (CTFMR) on Grave Violations against Children, Knut Ostby, the Acting United Nations Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator and June Kunugi, UNICEF Representative, welcome this latest discharge as ‘another encouraging step by the Government towards ending and preventing the recruitment and use of children within the Tatmadaw’.

The children and young people discharged will benefit from reintegration programmes to help them get back into civilian life, seize new opportunities for their own development and contribute to bringing lasting peace in Myanmar as productive citizens of their country.

The CTFMR commends the Government for the progress made towards completion of the Joint Action Plan, including through the centralization of the recruitment process, the establishment of more robust age assessment procedures, and the issuance of military directives prohibiting child recruitment and setting standards for military personnel conduct. Efforts have also been made to disseminate these standards to all military personnel and disciplinary measures are taken against those violating these directives.

The CTFMR continues to work with the Government to systematically end and prevent the recruitment and use of children in the Armed Forces in a sustainable manner. Remaining measures include strengthening the legal framework through the expected upcoming adoption of the Child Rights Law and the ratification of the Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Child on the involvement of children in armed conflict (which the Government signed in 2015), further reinforcing prevention mechanisms to avoid any new cases of underage recruitment, and systematically releasing suspected minors when they have no or inconsistent documentation to verify their age, in line with the principle of the “benefit of the doubt”.

In December 2018, the Government invited the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary General on Children and Armed Conflict (SRSG CAAC) to facilitate training for Tatmadaw personnel and Government officials from relevant ministries on the six grave violations of children’s rights, with support from the CTFMR. Additional training on this topic is expected to take place in 2019. Another recent positive development was the establishment by Presidential Order in January 2019 of the inter-ministerial Committee for Preventing Grave Violations against Children in Armed Conflict.

The CTFMR looks forward to engaging with the newly established committee to start developing, signing and implementing joint action plans to prevent and respond to the two additional violations that Tatmadaw was listed for in the Secretary General’s 2017 Annual Report on Children and Armed Conflict, namely “killing and maiming” and “rape and other forms of sexual violence”.

The CTFMR remains committed to working closely with the Government in its efforts towards completion of the Joint Action Plan to sustainably end and prevent further recruitment and use of children by the Tatmadaw.

 BACKGROUND

In addition to the Tatmadaw, there are seven non-state armed groups listed by the UN Secretary-General as being ‘persistent perpetrators’ in the recruitment and use of children in Myanmar. They are the:

1.   Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA)

2.   Kachin Independence Army (KIA)

3.   Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA)

4.   Karen National Liberation Army Peace Council (KNLA-PC)

5.   Karenni Army (KA)

6.   Shan State Army South (SSA-S)

7.   United Wa State Army (UWSA)

ABOUT THE UN COUNTRY TASKFORCE ON MONITORING AND REPORTING (CTFMR) ON GRAVE VIOLATIONS AGAINST CHILDREN

United Nations Security Council (UNSC) Resolution 1612 mandates the UN to establish UN-led CTFMRs in countries where there is verified evidence that Grave Violations against children are being committed by parties to a conflict, either by armed forces and/or by armed groups. The CTFMR is tasked with establishing a Monitoring and Reporting Mechanism (MRM) which documents, verifies and reports to the UNSC on Grave Violations against children.  The six Grave Violations that are monitored and reported are:

·      killing or maiming of children

·      recruitment and use of children in armed forces and armed groups

·      attacks against schools or hospitals

·      rape or other grave sexual violence

·      abduction of children

·      denial of humanitarian access for children

The CTFMR is also mandated to provide a coordinated response to such grave violations. The CTFMR was established in Myanmar in 2007 and is co-Chaired by the UN Resident Coordinator and the UNICEF Representative in Yangon. The CTFMR in Myanmar includes relevant UN agencies (ILO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNICEF, UN OCHA, the UN RCO and WFP), Save the Children and World Vision.

HOTLINE

In November 2013, UNICEF supported the Myanmar Government to launch a nation-wide campaign to raise awareness of its population on its commitment to end recruitment and use of children by Tatmadaw.  As part of this campaign, and on behalf of CTFMR, UNICEF and World Vision are managing a hotline with two phone numbers (09-421166701 and 09-421166702) where anyone can alert and report suspected cases of children being recruited or used by the Tatmadaw. The hotline is operational 24 hours per day, seven days per week.

Photo Credit: UNICEF

Photo Credit: UNICEF

Photo Credit: UNICEF

For more information please contact:

Stanislav Saling, Spokesperson & Strategic Communications Specialist, Office of the Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, United Nations in Myanmar, Stanislav.saling@one.un.org

Frehiwot Yilma, Communication Specialist, Advocacy, Partnership and Communication Section, UNICEF Myanmar; fyilma@unicef.org

Htet Htet Oo, Communication Officer, Advocacy, Partnership and Communication Section, UNICEF Myanmar; hoo@unicef.org

အရြယ္မေရာက္မီ စစ္မႈထမ္းေဆာင္ေနသူ ကေလးသူငယ္ႏွင္႔ လူငယ္ (၃၂)ဦးအား ျမန္မာ့တပ္မတော္ မွ ႏွုတ္ထ ြက္ခ ြင့္ျပဳ

ရန္ကုန္၊ ၂၀၁၉ခုႏွစ္၊ မတ္လ (၃၁)ရက္ – ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအစိုးရမွ တပ္မေတာ္တြင္အရြယ္မတိုင္မီစစ္မႈ ထမ္းေဆာင္ ေနသည့္ ကေလးသူငယ္ (၇)ဦးႏွင့္ လူငယ္ (၂၅)ဦးအား ယေန႔ ႏႈတ္ထြက္ခြင့္ျပဳလိုက္သည္။ ယခုႏႈတ္ထြက္ ခြင့္ျပဳျခင္းသည္ ၂၀၁၉ခုႏွစ္အတြင္း ပထမဦးဆံုးအၾကိမ္ျဖစ္ျပီး ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးလုပ္ငန္းစဥ္ႏွင္ ့လက္နက္ကိုင္ ပ႗ိပကၡအတြင္းကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားအားကာကြယ္ေစာင့္ေရွာက္ေရးသည္ အေရးၾကီးေၾကာင္းထင္ရွားေစပါသည္။

၂၀၁၂ခုႏွစ္၊ ဇြန္ လကတည္းကပင္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအစိုးရမွ ကုလသမဂၢႏွင့္အတူပူးတြဲ လုပ္ငန္းေဆာင္ရြက္မႈ စီမံခ်က္ (Joint Action Plan)ကို စတင္သေဘာတူလက္မွတ္ေရးထိုးခဲ့ၿပီး ထိုအခ်ိန္မွစ၍ ယေန႔အထိ ကေလးသူငယ္ႏွင့္ လူငယ္စုစုေပါင္း (၉၅၆)ဦးကို တပ္မေတာ္က ႏႈတ္ထြက္ခြင့္ျပဳခဲ့ျပီးျဖစ္သည္ ယခုႏႈတ္       ထြက္ခြင့္ျပဳျခင္းကို ‘ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားအား တပ္မေတာ္အတြင္းဝင္ေရာက္တာဝန္ထမ္းေဆာင္ေစျခင္းႏွင့္ အသံုးျပဳျခင္းမွတားဆီးရပ္တန္႔ေစေရးအတြက္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္အစိုးရမွ ၾကိဳးပမ္းလုပ္ေဆာင္သည့္ အားရဖြယ္ ေနာက္ ထပ္ ေျခလွမ္းတစ္ခု’ အျဖစ္ ကေလးသူငယ္ အခြင့္အေရးမ်ားႏွင့္ သက္ဆိုင္သည့္ ႀကီးေလးေသာ ခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈ မ်ားအား ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ေလ့လာေရးႏွင့္ အစီရင္ခံတင္ျပေရး ႏုိင္ငံ အလိုက္ အထူးတာ၀န္ အဖြဲ႕(CTFMR)၏ ပူးတြြဲဥကၠဌမ်ား ျဖစ္သည့္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ ကုလသမဂၢဌာေနညႇ ိႏႈိင္းေရးမွဴး (ယာယီ )Knut Ostby ႏွင့္ ယူနီဆက္မွ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ ဌာေနကုိယ္စားလွယ္ June Kunugi တို႔က ဝမ္းေျမာက္စြာၾကိဳဆိုလိုက္ၾကသည္။

ႏႈတ္ထြက္ခြင့္ရရွိသည့္ ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားႏွင့္လူငယ္မ်ားသည္ ျပန္လည္ေပါင္းစည္းေရး အစီအစဥ္မ်ားတြင္ ပါဝင္ သြားမည္ ျဖစ္သည့္အတြက္ သာမန္အရပ္သားဘဝကို ျပန္လည္ေရာက္ရွိႏိုင္မည္ျဖစ္ကာ ၎တို ႔ကိုယ္ တိုင္ ဖြံ႔ျဖိဳးတိုးတက္မႈမ်ားအတြက္သာမက ႏိုင္ငံသားေကာင္းမ်ားအျဖစ ္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး ရရွိျပီး အဓြန္႔ ရွည္ရန္ လုပ္ေဆာင္ရာမွာ ပါဝင္ပံ့ပိုးေပးႏိုင္မွာ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။

ဗဟို ထိန္းခ်ဳပ္စနစ္ျဖင့္ တပ္မေတာ္စစ္သားစုေဆာင္းေရး လုပ္ငန္းမ်ားအတြင္း အသက္စိစစ္ေရး လုပ္ေဆာင္မႈ မ်ားအား တြန္းအားေပး လုပ္ေဆာင္မႈမ်ားအတြက္ CTFMR က ခ်ီးက်ဴးဂုဏ္ျပဳလုိက္ရျပီး အေရးပါသည့္ ကာကြယ္ တားဆီးေရးနည္းစနစ္ကို ေနာင္တြင္လည္း ဆက္လက္ေဆာင္ရြက္ သြားႏိုင္ရန္ စစ္ဘက္ဆိုင္ရာ အမႈထမ္းမ်ားအား ယင္းနည္းစနစ္မ်ားအား မွ်ေဝျပီး ခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈမ်ားအား ယင္းစနစ္ႏွင့္ အည ီ လိုက္နာ ေဆာင္ရြက္သြားရန္ တိုက္တြန္းလိုက္ရသည္။

ျပည္ေထာင္စုျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးညီလာခံ (၂၁ရာစု ပင္လံု) တတိယအၾကိမ္အစည္းအေဝးတြင္ ကေလးသူငယ္ အခြင့္ အေရးမ်ားဆိုင္ရာ ၾကီးေလးေသာခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈမ်ားအား တားဆီးကာကြယ္ေရးလုပ္ငန္းသည္ ျငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရး လုပ္ ငန္းစဥ္ အတြ င္း အေရးပါသည္ ့က႑တခု အျဖစ ္ ပါဝင္ေၾကာင္းက ို ကေလးသူငယ ္ အခြင္ ့အေရးမ်ားဆိုင္ရာ ကုလသမဂၢ သေဘာတူညီခ်က္စာခ်ဳပ္ႏွင့္အညီ ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ား၏ အခြင့္အေရးမ်ား ခိုင္မာေစရန္ စီစဥ္ ေဆာင္ရြက္မႈမ်ား၊ ၾကီးေလးေသာခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈအခ်က္ေျခာက္ရပ္အား ဖယ္ရွားရွင္းလင္းသြားရန္ လုပ္ငန္းမ်ား အား ကတိကဝတ္ျပဳျခင္းအားျဖင္ ့ မီးေမာင္းထိုးျပလိုက္ျခင္းျဖစ္သည္။

ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားအား တပ္မေတာ္အတြင္း တာဝန္ထမ္းေဆာင္ေစျခင္းႏွင္ ့အသုံုးျပဳျခင္းတို႔မွ တားဆီး ကာကြယ္ေရးလုပ္ငန္မ်ားအား စနစ္က်စြာ ေရရွည္လုပ္ေဆာင္သြ ားႏို္င္ရန္ CTFMR သည္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ အစိုးရႏွင့္အတူ ေရွ႕ဆက္လုပ္ေဆာင္သြားမည္ ျဖစ္သည္။ လုပ္ေဆာင္ရန္ က်န္ရွိေနသည့္ လုပ္ငန္ း နည္းစနစ္မ်ား အတြ က္ မူေဘာင္မ်ားခိုင္မာေစရန္ လုပ္ေဆာင္ရာတြင္ အခြင္ ့အလမ္းသစ္မ်ား ျဖစ္သည့္ ကေလးသူငယ္ အခြင့္အေရး ဥပေဒျပဌာန္းျခင္း၊ အသက္အရြယ္ တိက်စြာသိရွိႏိုင္ရန္ လံုေလာက္သည့္ အေထာက္အထား အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားမရွိသည့္ ကေလးငယ္မ်ားအား “benefit of the doubt” – “သံသယ အက်ိဳးခံစားခြင့္” စနစ္ျဖင့္ စနစ္တက် ျပန္လည္လြတ္ေျမာက္ခြင့္တို႔ပါဝင္သည္။

CTFMR ၏ ပံ့ပိုးမႈႏွင့္အတူ သက္ဆိုင္ရာ အစိုးရဝန္ၾကီးဌာနမ်ား၊ တပ္မေတာ္အရာရွိၾကီးမ်ားအတြက္ ၾကီးေလးေသာ ခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈအခ်က္ ေျခာက္ရပ္ႏွင့္ပက္သက္ျပီး သင္တန္းေပးကူညီရန္ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြ အတြင္းေရးမွးခ်ဳပ္၏ ကေလးသူငယ္ႏွင့္လက္နက္ကိုင္ပဋိပကၡဆိုင္ရာ အထူးကိုယ္စားလွယ္အား ၂၀၁၈ခုႏွစ္၊ ဒီဇင္ဘာလ၌ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္ အစိုးရက ဖိတ္ၾကားခဲ့သည္။ ယင္းသင္တန္းႏွင့္ ဆက္စပ္သည့္ ထပ္မံတိုးခ်ဲ႕သင္တန္း အား ပို႔ခ်ရန္ ယခုႏွစ္အတြင္းခန္႔မွန္းထားပါသည္။ လက္နက္ကိုင္ပဋိပကၡမ်ားအတြင္း ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားႏွင့္ သက္ဆိုင္သည့္ ၾကီးေလးေသာ ခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈမ်ားအား ကာကြယ္တားဆီးႏိုင္မည့္ အစိုးရဌာနမ်ားပါဝင္သည့္ ေကာ္မတီ ကို ၂၀၁၉ခုႏွစ္ ဇန္နဝါရီလမွ သမၼတအမိန္႔အရ ဖြဲ႔စည္းခဲ့သည္မွာလည္း ဂုဏ္ယူဖြယ္ တိုးတက္မႈ တခုပင္ျဖစ္သည္။

“ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားက ို ညွင္းပန္းႏွိပ္စက္ျခင္း(သို ႔)သတ္ျဖတ္ျခင္း” ႏွင့္ “အတင္းအဓမၼျပဳက်င့္ျခင္း (သို႔) လိင္ပိုင္းဆိုင္ရာအၾကမ္းဖက္ျခင္း” စသည့္ကိစၥရပ္မ်ားေၾကာင့္ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ ၏စာရင္း၌ ပါဝင္ေနသည့္ တပ္မေတာ္အေနျဖင္ ့ ယင္းကိစၥရပ္မ်ားအား ကိုင္တြယ္ေျဖရွင္းသြားႏိုင္ရန္ CTFMR အေနျဖင့္ ယင္းေကာ္မတီႏွင့္ ထိေတြ႔ျပီး ပူးတြဲ လုပ္ေဆာင္ခ်က္မ်ားအား အတူတကြ အေကာင္အထည္ေဖာ္ ေရးဆြဲျခင္း၊ လက္မွတ္ေရးထိုးျခင္းတို႔ကို ေဆာင္ရြက္ႏိုင္ရန္ ေမွ်ာ္မွန္းသည္။

CTFMR သည ္ လုပ္ငန္းစီမံခ်က္အား ေအာင္ျမင္ တည္တံ့စြာျပီးဆံုးသြ ားႏိုင္ရန္ ႏိုင္ငံေတာ္အစိုးရႏွင့္အတူ လုပ္ေဆာင္သြားမည္ ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္းႏွင့္တပ္မေတာ္အတြင္း ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ား တာဝန္ထမ္းေဆာင္ေစမႈမ်ားမွ တားဆီးကာကြယ္သြားရန္လည္း လုပ္ေဆာင္သြားမည္ျဖစ္ေၾကာင္း ေျပာၾကားလိုက္သည္။

ေနာက္ခံအခ်က္အလက္မ်ား

ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံတြင္ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွးခ်ဳပ္၏ စာရင္း၌ ပါ၀င္ေနေသာ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းမ်ားႏွင့္ “အရြယ္မေရာက္ေသးသူမ်ား စုေဆာင္းျခင္းႏွင္ ့အသံုးျပဳျခင္းမ်ား ျပဳလုပ္ေနေသာ အဖြဲ ႔အစည္းမ်ား” –

၁. ဒီေကဘီေအ Democratic Karen Benevolent Army (DKBA)

၂. ကခ်င္လြတ္လပ္ေရးတပ္ ဖြဲ ႔ Kachin Independence Army (KIA)

၃. ကရင္အမ်ိဳးသားလြတ္ေျမာက္ေရးတပ္ဖြဲ႕ Karen National Liberation Army (KNLA)

၄. ကရင္အမ်ိဳးသားလြတ္ေျမာက္ေရး တပ္ဖြဲ႕ၿငိမ္းခ်မ္းေရးေကာင္စီ Karen National Liberation Army Peace  Council (KNLA-PC)

၅. ကရင္နီတပ္ဖြ ဲ႔ Karenni Army (KA)

၆. ႐ွမ္းျပည္နယ္ တပ္ဖြဲ႕ေတာင္ပိုင္း Shan State Army South (SSA-S)

၇. ”ဝ” ျပည္နယ္ ညီီၫြတ္ေရး တပ္ဖြ ဲ႔ United Wa State Army (UWSA)

CTFMR ႏွင့္စပ္လ်ဥ္း၍ ေနာက္ခံ အခ်က္အလက ္

လက္နက္ကိုင္ ပဋိပကၡ၌ ပါ၀င္ေသာအဖြဲ႕အစည္း (တပ္မေတာ္ ႏွင့္/သို႕မဟုတ္ လက္နက္ကိုင္ အုပ္စုမ်ား) က ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားအေပၚ ႀကီးေလးေသာခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈမ်ား က်ဴးလြန္သည္ဟု စစ္ေဆး အတည္ျပဳၿပီး သက္ေသ အေထာက္အထား ေတြ႕႐ွိရေသာ ႏုိင္ငံမ်ားတြင္ ကုလသမဂၢက ဦးေဆာင္ေသာ CTFMR တည္ေထာင္ရန္     ကုလသမဂၢႏွင့္ အျခားကေလးသူငယ္ ကာကြယ္ေစာင့္ေ႐ွာက္ေရး အဖြဲ႕အစည္းမ်ားအား ကုလသမဂၢ လံုျခံဳေရး ေကာင္စီ ဆံုးျဖတ္ခ်က္ အမွတ္ ၁၆၁၂ အရခြင့္ျပဳထားပါသည္။ CTFMR ၏ တာ၀န္မွာ ေစာင့္ၾကည့္ေလ့လာေရး ႏွင့္ အစီရင္ခံတင္ျပေရးအစီအမံ (MRM) တည္ေထာင္ရန္ ျဖစ္ပါသည္။ လက္နက္ကိုင္ ပဋိပကၡတြင္ ကေလး သူငယ္မ်ားအား တပ္သားအျဖစ္ စုေဆာင္းျခင္းႏွင့္ အသံုးျပဳျခင္း အပါအ၀င္ ကေလးသူငယ္ အခြင့္အေရးမ်ား ႀကီးေလးေသာခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈမ်ားအား မွတ္တမ္းျပဳစုျခင္း၊ စစ္ေဆး အတည္ျပဳျခင္းႏွင့္ လံုျခံဳေရးေကာင္စီ သို ႔ အစီရင္ခံ တင္ျပျခင္းမ်ား ျပဳလုပ္ပါသည္။

လံုျခံဳေရးေကာင္စီသိုိ႔ အစီရင္ခံတင္ျပသည့္ ကေလးသူငယ္အခြင့္အေရးမ်ားဆုိင္ရာ ႀကီးေလးေသာ ခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈ (၆) ရပ္ –

  • ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားကို ညွင္းပန္းႏွိပ္စက္ျခင္ း(သို႔)သတ္ျဖတ္ျခင္း
  • လက္နက္ကိုင္ အဖြဲ႕အစည္းမ်ားတြင္ ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားကို တပ္သားအျဖစ္ ေခၚယူစုေဆာင္း အသံုးျပဳျခင္း
  • စာသင္ေက်ာင္း (သို႔) ေဆးရုံမ်ားကို တိုက္ခိုက္ျခင္း
  • အတင္းအဓမၼျပဳက်င့္ျခင္း (သို႔)လိင္ပိုင္းဆိုင္ရာအၾကမ္းဖက္ျခင္း
  • ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားအား ျပန္ေပးဆြဲျခင္း
  • ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားအတြက္ လူသားခ်င္းစာနာေထာက္ထားမွဳ အကူအညီမ်ား မေရာက္ရွိေအာင္တားဆီးျခင္း တို႔ျဖစ္သည္။

CTFMR မွ ႀကီးေလးသည့္ ခ်ိဳးေဖာက္မႈမ်ားကို ညႇိႏိႈင္းေပါင္းစပ္လ်က္ တံု႔ျပန္ရန္လည္း လုပ္ပိုင္ခြင့္ အပ္ႏွင္းျခင္း ခံထားရပါသည္။ CTFMR ကို ျမန္မာႏုိင္ငံတြင္ ၂၀၀၇ခုႏွစ္က တည္ေထာင္ခဲ့ၿပီး ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံဆိုင္ရာ ကုလသမဂၢ ဌာေနညွိႏႈိင္းေရးမွဴးႏွင့္ ယူနီဆက္ျမန္မာဌာေနကိုယ္စားလွယ္တို႔က ပူးတြဲ ဥကၠဌမ်ားအျဖစ္ တာ၀န္ယူ ေဆာင္႐ြက္လွ်က္ရွိသည္။ CTFMR အဖြဲ႕တြင္ ကုလအဖြဲ႕မ်ားျဖစ္သည့္ UN RCO, UNICEF, ILO, UNFPA, UNHCR, UNOCHA ႏွင့္ WFP စသည့္အဖြဲ႕မ်ားႏွင္ ့World Vision, Save the Children တို႔ ပါ၀င္ပါသည္။

အေရးေပၚဆက္သြယ္ရန္လိုင္း

၂၀၁၃ခုႏွစ ္ ႏို၀င္ဘာလတြင ္ ယူနီဆက္အေနျဖင့္ တပ္မေတာ္တြင္ ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားကို တပ္သားအျဖစ္ ေခၚယူစုေဆာင္း အသံုးျပဳျခင္းကုိအဆံုးသတ္ေရးအတြက္ ၎တို ႔၏တာ၀န္ယူမႈကို ျပည္သူလူထုအၾကား အသိ တရား ႏႈိးေဆာ္ေပးရန္ အတြက္ ႏိုင္ငံအႏွံ႔ လႈပ္ရွားမႈ တစ္ရပ္ ေဆာင္ရြက္ႏိုင္ရန္ ျမန္မာႏိုင္ငံအစိုးရကုိ ကူညီ ေထာက္ပံ့ေပးခဲ့သည္။ အဆိုပါလႈပ္ရွားမႈ၏တစ္စိတ္တစ္ပိုင္းအားျဖင္ ့ CTFMR အဖြဲ႕ကိုယ္စား ယူနီဆက္ႏွင့္ World Vision တို႔က ကေလးသူငယ္မ်ားကို တပ္မေတာ္မွ တပ္သားအျဖစ္ေခၚယူစုေဆာင္းသည့္ မသကၤာဖြယ္ ကိစၥရပ္မ်ား ေတြ႕ျမင္ရပါက မည္သူမဆို ဆက္သြယ္အေၾကာင္းၾကား သတင္းပို ႔ႏိုင္မည့္  အေရးေပၚဆက္သြ ယ္ေခၚယူ အေၾကာင္းၾကားႏိုင္မည့္ ဖုန္းလိုင္္းႏွစ္လို င္း (၀၉- ၄၂၁၁၆၆၇၀၁ ႏွင့္ ၀၉-၄၂၁၁၆၆၇၀၂) ကို တပ္ဆင္ေပးႏိုင္ခဲ့သည။္

ပိုမိုသိရွိလိုပါက ေအာက္ပါအတိုင္း ဆက္သြယ္ႏိုင္ပါသည္။

Stanislav Saling, Spokesperson & Strategic Communications Specialist, Office of the Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator, United Nations in Myanmar, Stanislav.saling@one.un.org

Frehiwot Yilma, Communication Specialist, Advocacy, Partnership and Communication Section, UNICEF Myanmar; fyilma@unicef.org

Htet Htet Oo, Communication Officer, Advocacy, Partnership and Communication Section, UNICEF Myanmar; hoo@unicef.org

၂၀၁၉ Reham Al-Farra Memorial Journalism Fellowship ေလွ်ာက္လႊာေခၚယူျခင္း (ေနာက္ဆုံးေလွ်ာက္ရမည့္ရက္ ဧျပီ ၁၅) Applications to 2019 Reham Al-Farra Memorial Journalism Fellowship now open (deadline 15 April)

The Department of Global Communications (DGC) is accepting applications for the 2019 Reham Al-Farra (RAF) Memorial Journalism Fellowship, which will be held at UN Headquarters in New York from 15 September to 5 October 2019.

The Fellowship will bring a select group of young journalists from around the world to United Nations Headquarters to cover the General Assembly, interview senior officials, and attend special briefings and workshops.

The Fellowship is open to full-time journalists between the ages of 22 and 35 from countries with developing and transitioning economies. A full list of eligible countries is available at https://outreach.un.org/raf/eligibility.

The Fellowship covers the cost of roundtrip air travel to New York and provides a daily subsistence allowance.

Applications must be submitted online at https://outreach.un.org/raf/apply.The application deadline is 15 April 2019.

PRESS RELEASE : UN Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament Holds Seminar on Trade and Trafficking of Illicit Conventional Ammunition

Bangkok, 19 March 2019 – As part of its region-wide initiative to support States with the safe and secure management of conventional ammunition, the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific (UNRCPD) is organizing the Southeast Asia Regional Outreach Seminar on Trade and Trafficking of Illicit Conventional Ammunition, in Bangkok, Thailand, on 20-22 March 2019.

In response to the challenges posed by unsecured or poorly managed national ammunition stockpiles, the Seminar aims to foster regional dialogue between Southeast Asian States on matters of conventional ammunition, and provide a forum to share practices and engage with experts on how to address these challenges. Participants will examine current regional trends of illicit trafficking of ammunition, as well as effective practices and further steps to address related risks and challenges to regional security. It also seeks to strengthen regional cooperation and coordination between national law-enforcement agencies and regional entities dealing with such matters.

Government experts working in the field of ammunition management will engage with representatives from the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA), the UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR), UNRCPD, the Ammunition Management Advisory Team (AMAT), and non‑governmental organizations, particularly Non-violence International and the Golden West Humanitarian Foundation, to identify urgent issues pertaining to the accumulation of ammunition surpluses and the means to effectively address this matter in order to reduce the dual risk of unintended explosions and diversion to illicit markets. The presentations and discussions will incorporate a range of perspectives and tools, like the International Ammunition Technical Guidelines and the UN SaferGuard platform, and examine regional trends and implications for safety and security, as well as possible joint responses and synergies between global frameworks and instruments.

The Seminar will further allocate a whole day to support the work of a United Nations group of governmental experts on problems arising from the accumulation of conventional ammunition in surplus, to be convened in 2020 in accordance with UN General Assembly resolution 72/55.

The Seminar contributes to the implementation of the United Nations Secretary General’s Disarmament Agenda, “Securing Our Common Future”, specifically Action 22 on securing excessive and poorly maintained stockpiles. The Seminar will also promote the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly Goal 16 on peace, justice and strong institutions.

The Seminar is made possible with financial support from the Government of Germany.

For further information, please contact Yuriy Kryvonos, Director of the United Nations Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament in Asia and the Pacific, via e-mail at info@unrcpd.org.

Myanmar: New land law could have disastrous impact on ethnic minorities

Myanmar: New land law could have disastrous impact on ethnic minorities

· Law affects traditional communities who passed down land for generations

· Revenues from resource extraction going to army and its allies

· Alleged crimes committed in Myanmar must be referred to ICC

GENEVA (11 March 2019) – A UN expert has expressed grave concerns about the implementation of a new land law in Myanmar, affecting a third of the country, and the disastrous implications for traditional farming communities in ethnic minority regions.

“Today marks the day that thousands of people living in rural areas in Myanmar may be charged with criminal trespass if they continue to use their lands as they have done for generations,” Yanghee Lee, the UN Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, told the Human Rights Council in Geneva.

She said the amended Vacant, Fallow and Virgin Lands Management Law fails to recognise shared land ownership practices, such as customary tenure, and land belonging to IDPs and refugees of conflict that has been left unattended. “The Law does not sufficiently recognise this reality,” Lee said. “The Law affects so many people, and with land insecurity central to the cycle of conflict, poverty and denial of rights, it has the potential to be disastrous.”

The law, which comes into effect on 11 March 2019, requires anyone occupying or using “vacant, fallow, or virgin” land to apply for a permit to use the land for 30 years or face eviction and up to two years in jail. She called on the Government to immediately suspend and review the law.

Lee also raised serious concerns about natural resource extraction, saying it was the one area of the economy she received more reports of human rights abuse in relation to than any other.

“Military-dominated state-owned economic enterprises in natural resource extraction are the regulators, revenue collectors and commercial entities, and they are permitted to retain vast profits that bypass the Government budget with no record kept on how they are spent,” she said.

“Revenues from natural resource extraction needed for vital services and development being diverted to the military and its allies, undermines the civilian Government, democratic reforms, the peace process, sustainable development and the realisation of rights.”

The Special Rapporteur said the Union of Myanmar Economic Holdings Ltd. and Myanmar Economic Corporation were active across many sectors, including natural resource extraction. “The full extent of their business operations and profits are unclear, but their main beneficiaries are most likely to be high-ranking military and ex-military officials,” she said.

Lee said armed conflict continued in northern Shan between ethnic armed organisations and in Rakhine State between the Arakan Army and the Tatmadaw, and civilians were facing rights abuses as a result. Lee called on all parties to end hostilities, and to ensure that they take precautions and protect civilians.

She urged the international community to continue to work for justice for victims in Myanmar. Given that the road to justice was long and uncertain, she said, it was paramount that victims’ needs were addressed. “There is much that Myanmar must do to deal with the past. Reversing the continued stance of denial, and shifting to recognition and acknowledgement would go a long way to bringing about an end to impunity that has long existed in Myanmar.”

Lee called for the situation in Myanmar to be referred to the International Criminal Court by the Security Council, or a state party or group of states parties. “Victims must not be forced to wait in the purgatory of international inaction,” she said, adding if it was not possible to refer the situation to the ICC, the international community should consider establishing an independent tribunal.

ENDS

Yanghee Lee (Republic of Korea) was appointed by the UN Human Rights Council in 2014 as the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. She is independent from any government or organization and serves in her individual capacity. Ms. Lee served as member and chairperson of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (2003-2011). She is currently a professor at Sungkyunwan University, Seoul, and serves on the Advisory Committee of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea. Ms. Lee is the founding President of International Child Rights Center.

The Special Rapporteurs are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms. Special Procedures mandate-holders are independent human rights experts appointed by the Human Rights Council to address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. They are not UN staff and are independent from any government or organization. They serve in their individual capacity and do not receive a salary for their work.

UN Human Rights, country page: Myanmar

For more information and media requests please contact: Georgia Drake (+41-22928 9780 / gdrake@ohchr.org).

For media inquiries related to other UN independent experts: Jeremy Laurence, UN Human Rights – Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9383 / jlaurence@ohchr.org)

Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the Ethiopian Airlines crash / အီသီယိုးပီးယား ေလေၾကာင္းပ်က္က်မႈအေပၚ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ၏ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္

Statement attributable to the Spokesman for the Secretary-General on the Ethiopian Airlines crash

Stephane Dujarric, Spokesman for the Secretary-General

The Secretary-General was deeply saddened at the tragic loss of lives in the airplane crash today near Addis Ababa. He conveys his heartfelt sympathies and solidarity to the victims’ families and loved ones, including those of United Nations staff members, as well as sincere condolences to the Government and people of Ethiopia.

The United Nations is in contact with the Ethiopian authorities and working closely with them to establish the details of United Nations personnel who lost their lives in this tragedy.

 

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မတ္လ ၁၀ ရက္၊ ၂၀၁၉။

အီသီယိုးပီးယား ေလေၾကာင္းပ်က္က်မႈအေပၚ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ၏ ထုတ္ျပန္ခ်က္

Stephane Dujarric, ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္၏ ေျပာေရးဆိုခြင့္ရွိသူ         

ယေန႔ အဒစ္ အဘာဘာ (Addis Ababa) အနီးတြင္ ေလယာဥ္ပ်က္က်မႈေၾကာင့္ ေၾကကြဲဖြယ္ရာ အသက္ဆံုးရွံဴးမႈမ်ားအတြက္ ကုလသမဂၢ အေထြေထြအတြင္းေရးမွဴးခ်ဳပ္မွ လြန္စြာ၀မ္းနည္းေၾကကြဲရပါသည္။ ကုလသမဂၢ ၀န္ထမ္းမ်ားအပါအ၀င္ အသက္ဆံုးရံွဴးခဲ႔ရသူမ်ား၏ မိသားစု၀င္မ်ား၊ ခ်စ္ခင္ရသူမ်ားကို ထပ္တူစာနာျပီး ၄င္းတို႔နွင့္တသားတည္းရွိပါေၾကာင္း ႏွင့္ အီသီယိုးပီးယားအစိုးရနွင့္ ျပည္သူမ်ားႏွင့္လည္း ထပ္တူ ၀မ္းနည္းေၾကကြဲရပါေၾကာင္း ေဖာ္ျပပါသည္။

ဤေၾကကြဲဖြယ္ျဖစ္ရပ္တြင္ အသက္ဆံုးရွံဴးခဲ႔ရသည္႔ ကုလသမဂၢ၀န္ထမ္းမ်ား၏ အေသးစိတ္အခ်က္အလက္မ်ားကို ရရွိႏိုင္ရန္ ကုလသမဂၢသည္ အီသီယိုးပီးယားမွ တာ၀န္ရွိသူမ်ားႏွင့္ ဆက္သြယ္ျပီး အနီးကပ္လုပ္ကိုင္ေဆာင္ရြက္လ်က္ရွိပါသည္။

 

                                                                    PRESS RELEASE

Ongoing UN and Japan Cooperation on Rakhine extended in 2019 to also support communities in Kachin and Shan

Naypyidaw, 26 February 2019 – The Government of Japan and eight United Nations Agencies today signed a US$ 37 million value agreement to implement humanitarian and development projects in Shan, Kachin and Rakhine States. The funding will enable the delivery of life-saving assistance, protection, trust-building initiatives and early recovery support to women, men, girls and boys across the three states.  This important partnership builds on a US$ 20 million agreement that was signed in 2018, that aimed to assist half a million people in Rakhine State.

“I thank the Government and people of Japan for their continued support to respond to immediate humanitarian needs and address the long-term development prospects in Rakhine as well as Kachin and Shan States,” said UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator ad interim Knut Ostby. “The UN agencies signing today appreciate the continued confidence of our partners that enable us to add urgently needed support for humanitarian activities in Kachin and northern Shan States to the ongoing humanitarian and development initiatives in Rakhine State.” 

The agreements were signed by His Excellency Mr. Ichiro Maruyama, Ambassador of Japan to Myanmar and representatives of the participating UN Agencies. UN bodies that receive contribution under the agreements include the International Organization on Migration (IOM), UN-Habitat, United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), UN Women, and the World Food Programme (WFP).

The Agreement was signed in the presence of representatives of the Union Ministry of Social Welfare, Relief and Resettlement and Union Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

In order to address cross-cutting humanitarian and development needs, approximately half of the funding will support critical life-saving activities, including food assistance, shelter, water and sanitation. The remaining funds will be invested in longer-term development initiatives to improve living standards for all communities, including restoration of livelihoods and building government capacity. Further activities under these partnerships will include, among others:

  • Supporting the Government of Myanmar in creating conditions conducive to the sustainable return of displaced persons from and within Rakhine State and addressing statelessness;
  • Supporting women leaders to be effective advocates for gender equality and women’s empowerment, and strengthening government capacities to ensure gender-responsive policies, programmes and service delivery;
  • Supporting internally displaced people affected by conflict in three states through critical humanitarian support including food, health, education, protection, shelter and camp management, and water and sanitation programming;
  • Prepare for and implement a community-driven, beneficiary-led rebuilding of settlements for returning refugees and internally displaced persons;
  • Improving service delivery, access to justice, and creating local development opportunities that promote social cohesion and community resilience; and
  • Empowering and protecting women, ensuring they can access health services and can contribute to and benefit from inclusive growth and development.

The projects signed today will be implemented over the next twelve months, with work scheduled to begin in April 2019.

“We must be ambitious because the needs of the people in these three States are great,” added Knut Ostby. “UN agencies have integrated their activities in line with the humanitarian-development-peace-human rights nexus to achieve better results.”

Annex: Sample results achieved over the past 12 months in Rakhine State under the agreement signed between the UN and Japan in February 2018

  • Over 200,000 people received food assistance;
  • School feeding program reached 72,000 primary school students;
  • More than 30,000 internally displaced people benefitted from camp coordination and camp management;
  • Over 1,800 people were supported with reconstruction or repair of shelters;
  • 150,000 people obtained hygiene supplies;
  • 20,000 children received support in child friendly spaces;
  • Mobile clinic treated 15,000 patients;
  • 3,000 of the most vulnerable women and girls received dignity kits containing female hygiene items;
  • Over 11,000 women received sexual and reproductive health services supporting safe birth, and pregnancy by choice, not chance;
  • Cash for work for the rehabilitation of social infrastructures is being provided in four townships, covering a total of 28 village tracts, 88 villages and 15,000 households;
  • Over 90 law officers and judiciaries participated in knowledge sharing forums on due process, fair trials, human rights and gender-based violence in August and October 2018.

For further information contact:

UNFPA: Yenny Gamming +95-9260400005 or gamming@unfpa.org

UNICEF: Alison Rhodes, ++95 1 2305960 Ext: 2420 or arhodes@unicef.org

UNHCR: Billie Phillips, +95 9785505364 or phillips@unhcr.org

UNDP: Sandra Barrows, +(95-1) 542910 to 19 Ext: 2237 or sandra.barrows@undp.org

Office of the UN Resident and Humanitarian Coordinator: Stanislav Saling, +95 942 6519871 or stanislav.saling@one.un.org

 Background on UN agencies

 Established in 1951, IOM is the leading inter-governmental organization in the field of migration and works closely with governmental, intergovernmental and non-governmental partners. With 169-member states, a further 8 states holding observer status and offices in over 100 countries, IOM is dedicated to promoting humane and orderly migration for the benefit of all. IOM works to help ensure the orderly and humane management of migration, to promote international cooperation on migration issues, to assist in the search for practical solutions to migration problems and to provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need, including refugees and internally displaced people. IOM established its operations in Myanmar in 2005, and Myanmar became IOM’s member state in 2012.

On the ground in about 170 countries and territories, UNDP works to eradicate poverty while protecting the planet. We help countries develop strong policies, skills, partnerships and institutions so they can sustain their progress.

UNFPA works to deliver a world where every pregnancy is wanted, every childbirth is safe and every young person’s potential is fulfilled. Active in Myanmar since  1973, UNFPA partners with the Government, NGOs and other development stakeholders to implement programmes on sexual and reproductive health and rights; gender equality and women’s empowerment; and population data for development.

UN-Habitat is the United Nations programme working towards a better urban future. Its mission is to promote socially and environmentally sustainable human settlements development and the achievement of adequate shelter for all.

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is mandated to provide humanitarian aid and protection to refugees, forcibly displaced communities and stateless people worldwide, and assist in their safe and voluntary repatriation, local integration or resettlement.

UNICEF has been working with the Government and the people of Myanmar since 1950. In partnership with the Government and the civil society, UNICEF’s current focus of work aims at reducing child mortality, improving access and quality of education and protecting children from violence, abuse and exploitation.

UN Women is the UN organization dedicated to gender equality and the empowerment of women. A global champion for women and girls, UN Women was established to accelerate progress on meeting their needs worldwide. UN Women supports UN Member States as they set global standards for achieving gender equality, and works with governments and civil society to design laws, policies, programmes and services needed to ensure that the standards are effectively implemented and truly benefit women and girls worldwide.

WFP is the world’s largest humanitarian agency fighting hunger worldwide, delivering food assistance in emergencies and working with communities to improve nutrition and build resilience. Each year, WFP assists some 80 million people in around 80 countries.

 

Third group of Myanmar refugees return home from Thailand with UNHCR support

Third group of Myanmar refugees return home from Thailand with UNHCR support

This week more than 500 refugees in Thailand are expected to return to south-eastern Myanmar as part of a voluntary repatriation process led by the Royal Thai Government and the Government of the Union of Myanmar, with the support of UNHCR, the UN refugee agency, and its partners. This is the third such movement, providing returning refugees a chance to rebuild their lives in their home country following decades of displacement in Thailand

The refugees will be departing from five refugee camps on the border and crossing from Thailand into Myanmar’s Kayin and Kayah States. On reception by Myanmar authorities at the border, the returnees will continue on to reception centres, where they will be provided with assistance including immigration support with documentation, and medical screening. From there, they will go on to their final destinations.

Recognising the improved conditions in parts of south-eastern Myanmar, UNHCR has been supporting this government-led process since late 2016, by helping refugees who have expressed a clear desire to go home to do so in safety and dignity.

Refugees have been provided with counselling and information on conditions in return areas by UNHCR and its partners. They are also receiving transport and initial reintegration support. In previous such facilitated return movements in October 2016 and May 2018, 164 refugees returned home from Thailand and UNHCR continues to monitor their reintegration and transition to life in present day Myanmar.

In recognition of the generosity of host communities in welcoming returnees, UNHCR and its partners will continue reintegration efforts including through the implementation of community based projects. Such initiatives are tailored to the needs of each community, and designed to create and support livelihood opportunities, facilitate access to basic services, as well as ease additional pressure on community infrastructure.

“Thailand has been a generous host, sheltering the refugees for many years.  This latest facilitated return movement is an encouraging step, enabling refugees who want to return home to go back in safety and dignity,” said James Lynch, UNHCR’s Regional Representative and Regional Coordinator for South-East Asia.

“UNHCR will continue to advocate for a range of solutions towards ending the refugees’ protracted displacement and encampment in Thailand.”

There are currently more than 97,000 refugees from Myanmar living in nine camps along the Thai-Myanmar border, mainly of Karen and Karenni ethnicity.

 

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For more information on this topic, please contact:

In Bangkok:

Jennifer Harrison, harrison@unhcr.org, +66 822 908 831
Caroline Gluck, gluck@unhcr.org, +66 81 827 0280

In Yangon:

Aoife McDonnell, mcdonnel@unhcr.org, +95 94 0348 7572

 

 

Link to the statement: https://www.unhcr.or.th/en/news/general/pr/third-group-of-myanmar-refugees-return-home-from-thailand-with-unhcr-support

Myanmar and UN’s FAO agree a wide-ranging framework to improve nutrition and food security

Myanmar and UN’s FAO agree a wide-ranging framework to improve nutrition and food security
19/02/2019, Nay Pyi Taw – The Government of Myanmar and the UN’s Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) today signed a multi-year framework agreement that will create an enabling environment to improve nutrition and food security in Myanmar, while safeguarding and sustainably managing the use of natural resources.

The Country Programming Framework (CPF) was signed by U Than Aung Kyaw, Director General, Foreign Economic Relations Department (FERD), Ministry of Investment and Foreign Economic Relations (MIFER) and Xiaojie Fan, FAO Representative in Myanmar. The signing was witnessed by U Set Aung, Deputy Minister in the Ministry of Planning and Finance (MoPF) and Ms Kundhavi Kadiresan, FAO Assistant Director-General and Regional Representative for Asia and the Pacific.

The launch of the CPF follows intensive consultations and agreements with the Ministry of Planning and Finance and relevant line ministries, Civil Society Organizations (CSOs), the private sector and other development partners.

Specifically, the CPF intends to help the government achieve three primary goals. The first is enhanced food security, nutrition and food safety. The second is strengthened governance and sustainable management of land, forests, water resources and ecosystems. The third relates to enhanced resilience of local communities and farming households to natural and humanitarian disasters, climate change and transboundary and emerging infectious disease risks.

 

Advances made in food security and nutrition – but concerns remain

Despite having reached a state of self-sufficiency in staple foods, food insecurity, particularly seasonal food insecurity, remain a concern across Myanmar, which risks being worsened due to climate and weather-related shocks and instances of social instability.

Myanmar had experienced a rapid decline in malnutrition figures in just a few decades. The prevalence of stunting among children below the age of five was reduced from around 40 percent in the 1990’s to less than 30 percent in 2016 but the improvements have since slowed.

“With nearly one child in three stunted much work remains to be done for Myanmar to achieve SDG-2, the Sustainable Development Goal of Zero Hunger by 2030” said Kadiresan. “But the fact that the Government of Myanmar and FAO have produced and published this comprehensive framework sets us on a clear path forward.”  The agriculture sector has a major role to play in addressing these sustained rates of food insecurity and malnutrition through agricultural diversification and rural income generation. FAO is ready to do its part to help, Kadiresan added.

 

FAO and Myanmar – 40+ years of collaboration

The Republic of the Union of Myanmar became a full member of the Food and Agriculture Organization in October 1947. The FAO Representation office was established here in 1978 and FAO has had a permanent presence in Myanmar for more than 40 years.

FAO Myanmar has been working in the areas of improved food security and nutrition, agriculture and crop production, livestock, fisheries and forestry. The Organization has also been helping to build resilience and reduce risks from environmental disasters and intervening when asked to respond to outbreaks of diseases in livestock.

 

 

For more information, contact:

Hsu Mon Aung

Communication Officer, FAO Myanmar

FAO-MM@fao.org

 

Allan Dow

FAO Regional Communication Officer (Asia-Pacific)

 

Myanmar: Expert says violence and arrests of Karenni protesters must stop

GENEVA (12 February 2019) – A UN expert has deplored today’s violent police response to protests in Myanmar against a statue of independence hero General Aung San.

“This is yet another example of the Government sidelining the rights of ethnic minorities and failing to truly do what is necessary to unite the country and bring about peace and democracy,” said Yanghee Lee, the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar.

Police fired rubber bullets and used batons and water cannons injuring up to 15 protesters in Loikaw, the capital of Kayah State and home to the Karenni ethnic minority. Today is the 72nd Union Day holiday to mark the 12 February 1947 pact promising autonomy for ethnic minorities in a federal Myanmar. Thousands of people had gathered to protest the erection of the statue of General Aung San, the architect of the pact.

“The Government of Myanmar must respect the right of all people to peacefully assemble and express their views about issues that concern them,” said Lee. “Using disproportionate force against peaceful protesters is entirely unacceptable. The arrests must stop.”

Local activists have reported that at least 60 protesters have been arrested since the start of February and charged under the Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law. Thousands of Karenni have taken to the streets to protest against the statue, erected overnight at the end of January, saying it is a show of dominance by the central government that goes against efforts at peace and reconciliation.

Fourteen protesters arrested during a march against the statue on 3 July 2018 have been charged under sections 19 and 20 of the Peaceful Assembly and Peaceful Procession Law. Nine of those have also been charged with criminal defamation under section 505(b) and (c) of the Penal Code in relation to a letter they distributed to protesters.

General Aung San is the father of Aung San Suu Kyi, the State Counsellor and de facto leader of Myanmar. He was instrumental in the country achieving independence and signed the Panglong Agreement with the Kachin, Chin and Shan ethnic minority groups in 1947, a historic moment that promised a federal union and ethnic autonomy in Myanmar. General Aung San was assassinated shortly after, and the country has been plagued by civil war since.

ENDS

Yanghee Lee (Republic of Korea) was appointed by the UN Human Rights Council in 2014 as the Special Rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar. She is independent from any government or organization and serves in her individual capacity. Ms. Lee served as member and chairperson of the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child (2003-2011). She is currently a professor at Sungkyunwan University, Seoul, and serves on the Advisory Committee of the National Human Rights Commission of Korea. Ms. Lee is the founding President of International Child Rights Center.

The Special Rapporteurs are part of what is known as the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Special Procedures, the largest body of independent experts in the UN Human Rights system, is the general name of the Council’s independent fact-finding and monitoring mechanisms. Special Procedures mandate-holders are independent human rights experts appointed by the Human Rights Council to address either specific country situations or thematic issues in all parts of the world. They are not UN staff and are independent from any government or organization. They serve in their individual capacity and do not receive a salary for their work.

UN Human Rights, country page: Myanmar

For more information and media requests please contact: Georgia Drake (+41-22928 9780 / gdrake@ohchr.org).

For media inquiries related to other UN independent experts: Jeremy Laurence, UN Human Rights – Media Unit (+ 41 22 917 9383 / jlaurence@ohchr.org